Environmental friendly leather dyeing using Tagetes erecta L. (Marigold) waste flowers

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/01/2017
Views (209) Download (7)

Environmental friendly leather dyeing using Tagetes erecta L. (Marigold) waste flowers

Shazia Pervaiz, Tahira Aziz Mughal, Filza Zafar Khan, Sikandar Hayat, Ambreen Aslam, Syed Faheem Shah
Int. J. Biosci.10( 1), 382-390, January 2017.
Certificate: IJB 2017 [Generate Certificate]


In the present study, waste flowers of Tagetes erecta L. (Marigold) were used for the extraction of dye and the efficiency of yellow dye was evaluated on goat leather. Cost efficient, environment friendly aqueous method was empolyed to extract dye. Twenty various shades were obtained with pre-mordanting and post-mordanting methods. Very good to excellent colour fastness (mild washing, rubbing) have been shown with all mordants including without mordant whereas colour fastness (daylight) results have been recorded fair to good. Results of study revealed that T. erecta floral dye has been found a new addition in natural leather dyeing and can be served as a good source of fashion colours at economical rates.


Adeel S, Ali S, Bhatti IA, Zsila F. 2009. Dyeing of cotton fabric using pomegranate (Punicagranatum) aqueous extract. Asian Journal of Chemistry 21(5), 3493-3499.

Agarwal R, Pruthi N, Singh SJS. 2007. Effect of mordants on printing with Marigold flowers dye. Natural ProductRadiance 6(4), 306-309.

Ali S, Noor S, Siddiqua UH, Jabeen S, Hussain T. 2016. Central composite design approach for optimization of extraction and dyeing conditions of Marigold colorant. Natural Products Chemistry & Research 4(4), 2-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2329-6836.1000224.

Angelini LG, Bertoli A, Rolandelli S, Pistelli L. 2003. Agronomic potential of Reseda luteola L. as new crop for natural dyes in textiles production. Industrial Crops and Products17(3), 199-207. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/S0926-6690(02)00099-7.

Annapoorani G, Sundarraj D. 2014. Dyeing of cotton and wool fabric using Mirabilis Jalapa Flower. International Journal of Science and Research 3(7), 1126-1129.

Arunkumar P, Yogamoorthi A. 2014. Isolation of colour component from Tecomastans: A new cost effective and eco-friendly source of natural dye. International Journal of Natural Products Research 4(1), 9-11.

Belemkar S, Ramachandran M. 2015. Recent trends in Indian textile industry-exploring novel natural dye products and resources. International Journal on Textile Engineering and Processes 1(3), 33-41.

Bose S, Nag S. 2012. Isolation of natural dyes from the flower of Hibiscus Rosa-sinensis. American Journal of Pharmtech Research 2, 762-770.

Bosma T, Dole J, Maness N. 2000. 621 Optimizing Marigold (Tagetes erecta L.)Petal and Pigment Yield. Hort Science 35(3), 504-504.

Chavan S, Ghosh E. 2015. Cotton and silk dyeing with Natural dye extracted from floral parts of African marigold (Tagetes erecta). In National Conference ACGT pp. 13-14.

Cristea D, Vilarem G. 2006. Improving light fastness of natural dyes on cotton yarn. Dyes and Pigments 70(3), 238-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j.dyepig.2005.03.006.

Ersin ONEM, Mutlu MM, Gunay S, Azeri H. 2012. Natural dyestuff extraction from onion (Allium cepa) skin and utilization for leather dyeing. Journal of Textiles and Engineer 19(88), 1-8. http://dx.doi. org/10.7216/130075992012198801.

Farooq A, Ali S, Abbas N, Zahoor N, Ashraf MA. 2013. Optimization of extraction and dyeing parameters for natural dyeing of cotton fabric using Marigold (Tagetes erecta). Asian Journal of Chemistry 25(11), 5955-5959. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.14233/ajchem.2013.14202.

Ghorpade B, Darvekar M, Vankar PS. 2000. Ecofriendly cotton dyeing with Sappan wood dye using ultrasound energy. Colourage, 47(1), 27-30.

Haji A. 2010. Functional dyeing of wool with natural dye extracted from Berberis vulgaris wood and Rumexhymenosepolus root as biomordant. Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 29(3), 55-60.

Islam M, Hasan KF, Deb H, Faisal AMM, Xu W. 2016. Improving the fastness properties of cotton fabric through the implementation of different mordanting agents dyed with natural dye extracted from Marigold. American Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering 4(1), 1-22.

Jadhao NU, Rathod SP. 2013. The extraction process and antioxidant properties of patuletin dye from wasted temple French marigoldflower. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research 3(2), 127-132.

Jothi D. 2008. Extraction of natural dyes from African marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) for textile coloration. AUTEX Research Journal 8(2), 49-53.

Kamel MM, Abdelghaffar F, El-Zawahry MM. 2011. Eco-friendly dyeing of wool with a mixture of natural dyes. J NAT FIBERS 8(4), 289-307. http://doi:10.1080/15440478.2011.627114.

Kanchana R, Fernandes A, Bhat B, Budkule S, Dessai S, Mohan R. 2013. Dyeing of textiles with natural dyes-An eco-friendly approach. International Journal of Chem Tech Research 5(5), 2102-2109.

Khattak SP, Rafique S, Hussain T, Ahmad B. 2014. Optimization of fastness and tensile properties of cotton fabric dyed with natural extracts of Marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) by pad-steam method. Life Science Journal 11(7), 52-60.

Masure PS, Patil BM. 2014. Extraction of waste flowers. International Journal of Engineering Researchand Technology 3(11), 43-44.

Montazer M, Parvinzadeh M. 2007. Dyeing of wool with marigold and its properties. Fibers and Polymers 8(2), 181-185. http://10.1007/BF02875789.

Musa AE, Madhan B, Madhulatha W, RaghavaRao J, Gasmelseed GA, Sadulla S. 2009. Coloring of leather using henna-natural alternative material for dyeing.The Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association 104(5),183-190.

Önem E, Gulumser G, Ocak B. 2011. Evaluation of natural dyeing of leather with Rubiatinctorum extract. EkolojiDergisi 20(80), 81-87.

Pervaiz S, Mughal TA, Khan FZ, Najeebullah M. 2016b. Floral Dyes: An opportunity for Punjab leather industry to promote sustainable fashion development. International Journal of Advent and Research Technology 4(8), 34-39.

Pervaiz S, Mughal TA, Khan FZ. 2016c. Green fashion colours: A potential value for Punjab leather industry to promote sustainable development. Pakistan Journal of Contemporary Sciences 1(1), 28-36.

Pervaiz S, Mughal TA, Najeebullah M, Khan FZ. 2016a. Extraction of natural dye from Rosa damascena Miller: a cost effective approach for leather industry. International Journal of Biosciences 8(6), 83-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/8.6.83-92.

Ratnapandian S. 2013. Application of natural dyes by padding technique on textiles. PhD Dissertation RMIT University Australian. Retrieved from: http://researchbank.rmit.edu.au/eserv/rmit:160486.

Sadi MS, Foisal ABM, Nahar N. 2016. Dyeing of cotton fabric with natural dyes from flower extract. Institutional Engineering and Technology 6(1), 11-15.

Selvi AT, Aravindhan R, Madhan B, Rao JR. 2013. Studies on the application of natural dye extract from Bixaorellana seeds for dyeing and finishing of leather. Industrial Crops and Products 43, 84-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.07.015.

Shetty LJ, Sakr FM, Al-Obaidy K, Patel MJ, Shareef H. 2015. A brief review on medicinal plant Tagetes erecta Linn. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical 5(3), 091-095. http://doi:10.7324/ JAPS.2015.510.S16.

Singh A, Swami C. 2016. Utilization of waste flowers as a potential source of natural dyeing on bamboo fabric using natural mordants.International Journal of Research in Advent Technology 4(6), 133-139.

Singh P, Borthakur A, Singh R, Awasthi S, Pal DB, Srivastava P, Mishra PK. 2017. Utilization of temple floral waste for extraction of valuable products: A close loop approach towards environmental sustainability and waste management. Pollution 3(1), 39-45.

Sundari N. 2015. Extraction and optimization of Mucunapruriens for dyeing of leather. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology 17(2), 57-63. https://doi.org/10. 1515/pjct-2015-0030.

Sundrarajan M, Selvam S, Rajiv Gandhi R, Sujesh J. 2011. Effectively utilize the natural resources as mordants and dyes for dyeing of cotton. International Journal of Current Research 3(11), 363-367.

Vankar PS, Shanker R, Wijayapala S. 2009. Utilization of temple waste flower-Tagetuserecta for dyeing of cotton, wool and silk on industrial scale. Journal of Textile and Apparel 6(1), 1-15.

Vasudevan P, Kashyap S, Sharma S. 1997. Tagetes: a multipurpose plant. Bioresource Technology 62(1-2), 29-35.

Verghese J. 1998. Focus on xanthophylls from Tageteserecta L the giant natural complex-I. Indian Spices 33(4), 8-13.