Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.2(3), 1-6, March 2012
Identification of suitable substrate material and correct substrate pasteurization method is critical for successful oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju) culture. An experiment was undertaken in a mushroom growing house to evaluate the effect of two pasteurization methods (boiling and use of Na hypochlorite) for P. sajor-caju culture on different substrates (cotton waste, waste paper and jatropha cake). A 3×2 factorial laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications was used. Spawning was done at a rate of 8% and only the first three flushes were considered for the evaluation of substrate productivity. Mean number of basidiocarps (MNB), mean basidiocarp weight (MBW), biological efficiency (BE) and number of days to first fruiting (DFF) were used to evaluate substrate productivity. No fruiting was observed on jatropha cake under either pasteurization technique. Fruiting occurred on cotton waste and waste paper under both pasteurization methods. The results showed significant interaction effect (p<0.05) of substrate type and pasteurization method on MBW, BE and DFF. Cotton waste pasteurized by boiling method had highest productivity in terms of MNB, MBW and BE while waste paper pasteurized by Na hypochlorite solution had least productivity. However, waste paper pasteurized by boiling method took fewer DFF while cotton waste pasteurized by Na hypochlorite took the longest DFF hence delayed fruiting. Cotton waste proved to be the best substrate for P. sajor-caju production while boiling was the most effective pasteurization method. Jatropha cake is not suitable for oyster mushroom culture.
Adebayo GJ, Omolara BN, Toyin AE. 2009. Evaluation of yield of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus pulmonarius) grown on cotton waste and cassava peel. African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 215-218.
Alexopoulous CJ, Mims CW. 1979. Introductory Mycology. New York, U.S.A.: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 869.
Ali MA, Mehmood MI, Nawaz R, Hanif MA, Wasim R. 2007. Influence of substrate pasteurization methods on the yield of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus species). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science 44(2), 300-303.
Baysal E, Peker H, Yalinkilic MK, Temiz A. 2003. Cultivation of oyster mushroom on waste paper with some added supplementary materials. Bioresource Technology 89, 95-97.
Buswell JA. 1991. Fungal degradation of lignin. In Handbook of Applied Mycology. Vol. 1, Soil and Plants, pp. 425-480. Edited by. Arora AK, Rai B, Mukerji G, Knudsen G. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.
Chang ST, Hayes WA. 1978. The biology and cultivation of edible mushroom. New York, U.S.A: Academic Press
Chang ST, Miles, PG. 1989. Edible mushrooms and their cultivation, Florida: CRC Press.
Chang-Ho Y, Ho TM. 1979. Effect of nitrogen amendment on the growth of Volvariella volvacea. Mushroom Science 10(1), 619-625.
Chitamba J, Dube F, Chiota WM, Handiseni M. 2012. Evaluation of substrate productivity and mushroom market quality of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on different substrates. International Journal of Agricultural Research 7(2).
Collop C. 2008. Cotton classroom: Chemical composition of cotton fibre. Department of Textile and Apparel Management University of Missouri, Columbia.
Fanadzo M, Zireva DT, Dube E, Mashingaidze AB. 2010. Evaluation of various substrates and supplements for biological efficiency of Pleurotus sajor–caju and Pleurotus ostreatus. African Journal of Biotechnology 9(19), 2756-2761. Khanna P, Garcha HC. 1981. Introducing the cultivation of Pleurotus florida in the plains of India. Mushroom Science 11, 655–65.
Labuschagne PM, Eicker A, Aveling TAS, Meillon S, Smith MF. 2000. Influence of wheat cultivars on straw quality and Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation. Bioresource Technology 71, 71-75.
Liang Z, Wu C, Shieh Z, Cheng S. 2009. Utilisation of grass plants for cultivation of Pleurotus citrinopeleatus. International. Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 63, 509-514.
Mabveni ARS. 2004. Mushroom Cultivation in Zimbabwe. University of Zimbabwe, Harare. In: Mushroom Growers’ Handbook 1, MushWorld.
Mswaka AY, Kashangura C, Chigogora JL. 2001. Making use of locally available cellulosic wastes: mushroom cultivation by resource poor-farmers in Zimbabwe. Biotechnology (A Publication of the Biotechnology Trust of Zimbabwe) 5, 4-7.
Ponmurugan P, Nataraja Sekhar Y, Sreesakthi TR. 2007. Effect of various substrates on the growth and quality of mushrooms. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 10, 171-173.
Poppe J. 2004. Agricultural wastes as substrates for oyster mushroom. University of Gent, Belgium. In: Mushroom Growers’Handbook 1, 2004. MushWorld.
Shah ZA, Ashraf M, Ishtiaq M. 2004. Comparative study on cultivation and yield performance of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on different substrates (wheat straw, leaves, saw dust). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 3, 158-160.
Sivaprakasam TR, Kandsami TK. 1981. Waste material for the cultivation of Pleurotus sajor-caju. Mushroom Journal 101, 178-179.
Stamets P. 1993. Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms. Berkely, U.S.A. Ten Speed Press, 574.
Tan KK. 1981. Cotton waste is a good substrate for cultivation of (Pleurotus astreatus). The Oyster Mushroom. Mushroom Science, 11(1), 705-710.
Wood DA. 1985. Useful biodegradation of lignocellulose. In: Plant Products and the New Technology (K.W. Fuller & J. R. Gallan, eds.) Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
Zadrazil F, Kurtzman RH. 1982. The biology of Pleurotus cultivation in the tropics In Tropical mushrooms (Chang ST, Quimio TH (Eds.), Hong Kong: The Chinese Press, 493, 277-298.