J. Bio. Env. Sci.14( 5), 78-82, May 2019
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) had vast diversity of medicinal plants in which many are endemic to the region. However, the conservation state of such important resources has been evaluated using different sources of information in which some medicinally important families were seen to be on a Red alert of the International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Some members of the family Euphorbiaceaehas been marked as vulnerable while genus Draceana in the family Asparagaceae was marked endangered. Authorities have made significant efforts towards conservation medicinal plants, overgrazing of forest reserves affects the diversity of flora, as such there is need for an integrated effort to protect national reserves, rangelands and marine protected areas, which in many cases proven to be effective conservation tools. Also more proactive measures are needed to protect and manage forest reserves and mangrove ecosystems in the Kingdom.
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