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Research Paper | June 15, 2022

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Effect of Tephrosia vogelii formulation with rabbit urine on insect pests and yield of sesame in Singida, Tanzania

Upendo Lekamoi, Paul Kusolwa, Ernest R. Mbega

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.20(6), 1-13, June 2022

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Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to assess the efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii formulated with rabbit urine on insect pests and yield of sesame. The experiment was done with five treatments namely 10% T. vogelii (w/v), 50% rabbit urine (v/v), 10% T. vogelii + 50% rabbit urine, Water and synthetic pesticide [Duduba 450 EC (Cypermethrin 100g/l + chlorpyrifos 350g/l)]. Results show that, sesame plants sprayed with the formulation of 10% T. vogelii + 50% rabbit urine significantly (p ≤ 0.001) decreased the number of identified insect pests and encouraged high numbers of natural enemies compared with sesame plants sprayed with other treatments. For instances, Sesame plants sprayed with 10% T. vogelii + 50% rabbit urine had lower numbers of Antigastra Catalaunalis and Alocypha bimaculata that decreased as from week 1 to 5 compared with other treatments. Also, sesame plants sprayed with 10% T. vogelii + 50% rabbit urine possessed significantly (p ≤ 0.001) lower percentage damage of sesame compared with other treatments from weeks 1 up to 5 respectively. The results also indicated that, the formulation of 10% T. vogelii + 50% rabbit urine was significantly (p ≤ 0.001) increased sesame yield compared with other treatments. The highest yield was (740.59kg/ha) followed by that of a positive control (721.78kg/ha) and the lowest yield was (672.78kg/ha) that from negative control. Therefore, this study suggests that, treatment 10% T. vogelii + 50% rabbit urine can be used by the smallholder farmers to combat insect pests on sesame fields in Africa.

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Effect of Tephrosia vogelii formulation with rabbit urine on insect pests and yield of sesame in Singida, Tanzania

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