Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Diversity of aeromycoflora in fruit and vegetable markets of Barpeta, Assam, India and their sustainable management

Research Paper | March 1, 2022

| Download 22

Eushah Ali, Dip Kr. Bhattacharjya

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.20( 3), 172-181, March 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/20.3.172-181


IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


Air-borne fungi are responsible for producing several diseases in fruits and vegetables and allergic disorders in human beings. An aeromycological study of fruit and vegetable markets of Barpeta town and Sonkuchi Colony of Barpeta district, Assam was conducted from January to December, 2018 to analyze different fungal species exhibit in the environment using Culture Plate exposure method. A total of 30 different fungal species belonging to 19 genera were isolated from Barpeta town fruit and vegetable market, while 27 species belonging to 19 genera were from Sonkuchi Colony market. A total of 3609 and 2963 fungal spores were isolated from Barpeta town and Sonkuchi Colony market respectively throughout the year. The most and least dominating fungal species in Barpeta town market were recorded to be Aspergillus niger and Drechslera sp. respectively, while in the Sonkuchi Colony market, they were Cladosporium herbarum and Botrytis sp. respectively. The number and types of fungal species varied between the two markets. The maximum number of fungal spores was recorded in the month of August and the minimum was in January 2018. The growth of the fungal population is influenced by season and meteorological factors, which play a vital part in the composition and concentrations of aeromycoflora. There was a definite relationship found between the fungal spores and the markets. So, proper management of the waste is needed in the markets by the Municipality Board. The vegetable-market solid wastes can be used for preparing vermicomposting and biogas for minimizing environmental pollution and maintaining sustainable management.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Diversity of aeromycoflora in fruit and vegetable markets of Barpeta, Assam, India and their sustainable management

Ahire YR, Sangale MK. 2012. Survey of aeromycoflora present in vegetable and fruit market. Elixir Applied Botany 52, 11381-11383.

Arya C, Arya A. 2007. Aeromycoflora of fruit markets of Baroda, India and associated diseases of certain fruits. Aerobiologia 23(4), 283-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10453-007-9070-2.

Barnett HL, Hunter BB. 1972. Identification of species of Curvularia on rice seed. Proceeding International Seed Testing Association 35, 99-119.

Baxi SN, Portnoy JM, Larenas-Linnemann D, Phipatanakul W. 2016. Exposure and health effects of fungi on humans. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 4(3), 396–404.

Das R, Talukdar U. 2016. Seasonal variations of aeromycoflora in the vegetable markets of Barpeta District of Assam, North East India. Journal of Mycopathological Research 54(2), 273-277.

Ecert JW. 1975. Post-harvest pathology-general principles. In: E. B. Pantastico (ed.). Post-harvest physiology, handling and utilization of tropical and subtropical fruits and vegetables. Avi Publ. Co., Westport, CT.

Funder S. 1968. Practical Mycology: Manual for Identification of Fungi. 3rd ed. Hafner Publisher, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 146.

Garg A, Singh S. 2016. Alternaria species in airspora of vegetables and fruits markets at Agra and mycotoxigenic potential. Asian Journal of Agricultural Life Science 1(1), 4-7.

Gilman JC. 1957. A manual of soil fungi. 2nd ed. Iowa State Univ. Press. USA, p 450.

Inal A,  Karakoc GB, Altintas DU, Guvenmez HK, Aka Y, Gelisken R, Yilmaz M, Kendirli SG. 2007. Effect of indoor mold concentrations on daily symptom severity of children with asthma and/or rhinitis monosensitized to molds. Journal of Asthma 44(543–546), 26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770900701496130.

Jones AM, Harrison RM. 2004. The effects of meteorological factors on atmospheric bioaerosol concentrations-a review. Science of the Total Environment 326(1-3), 151-180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.11.021

Kakde UB, Kakde HU. 2012. Incidence of post-harvest disease and air borne fungal spore in a vegetable market. Acta Botanica Croatica 71(1), 147-157.

Kakde UB, Kakde HU, Saoji AA. 2001. Seasonal variation of fungal propagules in a fruit market environment, Nagpur, India. Aerobiologia 17, 177-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010849522964.

Kasprzyk I. 2008. Aeromycology-main research fields of interest during the last 25 years. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 15, 1-7.

Khan HAA, Karuppayil MS. 2012. Fungal pollution of indoor environments and its management. Saudi Journal of Biological Science 19(4), 405–426. http://dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j.sjbs.2012.06.002.

Kurkela T. 1997. The number of Cladosporium conidia in the air in different weather conditions. Grana 36: 54-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00173139709362591.

Marcoux D, Jafarian F, Joncas V, Buteau C, Victor VK, Moghrabi A. 2009. Deep cutaneous fungal infection in immune-compromised children. Journal of American Academy Dermatology 61(5), 857-864. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2009.02.052.

Mishra RP, Bhandari S. 2006. Atmospheric fungal flora of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Microbiology 46(4), 325-332.

Mulac DI, Humpf HU. 2011. Cytotoxicity and accumulation of ergot alkaloids in human primary cells. Toxicology 288(3), 112-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2011.01.019617.

Pande BN, Dere PK, Arsule CS. 2012. Atmospheric fungal diversity over the vegetable market at Aurangabad (M. S). Bionano Frontier p 145-150.

Rick EM, Woolnough K, Pashley CHI, Wardlaw AJ.  2016. Allergic fungal air way diseases. Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology 26(6), 344-354. http://dx.doi.org/10.18176/jiaci.0122.

Shamsi S, Naher N, Wahiduzzaman A. 2014. Seasonal variation of Aeromycoflora in vegetable market of Karwan bazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences 38(1), 49-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/JBAS.V38I1.20211.

Sharma KH, Wari KA, Bhat AA.  2017. Effect of occupational exposure on the health of rag pickers due to fungal contamination at waste dumping site in Gwalior (India). Iranian Journal of Health, Safety and Environment 4(2), 722-728.

Sitara U, Abid M, Hussain F, Riaz S, Anwar F, Bhutto MA. 2020. Biodiversity of aeromycoflora in major fruit and vegetable markets of Karachi city, Pakistan. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology 17(1), 109-116.

Stepalska D, Jerez W. 2005. Variation in fungal spore concentrations of selected taxa associated to weather conditions in Cracow, Poland in 1997. Aerobiologia 21, 43-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10453-004-5877-2.

Surendranathan KK. 2005. Postharvest biotechnology of fruits with special reference to banana-Perspective and Scope. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 4, 39-46. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/7728.

Suthar S. 2009. Vermicomposting of vegetable-market solid waste using Eisenia fetida: Impact of bulking material on earthworm growth and decomposition rate. Ecological Engineering 35(5), 914-920. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.12.019

Tilak ST. 2009. Fungi in the Air—Aeromycology: An Overview, pp. 28-55. In:  Fungi from different Environments. Mishra, J. K. and Deshmukh, S. K(eds), Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, USA. An imprint of Edenbridge Ltd., British Channel Islands, Printed in India.

Toqeer AR, Shaikh AH, Ahmed M. 2009. Air-borne fungal flora of Karachi, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41(3), 1421-1428.

Upadhyay H, Banik D, Siddique A, Kumar A. 2018. Aeromycoflora of fruit and vegetables market environment and their proper management towards a sustainable environment. Plant Archives 18(2), 1851-1854.

Vennealad IM, Henker E, Seebachder C. 1999. Fungal colonization of the paranasal sinuses. Mycoses 42, 33-36.

Vermani M, Bedi N, Hussain MS. 2014. Prevalence of Culturable Airborne Fungi in Fruit Markets of Delhi and Noida, India. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences 3(7), 1-6.

Zobell CF. 1964. Marine Microbiology, Chronic Botanica, Waltham, Mass.