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Distribution of cattle tick-borne haemoparasites in 54 Departments of Côte d’Ivoire after the invasion of Rhipicephalus microplus

Grace Rebecca Aké-Bogni, Yao Kouassi Patrick, Achi Yaba Louise, Kouamé-Diaha Aimée

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Int. J. Biosci.20(1), 123-132, January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.1.123-132

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Abstract

The Rhipicephalus microplus tick is a major economic and veterinary concern on livestock production in tropical regions of the world. In Côte d’Ivoire, this invasive and proliferating tick has occupied almost the entire territory. To assess the prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasites in cattle following this invasion, a parasitological study was carried out in 179 farms in 54 departments. Blood and tick samples were collected from 895 cattle over one year of age, with 5 individuals per farm. Ten tick species were identified, of which Rhipicephalus microplus the most found. Microscopic analysis of blood smears identified 3 tick-borne haemoparasites: Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma centrale and Babesia bovis, with prevalences between 4% and 24% according to departments. Only the Southern, Central, and Northern zones were infested with tick-borne haemoparasites of cattle. The highest prevalence of Babesia bovis (8%) was found in the Southern zone. Agboville’s department was the most infested by A. marginale (24%) and B. bovis (20%). Parasitological analyses revealed a low prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasites in Côte d’Ivoire. A molecular study should be conducted to confirm these results.

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Distribution of cattle tick-borne haemoparasites in 54 Departments of Côte d’Ivoire after the invasion of Rhipicephalus microplus

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