Int. J. Biosci.15(3), 307-313, September 2019
The relatively low production of soybean in Indonesia is because the cultivations of soybeans are mostly conducted in marginal dry land areas. Effort to increase productivity of marginal dry land through the application of appropriate, effective, economical and environmentally friendly technologies is a suitable approach to support the growth and production of soybean in a sustainable manner. Biotechnology-based bokasi plus of secondary vegetation is potentially to be developed to overcome the problem. This study aimed to investigate the response of soybean crop to the applications of secondary vegetation-based biotechnology bokasi plus on marginal dry land. The study was conducted in Watuputih, Muna, Southeast Sulawesi Province, with the observed response variables were nitrogen (N) and phosphorous (P) uptake of plants, yield components and yield. Bokasi plus fertilizer affected all observation variables: N and P plant uptake, yield components (number of pithy pods, young pods, empty pods) and the number of seeds per plant and 100-seed weight) and yield (dry weight of pods). Applications of bokasi plus with the dose of 15 tons ha-1 gave the best effect on the weight of the dried pods of 702.46 g plot-1 (3.35 tons ha-1).
Atman. 2006. Soybean cultivation on wetland in West Sumatera. Jurnal Ilmiah Tambua 5, 288-296.
Atman. 2009. A strategy to improve soybean production in Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Tambua, 8, 39-45.
Barus J. 2013. Soybeans deployment potential and cultivation at suboptimal land in Lampung). Proceedings of National Seminar on Suboptimal land, Palembang, Indonesia.
BPS Indonesia. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia, Jakarta.
Bsoul EY, Jaradat S, Al-Kofahi S, Al-Hammouri AA, Alkhatib R. 2016. Growth, water relation and physiological responses of three eggplant cultivars under different salinity levels. Jordan Journal of Biological Science 9, 123-130.
Gardner PF, Pearce RB, Mitchel RL. 1991. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya. Universitas Indonesia Press, Jakarta.
Giono BRW. 2015. Morpho-physiology responses of several gamma irradiated soybean genotypes (Glycine max L.Merill) on acidic stress. Jurnal Agrotan 1, 57-66.
Gothwal RK, Nigam VK, Mohan MK, Samsal D, Gosh. 2007. Screening of nitrogen fixers from rhizospheric bacterial isolates associated with important desert plants. Appllied Ecological and Environmental Research 6, 101-109.
Gupta N, Shubhashree R. 2014. “Arbuscular mycorrhizal association of weed found with different plantation crops and nursery plants”. Regional Plant Resources Centre. Nayapili-Bhubaneswar, India, http://www.cababstractsplus.org
Habi ML. 2012. Phosphate availability, uptake, and corn yield, as a results of sago bokashi applications with P fertilizer on Inceptisols. Buana Sains 12, 63-70.
Haggag WM, Abouziena HF. 2016. Influence of rhizobacteria on induction of plant resistance to stresses. International Journal of Chem Tech Research 9, 416-421. www.sphinxsai.com›ch_vol9_no12›(416421)V9N12CT
Harmida. 2010. Growth responses of soybean lines (Glycine max (L.) Merril) on acidic soil. Jurnal Penelitian Sains 13, 13209.
Marschner H. 1995. Mineral Mutrition of Higher Plants. Second edition. Academic Press Harcourt Brace and Company Publ. London.
Matsumoto H, Yamamoto Y, Ezaki B. 2003. Recent advances in the physiological and molecular mechanism of Al toxicity and tolerance in higher plants. Advanced Plant Physiology 5, 29-74.
Nguyen AH, Wijayanto T, Erskine W, Barker SJ. 2016. Using green fluorescent protein sheds light on Lupinus angustifolius L. transgenic shoot development Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 127 (3) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-016-1079-1
Rahni NM. 2012. Response two sorghum genotypes (Sorghum bicolor L.) to Biofos inoculation and chicken manure on ultisols of Southeast Sulawesi. PhD Dissertation, Postgraduate Program, University of Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.
Rahni NM. 2012. Characteristics of growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) on ultisols applied with biofertilizer and green manure. Agriplus 22, 162-169..
Rahni NM. 2013. The effect of bionodulin inoculation and cow manure on physiological characteristics, yield components, and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L) on utisols. Cefar 4, 11-20.
Rahni NM, Karimuna L. 2014. Development of secondary vegetation-based biotechnology green manure fertilizer to improve production of local groundnut on marginal dry land. Jurnal Agroteknos, 4, 94-100.
Rashid A, Ishaque M, Hameed K, Shabbir M, Ahmad M. 2013. Growth and yield response of three chickpea cultivars to varying NPK levels. Asian Journal of Agriculture Biology 1, 95-99.
Shaheen A, Tariq R, Khaliq A. 2017. Comparative and interactive effects of organic and inorganic amendments on soybean growth, yield and selected soil properties. Asian Journal of Agriculture & Biology 5, 60-69.
Simanungkalit RDM. 2006. Applications of biofertilizer and chemical fertilizer: A Comprehensive Approach. Bulletin Agro Bio 4, 56-61.
Silvia FSB, Melo AMY, Main LC. 2007. Production and infectivity of inoculums of Asbuscular mycorrhizal fungi multiplied in substrate supplemented with Tris-HCl buffer. Brazillian Journal of Microbiology 1, 752-755.
Suliartini NWS, Wijayanto T, Madiki A, Boer D, Muhidin Juniawan. 2018. Relationship of some upland rice genotype after gamma irradiation. International Conference on Agriculture, Environment, and Food Security: IOP Conference Series: Earth & Environmental Science http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/122/1/012033
Verma K, Saini R, Rani A. 2014. Recent advances in the regeneration and genetic transformation of soybean. Journal Innovative Biology 1, 15-26.
Wijayanto T, Zulfikar, Tufaila M, Sarman AM, Zamrun MF. 2016. Influence of bokashi fertilizers on soil chemical properties, soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) yield components and production. WSEAS Transactions on Biology and Biomedicine, 13, 134-141. http://wseas.org/wseas/cms.action?id=4011
Wijayanto T, Khaeruni A, Tufaila M, Muhidin Paat D. 2017. The effectiveness of a biotechnological based fertilizer “Biofresh” in combination with organic matters on soybean health and production. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 8(2), 2808-2817. http://www.rjpbcs.com/pdf/2017_8(2)/.pdf
Winardi. 2014. Prospects of soybean cultivation on rainfed land and irrigated land to increase soybean production in Indonesia. Agritech 6, 89-97.
Yoon GA, Park S. 2014. Antioxidant action of soy isoflavones on oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activities in exercised rats. Nutrition Research and Practice 8, 618-624.
Yuliana AI, Sumarni T, Islami T. 2015. Application of bokashi and sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) to improve inorganic fertilizer efficiency on maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 3, 433 – 438.
Zahra I, Troeh Loynachan TE. 2003. Mycorrhizal: endomycorrhizal fungal survival in continuous corn, soybean and fallow. Agronomy Journal 9, 224-230.