Establishment of seed cocoon area in Pugo, La Union, Philippines: A strategy for a viable sericulture industry

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Research Paper 09/04/2024
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Establishment of seed cocoon area in Pugo, La Union, Philippines: A strategy for a viable sericulture industry

Edwina V. Garcia, Geribert R. Garcia, Gerardo P. Dacayanan, Emerita D. Galiste
J. Bio. Env. Sci.24( 4), 53-61, April 2024.
Certificate: JBES 2024 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Sericulture is a promising business with multi-disciplinary programs that grow sustainably and give farmers a source of income. It involves mulberry cultivation, silkworm rearing for cocoon production, and raw silk production. The Philippine Sericulture industry has great expansion potential, particularly cocoon production. Seed cocoon production is vital in sericulture as it provides quality silkworm eggs for commercial purposes. The Pugo Sericulture Project was selected by the DMMMSU-Sericulture Research and Development Institute as a seed cocoon area. The project’s goal is to showcase the effectiveness of the Pugo Sericulture Project to demonstrate a package of technologies on mulberry leaf production, silkworm rearing management, and seed cocoon production; adopt and implement the best practices in producing seed cocoons; and evaluate the productivity and profitability of seed cocoon production. Silkworm purelines (DMMMSU 100, DMMMSU 101 & DMMMSU 102) and F1 hybrids (DMMMSU 201, DMMMSU 215, DMMMSU 216, DMMMSU 209 & DMMMSU 226) were reared and tested based on qualitative characters such as effective rearing rate, single cocoon weight, shell percentage, pupation rate, and hatching percentage; and quantitative characters like cocoon yield, number of cocoons per kilogram, filament length, fecundity, and the number of silkworm eggs per gram. Based on an eight-year rearing period, the farmer-cooperator produced a total of 327.35 kg of seed cocoons from 13.5 boxes of parental silkworm larvae reared, earning Php 49,489.00, with a net income of Php 5,552.47 and an average return on investment of 13.98%.

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