Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Effect of population, propagule size and nitrogen levels on growth and rhizome yield of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) in Southern Ethiopia

Research Paper | August 15, 2022

| Download 38

Mulugeta Abebe Mamo, Alemayehu Adinew Abo

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.21( 2), 112-122, August 2022


JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]


A field experiment was conducted during the 2021 main cropping season to determine the effect of density, rhizome size, and applied nitrogen levels on the growth and rhizome yield of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc). The treatments consisted of a factorial combination of three population densities, three rhizome sizes, and three nitrogen levels laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The results revealed that plant height, leaf number, leaf area, number of tillers, and number of fingers were significantly affected by the main effects and interaction effects of nitrogen and population density. Rhizome length and yield were significantly influenced by the interaction of rhizome size and nitrogen, whereas days to emergence, days to maturity, plant height, leaf number, and fresh rhizome yield were significantly affected by the 3-way interaction. The establishment of ginger with 40g rhizome size, 166 667 plants ha-1 and its nourishment with 100kg N ha-1 enhanced its growth and rhizome yield.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of population, propagule size and nitrogen levels on growth and rhizome yield of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) in Southern Ethiopia

Anteneh Nester, Girma Hailemichael, and Endale Taye. 2008. Leaf area Estimation Models of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). East African journal of sciences 2(1), 25-28.

Bendall RL, Daly RA. 1966. Ginger growing in the Number area, Queensland. Rev. Agricultural Journal of Natural Sciences Research www.iiste.org Economy 19(2), 93-96.

BoARD (Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development, SNNPRS). 2008. Unpublished data.

Girma Hailemichael and Digafie Tilahun. 2004. Current Status of Spice Research. IAR, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Teppi Agricultural Research Sub-Center, progress report.

Hadero Tunto Zuria Woreda Agriculture and Natural Resource Office. 2012. Annual report, Hadero, Ethiopia.

Hailemichael G, Tesfaye K. 2008. The Effects of Seed Rhizome Size on the Growth, Yield, and Economic Return of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosce). Asian Journal of Plant Science 7, 213 217.

Hazelton P, Murphy B. 2007. Interpreting Soil Test Results 2nd Edition. Oxford, Australia: CSIRO publishing.

Lawal BA. 2016. Effect of set size and fertilizer types on early growth and development of plantain suckers, Journal of Natural Sciences Research 6(11), 81-84.

Loss SP, Siddiqu KM, Martin LM, Crombie A. 1998. Response of faba bean to the growth rate in Southern Australia П. Canopy development, radiation absorption, and dry matter partitioning. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 49, 999-10008.

Lyocks SWJ, Tanimu J, Dauji LZ. 2013. Growth and yield parameters of ginger as influenced by varying populations of maize intercrop, Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research 1(2), 24-29.

Misra RS, Nedunchezhezhiyan M. 2004. Commercial Cultivation and Production of Quality Planting Materials of Yams and Aroids. College of Agriculture, Dhol, Muzaffarpur, Biha. In NSRTC I. National Seminar on Root and Tuber Crops. Indian Society of Root Crops. Regional Center of Central Tuber Crops Research Institute. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. 65 p.

Miyan MS, Impiglia A, Anderson WK. 2011. Agronomic practices for durum wheat in an area new to the crop. Communications in Biometry and Crop Science 6(2), 64-79.

Pookpakedi A, patradilok H. 1993. Response of genotypes of mang bean and black gram to planting dates and population densities. Kasetsart Journal of Natural Science 27, 395 – 400.

Poudel RR. 2015. Socio-economic aspects of ginger producers in the Western Hills of Nepal, Nepalese Journal of Agricultural Sciences 13(9), 48-59.

Raghavan S. 2007. Handbook of Spices, Seasonings, and Flavorings pp 116-119. Taylor and Francis Group, New York, USA.

Schwertner HA, Rio DC. 2007. High performance liquid chromatographic analysis of 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol, and 6-shogaol in ginger containing dietary supplements, spices teas, and beverages, J. Chromatography B 856(1-2), 41-47.

Valenzuela H. 2011. Farm and Forestry Production and Marketing Profile for Ginger (Zingiber oficinale): A review.

Vasala PA. 2001. Ginger, In Peter KV. 2001. Handbook of Herbs and Spices, pp. 195-206, Wood head Publishing, Cambridge, England.

Wolde Marial, W, Bizuayehu T, Andargachew G. 20016. Effects of Sett Size and Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) at Areka, Wolaita, Southern Ethiopia Journal of Natural Sciences Research