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Research Paper | May 1, 2021

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Elimination and reuse of malaria control inputs wastes, case of plastic packaging of long-lasting impregnated mosquito nets distributed during mass distribution campaigns

Yves Eric Denon, Mariette Glitho, Clement C Gnimadi Filémon Tokponnon, Hector Fassinou, Désiré Missikpode, Guy Appolinaire Mensah

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.18(5), 121-126, May 2021

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Abstract

Approximately 4,674,800 insecticide-treated nets were distributed in Benin for universal coverage during July 2011 mass distribution campaigns by the National Malaria Control Program. Then, Benin faces the challenge of disposing millions of LLINs plastic packaging. The study is conducted in 34 health districts. The 2011 campaign permit to distribute 4,674,800 mosquito nets out of the 4,884,713 LLINs i.e. 95.7%. The dissemination of this plastic packaging in nature is sustainable and unattractive because their biodegradability is very difficult, which could have a negative impact on the environment, biodiversity and human beings. Packaging was stored in the health facilities in each department and conducted to the coordination. Then, NMCP organised the collection in order to recycle this waste. LLIN distribution produced a significant amount of plastic waste estimated at 89.15 tonnes. Several brands of LLINs were distributed during 2011 LLIN campaign and the routine distribution in 2012. 67.3 tonnes of plastic waste collected were shredded in machines for processing on a pilot scale at the DECAM BETHESDA destruction site. The remaining 22.2 tonnes (75.19%) were incinerated. This study has shown that there are alternative uses for plastic waste from LLIN distribution campaigns to minimise the risks associated with the spread of plastic waste in nature as well as the adverse effects on the environment.

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Elimination and reuse of malaria control inputs wastes, case of plastic packaging of long-lasting impregnated mosquito nets distributed during mass distribution campaigns

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