Effects of organic and mineral fertilizers on growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merril)

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Research Paper 01/07/2015
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Effects of organic and mineral fertilizers on growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merril)

Samia Osman Yagoub, A. Salam Kamel A. Salam, Mohammed Mahgoub Hassan, Moaid Albagir Hassan
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.7( 1), 45-52, July 2015.
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A field experiment was conducted at the Demonstration Farm, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Shambat to investigate the effect of different types of fertilizers on growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merril). The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four replications. The soybean genotype used was 1905E. The fertilizers treatments consisted of four types of fertilizers: Urea 46% N (180 kg/ha), Compost (2.5 ton/ha), Chicken manure (2.5 ton/ha) and Jatropha seeds cake (2.5 ton/ha). Untreated control was used as comparison between plant treatments. The results showed that chicken manure fertilizer had significant effect on stem diameter, number of branches, plant height and number of leaves at 45, 60 and 75 days after sowing. Jatropha seeds cake fertilizer had significant different on plant weight as compared to the control. The results showed that chicken manure and nitrogen fertilizers were significantly increased the number of seeds per pod as compared to the control. There were no significant difference among fertilizers treatments on pods weight per plant, number of seeds per plant, 100 seeds weight, seeds production and harvest index%.


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