Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2013

| Download 1

Effects of water stress on some physiological traits and grain yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars

Kazem Ghassemi-Golezani, Saeid Ghassemi

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.3(2), 62-70, February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.2.62-70


IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


A field experiment was conducted in 2012 to determine the effect of different irrigation levels (I1, I2, I3 and I4: irrigation after 70, 100,130 and 160 mm evaporation from class A pan, respectively) on leaf-air temperature difference, chlorophyll fluorescence, ground cover and their consequences to crop yield of three chickpea cultivars (Azad, Arman and Jam from kabuli type). The experiment was arranged as split-plot based on randomized complete block design in three replications, with the irrigation treatments in main plots and chickpea cultivars in sub-plots. Results showed that with increasing water stress, leaf-air temperature difference and chlorophyll fluorescence of the PSII (Fv/Fm) decreased. Consequently, percentage and duration of ground cover and grain yield per unit area decreased. Azad was a superior cultivar in grain yield under all irrigation treatments.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effects of water stress on some physiological traits and grain yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars

Alscher RG, Cumming JR. 1990. Stress responses in plants: adaptation and acclimation mechanisms. Plant Biology vol. 12.

Baker NR, Rosenqvist E. 2004. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence can improve crop production strategies: an examination of future possibilities. Journal of Experimental Botany 55, 1607-1621, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh196

Basu PS, Masood A, Chaturvedi SK. 2004. Adaptation of photosynthetic component of chickpea to water stress. International Crop Science. Congress. Brisbane, Australia.

Bismillah-Khan M, Hussain N, Iqbal M. 2001. Effects of water stress on growth and yield component of maize variety YHS 202. Journal of Research in Science 12, 15-18.

Bjorkman O, Powles SB. 1994. Inhibition of photosynthetic reactions under water stress: interaction with light level. Planta 161, 490-504, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00407081

Boyer JS. 1976. Water deficits and photosynthesis. In Water Deficits and Plant Growth. Kozlowski TT, ed. Academic press, New York, 153- 190.

Brooks A, Farquhar GD. 1985. Effects of temperature on the O2/CO2 specificity of ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and the rate of respiration in the light. Estimates from gas exchange measurements on spinach. Planta 165(3), 397-406, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00392238

Brugnoli E, Lauteri M. 1991. Effects of salinity on stomatal conductance, photosynthetic capacity, and carbon ısotope discrimination of salt-resistant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and saltsensitive (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) C3 non-halophytes. Plant Physiology 95, 628-635.

Burstall L, Harris PM. 1983. The estimation of percentage ground cover in potatoes. Journal of Agricultural Science 100, 241-44.

Chaves MM. 1991. Effects of water deficits on carbon assimilation. Journal of Experimental Botany 42, 1-16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/42.1.1

Chaves MM, Oliveira MM. 2004. Mechanisms underlying plant resilience to water deficits: prospects for water-saving agriculture. Journal of Experimental Botany 55, 2365-2384, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh269

Chaves MM, Pereira JS, Maroco J. 2003. Understanding plant response to drought – from genes to the whole plant. Functional Plant Biology 30, 1-26, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP02076

Clarke N, Hetschkun H, Jones C, Boswell E, Marfaing H. 1993. Identification of stress tolerance traits in sugar beet. In: “Interacting Stress on Plants in a Changing Climate.” Jackson MB, Black CR, eds. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 511-524.

Conroy JP, Smillie RM, Kuppers M, Bevege DI, Barlow EW. 1986. Chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic and growth responses of Pinus radiata to phosphorus deficiency, drought stress and high CO2. Plant Physiology 81, 423–429.

Cornic G. 1994. Drought stress and high light effects on leaf photosynthesis, in: Baker NR, ed. Photoinhibition of Photosynthesis: From Molecular Mechanisms to the Field, BIOS, Oxford, 297-313.

Degl’Innocenti E, Guidi L, Stevanovic B, Navari F. 2008. O2 fixation and chlorophyll a fluorescence in leaves of Ramonda serbica during a dehydration-rehydration cycle. Plant Physiology 165, 723-733.

Domingo R, Ruiz-Sánchez MC, Sánchez-Blanco MJ, Torrecillas A. 1996. Water relations, growth and yield of Fino lemon trees under regulated deficit irrigation. Irrigation Science 16,115–123.

Ehrler WL, Idso SB, Jacleson RD, Reginato RJ. 1978. Wheat canopy temperature: Relation to plant water potential. Agronomy Journal 70, 251-256.

Flexas J, Bota J, Escalona JM, Sampol B, Medrano H. 2002. Effects of drought on photosynthesis in grapevines under field conditions: an evaluation of stomatal and mesophyll limitations. Functional Plant Biology 29, 461-471, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/PP01119

Flexas J, Bota J, Loreto F, Cornic G, Sharkey TD. 2004. Diffusive and metabolic limitations to photosynthesis under drought and salinity in C3 plants. Plant Biology 6, 269-279.

Flexas J, Medrano H. 2002. Drought-inhibition of photosynthesis in C3 plants: Stomatal and nonstomatal limitation revisited. Annals of Botany 89, 183-1890, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcf027

Ganivea RA, Allahverdiyev SR, Guseinova NB, Kavakli HI, Nafisi S. 1998. Effect of salt stress and synthetic hormone polystimuline K on the photosynthetic activity of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Turkish Journal of Botany 22, 217-221.

Genty B, Briantais JM, Da Silva JBV. 1987. Effects of drought on primary photosynthetic processes of cotton leaves. Plant Physiology 83, 360–364, http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.83.2.360

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Andalibi B, Zehtab-Salmasi S, Saba J. 2008a. Effect of water stress during vegetative and reproductive stages on seed yield and essential oil content of dill (Anethum graveolens L.). Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 6, 282-84.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Dalil B, Muhammadi-nasab AD, Zehtab-salmasi S. 2008b. The Response of Chickpea Cultivars to Field Water Deficit. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 36, 25-28.

Ghassemi-Golezani k, Lotfi R. 2012. Response of soybean cultivars to water stress at reproductive stages. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences 198-202.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Mardfar RA. 2008. Effect of limited irrigation on growth and grain yield of common bean. Journal of Plant Sciences 3, 230-35, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jps.2008.230.235

Ghassemi-Golezani k, Mustafavi SH, Shafagh-Kalvanagh J. 2012. Field performance of chickpea cultivars in response to irrigation disruption at reproductive stages. Research on Crops 13, 107-112.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Zafarani-Moattar P, Raey Y, Mohammadi M. 2010. Response of pinto bean cultivars to water deficit at reproductive stages. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 8, 801-804.

Giardi MT, Cona A, Gieken B, Kucera T, Masojidek J, Matto AK. 1996. Long-term drought stress induces structural and functional reorganization of photosystem II. Planta 199, 118-125, http://dx.doi.org/1007/BF00196888

Hassan IA. 2006. Effects of water stress and high temperature on gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence in Triticum aestivum L. Photosynthetica 44, 312-315.

He JX, Wang J, Liang HG. 1995. Effects of water stress on photochemical function and protein metabolism of photosystem II in wheat leaves. Physiologia Plantarum 93(4), 771-777, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1995.tb05130.x

Hugh JE, Richard FD. 2003. Effect of drought stress on leaf and whole canopy radiation use efficiency and yield of maize. Agronomy Journal 95, 688-696.

Hura T, Hura K, Grzesiak M, Rzepka A. 2007. Effect of long-term drought stress on leaf gas exchange and fluorescence parameters in C3 and C4 plants. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 29,103-113, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-006-0013-2

Johnson GN, Young AJ, Scholes JD, Horton P. 1993. The dissipation of excess excitation energy in British plant species. Plant, Cell & Environment 16, 673-679,                http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.1993.tb00485.x

Krause GH, Weis E. 1991. Chlorophyll fluorescence and  photosynthesis:  The  basics.  Annual  Review  of Plant  Physiology  and  Plant  Molecular  Biology  42, 313-349, http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.42.060191.001525

Limousin J, Misson L, Lavoir A, Martin NK, Rambal S. 2010. Do photosynthetic limitations of evergreen Quercus ilex leaves change with long-term increased drought severity. Plant, Cell & Environment 33, 863-875, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.02112.x

Mamnouie E, Fotouhi-Ghazvini R, Esfahany M, Nakhoda B. 2006. The effects of water deficit on crop yield and the physiological characteristics of barley (HordeumvulgareL.) varieties. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 8, 211-219.

Maxwell K, Johnson GN. 2000. Chlorophyll fluorescence-a practical guide. Journal of Experimental Botany 51, 659-668.

Munns R, James AJ, Lauchli A. 2006. Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals. Journal of Experimental Botany 57, 1025-1043, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erj100

Nasrullahzadeh S, Ghassemi-Golezani K, Javanshir A, Valizade M, Shakiba MR. 2007. Effects of shade stress on ground cover and grain yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 5, 337-340.

Reginato RJ. 1983. Field quantification of crop water stress. Transaction of ASABE 26, 772-775.

Rizza F, Pagani D, Stanca AM, Cattivelli L. 2001. Use of chlorophyll florescence to evaluate the cold acclimation and freezing tolerance of winter and spring oats. Plant Breeding 120(5), 389- 396, http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0523.2001.00635.x

Rouhi V, Samson R, Lemeur R, van Damme P. 2007. Photosynthetic gas exchange characteristics in three different almond species during drought stress and subsequent recovery. Environmental and Experimental Botany 59, 117- 129, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2fj.envexpbot.2005.10.001

Ruiz-Sanchez MC, Sánchez-Blanco MJ, Planes J, Alarcón JJ, Torrecillas A. 1993. Seasonal changes in leaf water potential component in two almond cultivars. Journal of Agricultural Science 120, 347–351.

Siddiaue  MRB,  Hamid  A,  Islam  MS.  2000. Drought stress effects on water relations of wheat. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 41, 35- 39.

Smirnoff N. 1993. The role of active oxygen in the response to water deficit and desiccation. New Phytologist 125(1), 27-58, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1993.tb03863.x

Xu CC, Lee HY, Lee CH. 1999. Recovery from low temperature photo inhibition is not governed by changes in the level of zeaxanthin in rice (Oryza sativa L.) leaves. Journal of Plant Physiology 155(6), 755-761, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(99)80093-5


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background