Effects of consumption of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) seeds on nutritional characteristics and average values of serum metabolites in rat

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Effects of consumption of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) seeds on nutritional characteristics and average values of serum metabolites in rat

Rosemonde Affouet Yao, Marcel N’Dri Kassé, Alassane Méité, Patricia Amenan Kouadio, Koffi Barthélemy Attioua, Jules Marius Kacou Djétouan, Hermann Kouamé Yéboué, Ernest Kouakou Amoikon
Int. J. Biosci.16( 3), 414-422, March 2020.
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Protein-energy malnutrition is a major public health problem for developing countries like Côte d’Ivoire. Promotion of local agricultural products, especially bambara groundnut seeds, could help to improve nutritional status of populations affected by this scourge. It is in this framework that current study was initiated in order to determine effects of consumption of powders from dried and germinated bambara groundnut seeds on growth and mean values of serum biochemical parameters in rats. A twenty-one day animal experiment was carried out with twenty-one growing male wistar rats, divided into three batches of seven rats. Animals were subjected to three diets of 10% protein, using herring fish powder for control diet (TP), dried seed powders (PBS) and germinated (PBG) of bambara groundnut. At the end of the experiment, body weight gain of rats subjected to PBS (0.85±0.32g) and PBG (1.66±0.67g) are lower than rats consuming fish powder (TP:2.40±0.35g). Likewise, dry matter ingested by rats under PBS (7.96±1.61g) and PBG (9.19±1.37g) are lower than control rats (10.20±1.82g). Compared to control rats (1.02±0.18g), total protein ingested by rats under PBS (0.80±0.16g) and PBG (0.92±0.14g) are also lower. Same goes for food and protein efficiency ratios. Concerning mean serum values of total proteins, rats fed with PBS (71±2.65g/L) and PBG (73.67±14.15g/L) have lower values than control rats (TP:79±3.61g/L). Those of triglycerides, total-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol are significantly higher (p≤0.05). However, PBG diet has better values than PBS (P≤0.05). All results suggest that bambara groundnut seeds could be used as foods of good nutritional values.


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