Effects of fertilization on the proximate composition of fresh and stored groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2015
Views (229) Download (2)

Effects of fertilization on the proximate composition of fresh and stored groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Evans A. Alenyorege, Felix K. Abagale, Albert Yawson, Nelson Opoku
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.7( 4), 44-51, October 2015.
Certificate: IJAAR 2015 [Generate Certificate]


The study was aimed at evaluating the proximate composition of groundnuts cultivated using Yaralegume and Humate Green OK fertilizers at four (4) communities in the Lambussie-Karni District of the Upper West Region of Ghana. In all, twenty four (24) fresh and stored groundnut samples were analysed using standard methods and procedures. The results indicated average moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, ash and carbohydrate contents of 3.65 %, 24.78 %, 44.70 %, 5.65 %, 2.18 % and 19.16 % for fresh groundnuts and 3.88 %, 27.08 %, 47.62 %, 6.76 %, 2.28 % and 12.28 % for stored groundnuts respectively. After storage, 83.33 %, 58.33 % and 66.67 % of the samples recorded increase in moisture and crude protein, fibre and ash content, and crude fat correspondingly. However, 91.67 % of the samples had reduced levels of carbohydrate after storage. Fertilization did not have a significant impact on the proximate composition of both categories of groundnuts and therefore, the use of these fertilizers to improve the proximate composition of groundnuts may not be recommendable but storage could improve proximate composition.


Abdualrahman MAY. 2013. Chemical, in-vitro Protein Digestibility, Minerals and Amino Acids Composition of Edible Groundnut Seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.). Science International 1, 199-202.

Asibuo JY, Akromah R, Adu-Dapaah H, Safo-Katanka O. 2008. Evaluation of nutritional quality of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) from Ghana. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 8(2), 133-150.

Ayoola PB, Adeyeye A, Onawumi OO. 2012. Chemical evaluation of food value of groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea .L) seeds. Am. J. Food. Nutr 2(3), 55-57.

Ayoola PB, Adeyeye A. 2010. Effect of heating on the chemical composition and physico – chemical properties of Arachis hypogaea (Groundnut) seed flour and oil. Pak. J. Nutr 9(8), 751-754.

Badau MH, Hauwa Z, Agbara GI, Abdullahi AY. 2013. Proximate composition, mineral content and acceptability of granulated maize dumpling (Dambu Masara) with varying proportions of ingredients. Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci 2(1), 7-16.

Bruulsema TW, Heffer M, Welch HR, Cakmak I, Moran K. 2012. Fertilizing crops to improve human health: a scientific review. Vol. 1. Food and nutrition security. International Plant Nutrition Institute and International Fertilizer Industry Association, Norcross, GA and Paris France.

Datnoff LE, Elmer WH, Huber DM.  2007. Mineral nutrition and plant disease. APS Press, St. Paul, MN 278 p.

Davidson JI, Whitaker TB, Dickens JW. 1982. Grading, cleaning, storage, shelling and marketing of groundnuts in the United States. In H.E. Pattee and C.T. Young, eds., Groundnut Science and Technology, pp. 571-623. American Groundnut Research and Education Society, Yoakum TX.

Deshmukh VN, Atre AH, Rangacharya RP, Rewakar SS. 1993. Effect of phosphorus and Potassium application on growth, yield, quality and nutrient uptake by groundnut. Journal of Potassium Research 9, 72-75.

El Tinay AH, Mahgoub SO, Mohamed BE, Hamad MA. 1989. Proximate composition and mineral and phytate contents of legumes grown in Sudan. Journal of Food composition and Analysis 2, 69-78.

Fageria NK, Baligar VC, Jones C. 1997. Growthnd and mineral nutrition of field crops 2 Edition.

Fandohan P, Zoumenou D, Hounhouigan DJ, Marasas WFO, Wingfield MJ, Hell K. 2005. Fate of aflatoxins and fumonisins during the processing of maize into food products in Benin. International Journal of Food Microbiology 98, 249-259.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2007. Agricultural crop production statistics: Available at www.fao.org/faostat. Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome, Italy. [Searchable database for crop production statistics of different countries]

Graham RD, Welch RM, Saunders DA, Bouis HE, Bonierbale M, Haan S, Burgos G, Thiele G, Liria R, Meisner CA, Beebe SE, Potts MJ, Kadian M, Hobbs PR, Gupta RK, Twomlow S. 2007. Nutritious subsistence food systems. p. 1-74. In L.S.Donald (ed.) Advances in Agronomy. Academic Press.

Kaaya AN, Eigel W, Harris C. 2006. Groundnut aflatoxin levels on farms and in markets of Uganda in Groundnut Science, vol 33.

Kavitha S, Parimalavalli R. 2014. Effect of processing methods on proximate composition of cereal and legume flours. J Hum Nutr Food Sci 2(4), 1051.

Kirk RS, Sawyer R. 1991. Pearson’s composition and chemical analysis of foods, 9th Edition. Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex England.

Kumar BS, Sadagopan RS, Vasanthi RP, Kalapati MV, Mabu P. 2013. Comparative physico-chemical, proximate and mineral analysis on raw and roasted seeds of groundnuts.Com Plant Sci 3, 25-29.

Ladele EA, Njoku PC. 1984. Moisture distribution in plantain in relation with maturation. J. Food Biotech 412, 78-79.

Mutegi CK, Wagacha JM, Kimani J, Otieno G, Wanyama R, Hell K, Christie ME. 2013. Incidence of aflatoxin in groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus) from markets in Western, Nyanza and Nairobi Provinces of Kenya and related market traits. J Stored Prod Res 52, 118-127.

Okello KD, Biruma M, Deom CM. 2010. Overview of groundnuts research in Uganda: past, present and future. African Journal of Biotechnology 9, 6448-6459.

Savage GP, Keenan JI. 1994. The composition and nutritive value of groundnut kernels. In: Smart J(ed.). The groundnut Crop: A scientific basis for improvement: Chapman and Hall. London pp 173-213.

Somani RB, Pandrangi RB. 1992. Biochemical status of healthy and mouldy grain of sorghum, SPH 388, In: Proceedings of the XXII Annual Sorghum Workshop, held on April 2-4, 1992, Surat, Gujarat, India p. 27.

Sungsoo C, Jonathan WV, Leon P. 1999. Dietary fibre analysis and application. AOAC International Gaithersburg, Maryland USA.

Tanuja K, Kavitha G, Karuna R, Sashidhar RB. 2012. Substrate suitability of neem seed kernel for the growth and elaboration of aflatoxins by Aspergillus parasiticus (NRRL 2999). Indian J Nat Prod Resource 3, 395-406.

Wakshama PS, Akueshi CO, Ali BD. 2010. Comparative studies on the proximate composition and some physical characteristics of dry matter samples of fermented and unfermented groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) seed, pumpkin (Curcubita pepo L.) seed and pulp. Vol 2.