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Evaluation of cosmeceutical properties of Talinum triangulare leaf and stem extracts

Research Paper | July 28, 2022

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Iniobong Sylvester Enengedi, Okon Douglas Ekpa

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Int. J. Biosci.21( 1), 229-243, July 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.1.229-243


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Although skin epidermis possesses an extremely efficient natural antioxidant defense, high production and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to excessive exposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation may limit the protective effect that the natural antioxidants offer, leading to cellular aging. The most promising topical treatments incorporate antioxidants and antimicrobial ingredients. Antioxidant potential of leaf and stem extracts of T. triangulare were evaluated using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH); and antimicrobial activity assay using agar well diffusion technique. DPPH scavenging activity of the extracts indicated by IC50 (Fifty percent inhibitory concentration) value were compared with butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), a standard antioxidant. Ethanol extract of the leaf and aqueous extract of the stem showed free radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 74.01±0.02μg/cm3) and (IC50 = 88.76±0.03μg/cm3) respectively comparable to BHA (IC50 = 55.54±0.04μg/cm3) than their respective aqueous (IC50 = 103.08±0.02μg/cm3) and ethanol (IC50 = 98.43±0.07μg/cm3) counterparts. Also, the extracts and fractions revealed selective levels of activities against test micro-organisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholera, Shigella sp, Propionibacterium acnes, Aspergillus niger and Microsporus sp). The results of this research indicate the possible industrial applications of T. triangulare extracts for the formulation of skincare products.


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Evaluation of cosmeceutical properties of Talinum triangulare leaf and stem extracts

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