Effects of deficit and normal irrigation with the use of superabsorbents and soil amendments in desert lands of semnan province

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2015
Views (206) Download (5)

Effects of deficit and normal irrigation with the use of superabsorbents and soil amendments in desert lands of semnan province

Maedeh Yousefian, Mohammad Jafari, Ali Tavili, Hosein Arzani, Zeinab Jafarian
J. Bio. Env. Sci.7( 1), 186-196, July 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


This research was aimed to compare normal and deficit irrigation methods and its impact on Atriplex canescens in a desert region of Semnan Province in Iran. In addition, the effect of Stockosorb and Zeolite superabsorbents on water holding capacity in a sandy soil was investigated. According to the obtained results, maximum seedling height (76.33 cm) was obtained in the treatment of 15 weight% zeolite+ 70% sand with normal irrigation, having significant difference with other treatments including the control treatment. However, maximum large and small diameters were recorded in the treatment of 0.3% Stockosorb by volume+ 80% sand and normal irrigation method, showing significant difference with control and all treatments of deficit irrigation method. Results showed that significant differences existed in the soil physical, chemical and hydraulic properties between normal and deficit irrigation methods. Therefore, if the sole goal of Atriplex canescens cultivation in rangelands is to improve range condition and plant species diversity, deficit irrigation method and superabsorbents could be recommended in arid regions similar in the study area. On the other hand, normal irrigation could be recommended when livestock grazing and producing excellent seedlings with maximum length and diameter growth are the goals of Atriplex canescens cultivation.


Abdul-Qados AMS. 2015. Effects of Super Absorbent  Polymer  and  Azotobacter  vinelandii  on Growth and Survival of Ficus benjamina L. Seedlings under Drought Stress Conditions. International Research  Journal  of  Agricultural  Science  and  Soil Science 5, 45-57.

Abedi Koupai J, Eslamian SS, Asadkazemi J. 2008. Enhancing the available water content in unsaturated soil zone using hydrogel, to improve plant growth indices. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 8, 67-75.

Abedi Koupai J, Mesforoush M. 2009. Evaluation of Superabsorbent Polymer Application on Yield, Water and Fertilizer Use Efficiency in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Iranian Journal of lrrigation and Drainage 2, 100-111.

Abedi-Koupai J, Asad Kazemi J. 2006. Effect of a hydrophilic polymer on the field performance of an ornamental plant (Cupressus arizonica) under reduced irrigation regimes. Iranian Polymer Journal 15, 715-725.

Akhter J, Mahmood K, Malik KA, Mardan A, Ahmad M, Iqbal AA. 2004. Effects of hydrogel amendment on water storage of sandy loam and loam soils and seedling growth of barley, wheat and chickpea. Plant Soil Environment 50, 463–469.

Baghestani Maybodi N, Sanadgol AA. 2007. Effects of row spacing and pruning type on forage yield of Atriplex lentiformis in Yazd Province. Iranian Natural Research 60, 653-664.

Bai W, Zhang H, Liu B. 2010. Effects of super-absorbent polymers on the physical and chemical properties of soil following different wetting and drying cycles. Soil Use Management 26, 253–260.

Bal W, Zhang H, Wu LY, Song J. 2010. Effects of super- absorbent polymers on the physical and chemical properties of soil following different wetting and drying cycles. Soil Use and Management 26, 253-260.

Banedjschafie  S,  Rahbar  E,  Khaksarian  F. 2006. Effect of a super absorbent Polymers on moisture characteristics of sandy soils. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research 13, 139-144.

Behbahani MR, Mashhadi R, Rahimi Khob A, Nazarifar MH. 2009. Study of super absorption polymer (SAP) on moisture front of trickle and irrigation physical properties of soil. Iranian Journal of Irrigation and Drainage 1, 91-100.

Chen YN, Li WH, Zhou HH, Chen YP, Hao XM, Fu AH, Ma X. 2014. Analysis of water use strategies of the desert riparian forest plant community in inland rivers of two arid regions in north western Chin. Biogeosciences Discuss 11, 14819-14856.

Chirino E, Vilagrosa A, Vallejo VR. 2011. Using hydrogel and clay to improve the water status of seedlings for dry land restoration. Plant and Soil 344, 99–110.

Davarpanah GH. 2005. Affects of moisture super absorbent on water securing for forest in arid regions, Tehran. Water Sewage 16, 62-69.

Dorraji SS, Golchin A, Ahmadi S. 2010. The effects of hydrophilic polymer and soil salinity on corn growth in sandy and loamy soils. Clean-Soil, Air, Water 38, 584-591.

Ekaterina GF, Christos DT. 2002. Influence of clinoptilolite and compost on soil properties. Taylor and Francis Publishing 33, 595-607.

Ekebafe LO, Ogbeifun DE, Okieimen FE. 2011. Polymer applications in agriculture. Biokemistri 23, 81-89.

El-Hady OA, Wanas Sh A. 2006. Water and fertilizer use efficiency by cucumber grown under stress on sandy soil treated with acrylamide hydrogels. Applyed Science Research 2, 1293-1297.

EVONIK Industries. 2014. Water and nutrients for improved plant growth. http://www.creasorb.com/product/creasorb/en/prod ucts/stockos

Faithfull NT. 2002. Methods in agricultural chemical analysis. CABI Publishing, 136-140.

Gagi KN. 1999. Effect of moisture absorb bent polymer (PR3995A) on some soil physical properties. M.Sc thesis, University of Tarbiat Modarres, Tehran, Iran, 5-15.

Goebel MO, Bachmann J, Woche SK, Fischer WR. 2005. Soil wet ability, aggregate stability, and the decomposition of soil organic matter. Geoderma 128, 80–93.

Han Y, Yu X, Yang P, Li B, Xu L, C Wang. 2013. Dynamic study on water diffusivity of soil with super-absorbent polymer application. Environmental Earth Science 69, 289-296.

Huttermann A, Reise K, Zonnorodi M. 1999. Addition of hydrogels to soil for prolonging the survival of Pinus halepensis seedlings subjected to drought. Soil and Tillage Research 50, 295-304.

Iino K, Lozonschi L, Metzner A. 2011. Tricuspid valved stent implantation: novel stent with a self-expandable super-absorbent polymer. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 40, 503–507.

Islam M, Robiul MaoS, Xue X. 2011. A lysimeter study of nitrate leaching, optimum fertilisation rate and growth responses of corn (Zea mays L.) following soil amendment with water-saving super-absorbent polymer. Science Food Agriculture 91, 1990–1997.

Li YF, Li XZ, Zhou LC, Zhu XX, Li BN. 2004. Study on the synthesis and application of salt-resisting polymer hydrogels. Polymers for Advanced Technologies 15, 34–38.

Li ZP, Liu BH, Liu FF. 2011. A composite of borohydride and super absorbent polymer for hydrogen generation. Power Sources 196, 3863– 3867.

Mehrabi Gohari E, Sarmadian F, Taghizadeh Mehrjardi R. 2013. Prediction of the amount of water at Field Capacity and Permanent Wilting Point Using Artificial Neural Network and Multivariate Regression. The Iranian Society Irrigation and Water 3, 42-52.

Miriti JM, Kironchi G, Esilaba AO, Gachene CKK, Heng LK, Mwangi DM. 2013. The effects of tillage systems on soil physical properties and water conservation in a sandy loam soil in Eastern Keny. Soil Science and Environmental Management 4, 146-154.

Naderi F, Vasheghani Farahani A. 2006. Maintaining the soil moisture by using of water absorbent polymers (hydrogels). Soil and Water Science 20, 64-72.

Nazarli H, Zardashti MR, Darvishzadeh R, Najafi S. 2010. The effect of water stress and polymer on water use efficiency, yield and several morphological traits of sunflower. Notulae Science Biology 2, 53-58.

Olszewski MW, Goldsmith RS, Guthrie EK, Young CA. 2012. Use of sieved compost plus hydrogel for solid matrix priming of carrot seeds. Compost Science and Utilization 20, 5–10.

Orikiriza LJB, Agaba H, Eilu G, Kabasa JD, Worbes M, Huttermann A. 2013. Effects of hydrogels on tree seedling performance in temperate soils before and after water stress. Environmental Protection 4, 713-721.

Ortiz R, Sayre KD, Govaerts B, Gupta R, Subbarao GV, Ban T, Hodson D, Dixon JM, Ortiz MJI, Reynolds M. 2008. Climate change: can wheat beat the heat?. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 126, 46–58.

Passioura JB, 2007. The drought environment: physical, biological and agricultural perspectives. Experimental Botany 58, 113-117.

Polite E, Karuca M, Demire H, Onus N. 2004. Use of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) in agriculture. Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 12, 183-189.

Rahbar E, Banedjschafie S. 2009. Salinity effects on water uptake ability of superabsorbent polymer and manure. Iranian journal of Range and Desert Reseach 16, 209- 223.

Rahimizadeh A, Farzadmehr J, Rostagi AA, Ramezani Gask M. 2011. Comparison of effects of planting Haloxylon spp. and Atriplex spp. on the characteristics of vegetation cover and ranglands soil (A case study: Salemabad, sarbishe, Iran). Renewable Natural Resources Research 1, 1-13.

Shaddox T. 2004. Investigation of soil amendments for use in golf course putting green construction. Soil and Water Science 20, 136-138.

Sharifan H, Mokhtari P, Hezarjaribi A. 2013. The effect of super absorbent A200 on the infiltration parameters kostiakov-lewis equation in furrow irrigation. Water and Soil 27, 205-212.

Shooshtarian S, Abedi-Kupai J, TehraniFar A. 2011. Evaluation of application of superabsorbent polymers in green space of arid and semi-arid regions with emphasis on Iran. Biodiversity and Ecological Sciences 1, 258-269.

Singh MP, Chaturvedi AK, Shah D. 2014. Photosynthetic carbon assimilation and grain yield in contrasting rice genotypes under elevated CO2 in face and otc. 4th International Rice Congress. Thailand.

Sivapalan S. 2001. Effect of a polymer on soil water holding capacity and plant water use efficiency. 10th Australian Agronomy Conference Hobart.

Six J, Feller C, Denef K, Ogle SM, Moraes Sa JC, Albrecht A. 2002. Soil Organic Matter, Biota and Aggregation in Temperate and Tropical Soils-Effects of No-Tillage. Agronomie 22, 755-775.

Taban M, Movahedi Naeini SAR. 2006. Effect of aquasorb and organic compost amendments on soil water retention and evaporation whit different evaporation potentials and soil textures. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 37, 2031-2055.

Thomas A. 2008. Agriculture irrigation demand under present and future climate scenarios in China. Global and Planetary Change 60, 306–326.

Wang Y, Boogher CA. 1987. Effect of medium-incorporated hydrogel on plant growth and water use of two foliage species. Environmental Horticulture 5, 125-127.

Wu L, Liu M, Liang R. 2008. Preparation and properties of a double-coated slow-release NPK compound fertilizer with superabsorbent and water-retention. Bioresearch Technology 99, 547-554.

Wu Q, Zhang Q, Zhang B. 2012. Influence of super-absorbent polymer on the growth rate of gas hydrate. Safety Science 50, 865–868.

Zangooei Nasab Sh, Emami H, Astaraei AR, Yari AR. 2013. Effects of stockosorb hydrogel and irrigation intervals on some soil physical properties and growth of haloxylon seedling. Soil Management and Sustainable 3, 167-182.

Zohurian-Mehr MJ, Kabiri K. 2008. Superabsorbent polymer materials: A review. Iranian Polymer Journal 17, 451-477.