Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | January 1, 2016

| Download 1

Comparison of the antioxidant activities, phenolic and flavonoids contents of the leaves-crud extracts of Moringa peregrine and Moringa oleifera

Mohamed A. El-Awady, Mohamed M. Hassan, El-Sayed S. Abdel-Hameed,Ahmed Gaber

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.8(1), 55-62, January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/8.1.55-62


IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Moringa peregrine and Moringa oleifera are used in folk medicine and grows widely in the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and India. In the present study, the total potential antioxidant activities, reducing powers and total phenolic and flavonoids contents of methanol and water extracts of the leave-crud extracts of the two moringa species, M. peregrine in comparison to those of M. oleifera, were determined. Generally, of the extracts tested, the methanol extracts for the two species showed higher potent antioxidant activities, reducing power and phenolic and flavonoids contents than water extracts. Therefore, the methanol extract of Moringa peregrine had the higher antioxidant activity (265.49±4.12mg ascorbic acid equivalent /g extract), higher reducing power (335.89±18.02mg equivalent to ascorbic acid/g extract), total phenolic contents (137.53±8.05mg gallic acid equivalent/g extract) and higher total flavonoids contents (33.40±1.74mg quercetin equivalent/g extract).There was a strong correlation between antioxidant activity and total phenolic contents. Therefore, the increase of the antioxidant activity in M. pregrena is mainly by the attribution of the phenolic compounds as major component. Thus, there was a strong correlation between the reducing powers and the total phenolic contents of the extracts. These results combined show that Moringa peregrine is better source of antioxidant than Moringa oleifera.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Comparison of the antioxidant activities, phenolic and flavonoids contents of the leaves-crud extracts of Moringa peregrine and Moringa oleifera

Abbas S, Wink M. 2009. Epigallocatechin gallate from green tea (Camellia sinensis) increases lifespan and stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans. Planta Medica 75, 216-221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1088378.

Abd El Baky HH, El-Baroty GS. 2012. Biological activity of the Egyptian Moringa peregrina seed oil. International Conference of Agriculture Engineering; Valencia, Spain. 8-12.

Abdel-Hameed ES, Bazaid SA, Shohayeb MM, El-Sayed MM, El-Wakil EA. 2012. Phytochemical studies and evaluation of antioxidant, anticancer and antimicrobial properties of Conocarpus erectus L. growing in Taif, Saudi Arabia. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 2, 93-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/EJMP/2012/1040.

Abdel-Hameed ES. 2009. Total phenolic contents and free radicals scavenging activity of certain Egyptian Ficus species leaf samples. Food Chemistry 114, 1271-1277.

Afsharypuor S, Asghari G, Mohagheghzadeh A, Dehshahri S. 2010. Volatile constituents of the seed kernel and leaf of Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori, Agricolt. cultivated in Chabahar (Iran). Iranian Journal of Pharmacological Science 6, 141-144.

Al-Kahtani HA. 1994. Moringa peregrina (AL-Yassar or AL-Ban) seeds oil from Northwest Saudi Arabia. Journal of King Saud University 7, 31-45.

Anwar F, Latif S, Ashraf M, Gilani AH. 2007. Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses. Phytotherapy Research 21, 17-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2023.

Cai Y, Luo Q, Sun M, Corke H. 2004. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds of 112 Chinese medicinal plants associated with anticancer. Life Sciences 74, 2157-2184.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2003.09.047.

Cos P, Ying L, Calomme M, Hu JP, Cimanga K, Van Poel B. 1998. Structure-activity relationship and classification of flavonoids as inhibitors of xanthine oxidase and superoxide scavengers. Journal Natural Products 61, 71-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np970237h.

Dehshahri S, Wink M, Afsharypuor S, Asghari G. 2012. Mohagheghzade h A. Antioxidant activity of methanolic leaf extract of Moringa peregrina (Forssk) Fiori. Research of Pharmacology Science 7, 111-118.

Fuglie LJ. 1999. The Miracle Tree: Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Church World Service, Dakar. 68 pp.; revised in 2001 and published as The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Attributes of Moringa, 172 p.

Ghebremichael KA, Gunaratna KR, Henriksson H, Brumer H, Dalhammar G. 2005. A simple purification and activity assay of the coagulant protein from Moringa oleifera seed. Water Research 39, 2338-2344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2005.04.012.

Gortzi O, Lalas S, Tsaknis J, Chinou I. 2007. Evaluation of the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Origanum dictamnus extracts before and after encapsulation in liposomes. Molecules 12, 932-945. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/12050932

Kumaran,  A,  Karunakaran  J.  2006.  In  vitro antioxidant  activities  of  methanol  extracts  of  five Phyllanthus species from India. Food Science Technology 40, 344-352. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2005.09.011.

Mosquera OM, Correa YM, Buitrago DC, Niö J. 2007. Antioxidant activity of twenty five plants from Colombian biodiversity. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 102, 631-634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074027620070050000 66.

National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. 1997. Perform ance standards for antimicrobial disk susceptibility testing. NCCLS publication no. M2-A6. Wayne, pa:National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards.

Okuda T, Baes AU, Nishijima W, Okada M. 2001. Isolation and characterization of coagulant extracted from Morringa oleifera seed by salt solution. Water Research 35, 405-410. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00290-6.

Sadraei H, Asghari G, Farahnaki F. 2015. Assessment of hydroalcoholic extract of seeds and leaves of Moringa peregrina on ileum spasm. Research of Pharmacology Science 10, 252-258.

Selvakumar D, Natarajan P. 2008. Hepatoprotective activity of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves in carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats. Pharmacognosy Magazine 13, 97-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2015.537-540.

Siddhuraju P, Becker K. 2003. Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three different agroclimatic origins of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51, 2144-2155.

Tahany M, Hegazy A, Sayed A, Kabiel H, El-Alfy T, El-Komy S. 2010. Study on combined anti-microbial activity of some biologically active constituents from wild Moringa peregrine Forssk. Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research 1, 15-24.

Ukachi EI, John OI, Samuel OO, Agunna EE, Cynthia EO. 2015. Antitrypanosomal and Antioxidant Activities of Moringa oleifera Lam Leaf Extracts. Journal of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences 3, 17-23.

Valcic S, Burr JA, Timmermann BN, Liebler DC. 2000. Antioxidant chemistry of green tea catechins. New oxidation products of epigallocatechin gallate and epigallocatechin from their reactions with peroxyl radicals. Chemical Research in Toxicology 13, 801-810. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx000080k

Wangcharoen W, Gomolmanee S. 2011. Antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content of Moringa oleifera grown in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Thai Journal of Agricultural Science 44, 118-124.

Wong  C,  Li  H,  Cheng  K,  Chen  F.  2006.  A systematic survey of antioxidant activity of 30 Chinese medicinal plants using the ferric reducing antioxidant power assay. Food Chemistry 97, 705-711. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.05.049.

Yammuenart D, Chavasiri W, Pongrapeeporn K. 2008. Chemical constituents of Moringa oleifera Lam. The Science Forum 3, 80-81.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background