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Effect of temperatures on development, survival, sex ratio, storage of eggs and pupae of Apertochrysa sp. and post-storage effects on pupae

Mohammed A. Ali Alasady, Dzolkhifli Omar, Rohani Ibrahim, Yusof Ibrahim

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.14(6), 240-250, June 2019


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The effect of temperature were evaluated under 10ºC,15ºC, 20ºC, 25ºC and 28ºC to determine the optimum rearing condition of green lacewing Apertochrysa sp. The highest developmental periods of eggs (10.45 days), larval first instars (13.63 days), larval second instars (17.18 days), larval third instars (19.72 days) and pupal stages (27.36 days) occurred under 15ºC while the lowest developmental periods of eggs, larval first instars, larval second instars and larval third instars are 4, 4, 3.6, and 3.7 days respectively were obtained at 25ºC. No any development of Apertochrysa sp. at 10ºC was noticed. The highest survival (55%) was recorded at 15ºC. The sex ratio of emerging adults from four temperatures did not differ significantly with temperatures from 1:1 except in case of laboratory condition. Zero percentage of eggs hatchability was noticed when the eggs were stored at 10ºC. The maximum storage period was 9.49 days at 15ºC with high survival of eggs 76.51 %. The highest percentage of survival of pupae stored of Apertochrysa sp. was recorded after 10 days storage at 10ºC (94.1 %) but it’s not differ significantly with survival of pupae stored 20 days at 20ºC (83.77 %). The lowest disability of adults was recorded by nonstored pupae at 25ºC (7.6 %). The longest pre-emergence period 13.20 days was recorded under 20 days pupal storage at 10ºC. The high percentages of good quality adults were obtained from pupae stored short storage period (10 days) at 10ºC (85.39%) and 15ºC (81.81%).


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Effect of temperatures on development, survival, sex ratio, storage of eggs and pupae of Apertochrysa sp. and post-storage effects on pupae

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