Effect of forage-based feeds at different levels on the growth performance of Rhode island chicken

Paper Details

Research Paper 07/12/2022
Views (747) Download (68)

Effect of forage-based feeds at different levels on the growth performance of Rhode island chicken

Irene M. Adion, Marielle S. Dizon
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.21( 6), 49-56, December 2022.
Certificate: IJAAR 2022 [Generate Certificate]


The study evaluated the effect of forage-based feeds at different levels on the growth performance of chickens. Formulated forage-based feeds were used to substitute commercial grower feeds at different levels of 0, 25, 50 and 75% in ration. The results showed that no significant differences on the initial and final weight. However, as with the gain in weight the highest was observed in Treatment 1 with 1040.11 grams which is not significantly different to Treatment 3 (1021.96) and Treatment 2 (925.35). The highest mean ADG was recorded in Treatment 1 (11.56g) which is comparable to Treatment 3 (11.36g) and Treatment 2 (10.28g) better feed conversion ratio was recorded in control group, however, lowest feed cost to produce a kilogram gain weight was observed in Treatment 3 thus increasing the profitability in poultry production without an adverse effect on performance and blood hematological profile. In conclusion, commercial grower feeds can be replaced with forage – based feeds up to 50% level without adversely affecting the growth performance of chicken.


Abdollahi MR, Ravindran V, Svihus B. 2013. Influence of grain type and feed form on performance, apparent metabolisable energy and ileal digestibility of nitrogen, starch, fat, calcium and phosphorus in broiler starters. Animal Feed Science and Technology 186(3-4), 193-203.

Abora N. 2013 Growth performance, blood profile and carcass characteristics of growing pigs fed diets containing varying levels of soybean milk residue. Animal Nutrition and Management.

Adejumo DO. 2004. Performance, organ development and haematological of rats fed sole diets of graded levels of cassava flour and soybean flour (Soygari) as substitutes for energy and protein concentrates. Trop. J. Anim. Sci 7, 57-63

Amerah AM, Ravindran V, Lentle RG, Thomas DG. 2007 Influence of feed particle size and feed form on the performance, energy utilization, digestive tract development and digesta parameters of broiler starters. Poultry Science 87(11), 2320-8

Banerjee GC. 2006 Poultry (3rdedition). Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi pp. 168-172.

Bounous D, Stedman N. 2000 Normal avian hematology: chicken and turkey. In: Feldman BF, Zinkl JG, Jain NC, editors. Schalm’s Veterinary Hematology. New York: Wileyp 1147-1154.

Carisch L, Stirn M, Hatt JM, Federer K, Hofmann-Lehmann R, Riond B. 2019 White blood cell count in birds: evaluation of a commercially available method. BMC Vet Res 15(1), 93. DOI: 10.1186/s12917-019-1834-8. PMID: 30866927; PMCID: PMC6417236.

Chrystal PV, Moss AF, Khoddami A, Naranjo VD, Selle PH, Liu SY. 2020 Impacts of reduced-crude protein diets on key parameters in male broiler chickens offered maize-based diets. Poult Sci 99, 505-16. DOI: 10.3382/ps/pez573

Eroschenko VP. 2000. Di Fiore’s Atlas of histology with functional correlations, 9th ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, USA.

Ferket PR, Gernat AG. 2006 Factors that affect feed intake of meat birds: A review. International Journal of Poultry Science 5(10), 905-911

Howlett JC. 2000. Clinical and diagnostic procedures. In Samour JH (ed): Avian Medicine. London, Harcourt Publishers Ltd pp 28-50

Huff GR, Huff WE, Rath NC, Anthony NB, Nestor KE. 2008. Effects of Escherichia coli Challenge and Transport Stress on Hematology and Serum Chemistry Values of Three Genetic Lines of Turkeys1, Poultry Science 87(11), 2234-2241.

Martens SD, Hoedtke S, Avila P, Heinritz SN, Zeyner A. 2013. Effect of ensiling treatment on secondary compounds and amino acid profile of tropical forage legumes, and implications for their pig feeding potential. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.6375

Ndelekwute EK, Enyenihi GE, Akpan IP. 2018 Potentials and Challenges of Utilizing Forage Resources for Chicken Production. Crit Care Obst & Gyne 2(1), 4

Oliveira LMS, Silva PG, Silva MRS, Cordeiro DA, Souza LP, Minafra CS, Santos FR. 2022 Effect of Moisture, Particle Size and Thermal Processing of Feeds on Broiler Production Raz. J. Poult. Sci. 24(4) 64-98 https://doi.org/10.1590/ 1806-9061-2020-1391

Pendl H. 2001 Avian hematology for practitioners. Proc Assoc Avian Vet, 2001, pp 387-400

Rijaluzzaman MA, Srianto P, Nidom CA Fajarwati R. 2020 Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology 14, 2086-90

Saadatmand N, Toghyani M, Gheisari A. 2019 Effects of dietary fiber and threonine on performance, intestinal morphology and immune responses in broiler chickens. Anim Nutr 5(3), 248-255. DOI: 10.1016/j.aninu.2019.06.001. Epub 2019 Jun 22. PMID: 31528726; PMCID: PMC6739262.

Saputro B, Santoso PE, Kurtini T. 2013. The effect of vaccine administration methods to broiler on antibody tither, total erythrocyte and leukocyte. J. Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu. (2)3, 43-48

Sellers RB, Brown AT, Boney J, McDaniel C, Moritz JS, Wamsley KGS. 2020 Impact of feed form, liquid application method, and feed augering on feed quality, nutrient segregation, and subsequent broiler performance. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 29(4), 895-916.

Tufarelli V, Ragni M, Laudadio V. 2018. Feeding Forage in Poultry: A Promising Alternative for the Future of Production Systems. Agriculture 8, 81.

Yakubu MT, Akanji MA, Oladiji AT. 2017. Haematological evaluation in male albino rats following chronic administration of aqueous extract of Fadogia agrestis stem. Pharmacogn Mag 3, 34.