Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Effect of processing condition on the total phenolic contents and antioxidant properties of selected tropical fruits

Research Paper | June 1, 2021

| Download 12

Ida Madiha Yusoff, Ahmad Faris Shaharudin, Zarani Mat Taher, Hesham El Enshasy

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.18( 6), 233-241, June 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.6.233-241


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Global productions and demands for tropical fruits continue to grow each year as consumers are concerned on potential health benefits. Fruits are undergoing various foods processing in order to enhance the organoleptic properties, nutrient content and extend shelf life. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the effect food processing parameters such as thermal pasteurization, ultrasonic treatment and high speed mixing on total phenolic contents and antioxidant properties of tropical fruits. Five tropical fruits: banana, watermelon, mango, papaya and pineapple were selected in the present study. The fruits were prepared into puree and treated with three different processing conditions i: thermal pasteurization, ii: ultrasonic treatment, iii: high speed mixing. The fruits samples were analyzed for total phenolic contents and DPPH radical scavenging activity assay. The results clearly demonstrated that ultrasonic was the best treatment for total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity. The papaya was the richest sources of antioxidant compounds. The results suggest that all selected tropical fruits have shown potential as sources of natural antioxidants.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of processing condition on the total phenolic contents and antioxidant properties of selected tropical fruits

AlmeidammB, Sousa PHM, Arriaga AMC, Prado GM, Magalhães CEC, Maia GA, Lemos TLG. 2011. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of fresh exotic fruits from northeastern Brazil. Food Research International 44, 2155-2159. http://doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2011.03.051

Alothman M, Bhat R, Karim AA. 2009. Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of selected tropical fruits from Malaysia, extracted with different solvents. Food Chemistry 115(3), 785-788. https://doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.12.005

Altemimi A, Watson DG, Choudhary R, Dasari MR, Lightfoot DA. 2016. Ultrasound assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from peaches and pumpkins. PLoS ONE 11(2), e0148758. https://doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0148758

Aquilar-Hernandez G, Garcia-Magana MDL, Vivar-Vera MDL, Sayago-Ayerdi SG, Sanchez-Burgos JA, Morales-castro J, Anaya-esparza LM & Gonzalez EM. 2019. Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from Annona muricata. Molecules 904, 1-15. https://doi:10.3390/molecules24050904

Cheng C, Jia M, Gui Y, Ma Y. 2020. Comparison of the effects of novel processing technologies and conventional thermal pasteurisation on the nutritional quality and aroma of Mandarin (Citrus unshiu) juice. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 64, 102425.

Chua LS, Rahaman NLA, Adnan NA, Tjih T, Tan E. 2013. Antioxidant activity of three honey samples in relation with their biochemical components. Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry 2013, 1-8. https://doi:10.1155/2013/313798

Ding T, Cao K, Fang W, Zhu G, Chen C, Wang X, Wang L. 2020. Evaluation of phenolic components (anthocyanins, flavanols, phenolic acids, and flavonols and their antioxidant properties of peach fruits. Scientia Horticulturae 268, 109365. https://doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2020.109365

Etzbach L, Pfeiffer A, Schieber A, Weber F. 2019. Effects of thermal pasteurization and ultrasound treatment on the peroxidase activity, carotenoid composition, and physicochemical properties of goldenberry (Physalis peruviana L.) puree. LWT – Food Science and Technology 100, 69-74.

Fiedor J, Burda K. 2014. Potential role of carotenoids as antioxidants in human health and disease. Nutrients 466-488.

Gangwar M, Gautam MK, Sharma AK, Tripathi YB, Goel RK, Nath G. 2014. Antioxidant capacity and radical scavenging effect of polyphenol rich Mallotus philippenensis fruit extract on human erythrocytes : An in vitro study. The Scientific World Journal 2014, 1-12. https://doi:10.1155/2014/279451

Hasan M, Yun H, Kwak E, Baek K. 2014. Preparation of resveratrol-enriched grape juice from ultrasonication treated grape fruits. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 21(2), 729-734.

Jiang B, Ou S, Xu L, Mai W, Ye M, Gu H, Zhang T, Yuan C, Shen C, Wang J, Liu K. Comparative proteomic analysis provides novel insights into the regulation mechanism underlying papaya (Carica papaya L.) exocarp during fruit ripening process. BMC Plant Biology 1-13. https://doi:10.1186/s12870-019-1845-4

Kidibule P, Santos-Moriano P, Jose F, Fernández-Lobato M. 2020. Endo-chitinase Chit33 specificity on different chitinolytic materials allows the production of unexplored chitooligosaccharides with antioxidant activity. Biotechnology Reports 27, 1-9.

Lim YY, Lim TT, Tee JJ. 2007. Antioxidant properties of several tropical fruits : A comparative study. Food Chemistry 103, 1003-1008.

Lin D, Xiao M, Zhao J, Li Z, Xing B. 2016. An overview of plant phenolic compounds and their importance in human nutrition and management of type 2 diabetes. Molecules 21, 1374.

Lucas-bautista JA, Ventura-aguilar RI, Bautista-baños S, Corona-rangelm L, Guillén-sánchez D. 2020. Evaluation of the chitinase activity in papaya fruit at different phenological stages as a possible biomarker for the detection of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides infection. Current Plant Biology 23, 100165.

Madiha IY, Rukayadi Y, Norhayati H. 2017. Effects of extraction conditions on yield, total phenolic contents and antibacterial activity of methanolic Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume leaves extract. International Food Research Journal 24(2), 779-786.

Montero-calderon A, Cortes C, Zulueta A, Frigola A, Esteve MJ. 2019. Green solvents and Ultrasound- Assisted Extraction of bioactive orange (Citrus sinensis) peel compounds. Scientific Reports Nature Research 1-8.

Morais DR, Rotta EM, Sargi SC, Schmidt EM, Guntendorfer E, Eberlin MN, Sawaya ACHF, Visentainer JV. 2015. Antioxidant activity, phenolics and UPLC-ESI-MS of extracts from different tropical fruits parts and processed peels. Food Research International 77, 392-399.

Noreen H, Semmar N, Farman M,mccullagh JSO. 2017. Measurement of total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of aerial parts of medicinal plant Coronopus didymus. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 10(8), 792-801.

Parvez MS, Begum F, Neela FA, Alam MFA. 2020. Comparative antibacterial and antioxidant activities of edible and non-edible parts of unripe banana (Musa sapientum L.) Fruit. International Journal of Biosciences 16(3), 290-298.

Rahman M, Islam B, Biswas M, Alam AHMK. 2015. In vitro antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of different parts of Tabebuia pallida growing in Bangladesh. BMC Research Notes 1-9.

Ravimannan N, Nisansala A. 2017. Study on antioxidant activity in fruits and vegetables–A Review. International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences 4, 93-101.

Rocha JCG, Procópio FR, Mendonça AC, Vieira LM, Perrone ÍT, Barros FAR, Stringheta PC. 2018. Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from jussara (Euterpe edulis M.) and blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) fruits. Food Science and Technology 38(1), 45-53.

Rozana N, Suntharalingam C, Othman MF. 2017. Competitiveness of Malaysia’s fruits in the global market : revealed comparative advantage analysis. Malaysian Journal of Mathematical Sciences 11, 143-157.

Sangsoy K, Mongkolporn O, Imsabai W, Luengwilai K. 2017. Papaya carotenoids increased in oxisols soils. Agriculture and Natural Resources 51, 253-261. https://doi:10.1016/j.anres.2017.10.003

Sanya CAK, Chadare FJ, Hounhouigan M, Hotegni FNV, Gbaguidi MA, Dekpemadoha JE, Hounhouigan DJ. 2020. Effects of plant density and fertilizer formula on physicochemical and sensorial characteristics of pasteurized juice from Perolera sugarloaf pineapples grown in the long rainy season. NJAS-Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 92, 100320. https://doi:10.1016/j.njas.2019.100320

Sarkinas A, Sakalauskiene K, Raisutis R, Zeime J, Salaseviciene A, Puidaite E, Mockus E, Cernauskas. 2018. Inactivation of some pathogenic bacteria and phytoviruses by ultrasonic treatment. Microbial Pathogenesis 123, 144-148. https://doi:10.1016/j.micpath.2018.07.004

Smirnov VV, Golovchenko VV, Vityazev FV, Patova OA, Selivanov NY, Selivanova OG, Popov SV. 2017. The antioxidant properties of pectin fractions isolated from vegetables using a simulated gastric fluid. Journal of Chemistry 1-10.

Tallapally M, Shaikh A, Mehtab V, Chilakala S. 2020. GC-MS based targeted metabolomics approach for studying the variations of phenolic metabolites in artificially ripened banana fruits. LWT – Food Science and Technology 130, 109622.