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Effects of probiotics on health

Review Paper | May 1, 2020

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Nishat Zafar, Rabia Kanwar, Ashiq Ali, Azka Qadeer, Abdullah Zafar, Huma Nasir, Uzma Mehreen

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Int. J. Biosci.16( 5), 35-46, May 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.5.35-46


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Probiotics are used for a long time in food constituents for humans and also to feedstuff of animals without any side effects. Probiotics are naturally found in the intestine of healthy individuals and healthy food. Nutritional use of innocent live organism is another and encouraging manner to conflict infections to dislocate pathogenic micro-organisms. Probiotic usually are present in animal and human colon. These are not pathogenic organisms, and these organisms are useful for the host’s health. In man and animals, they dominate the flora, in the upper gastrointestinal tract and as in the oral cavity and lower intestine they may form only a minority of the total, strictly anaerobic flora. The outbreak of antibiotic-resistant bacteria was fueled, for the duration of the latest years, via the massive usage of antibiotics in the foodstuff and feed manufacturing. Several types of research advise that the unnecessary use of medicine should flip commensal micro-organism into antibiotic-resistant genes after these bacteria were used as probiotics, for human and animals, needs not to convey any transportable antimicrobial-resistant genes. Probiotic bacterial traces are utmost usually taken into consideration GRAS micro-organisms however they show a massive series of natural resistance of antibiotics, in most communicable.


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