Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 1, 2016

VIEWS 1
| Download 2

Evaluation of Drinking Water Quality in Urban Areas of Pakistan. A Case Study of Gulshan-e-Iqbal Karachi, Pakistan

Syed Asim Hussain, Alamdar Hussain,Urooj Fatima, Wajid Ali, Amjad Hussain, Nasir Hussain

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.8(3), 64-76, March 2016

Certification:

JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A study was carried out to evaluate the quality of water supplied by Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA), Karachi. Gulshan-e-IQbal was selected for this purpose. Water samples from different source (12 houses) connections (one from each) were collected making a total of twelve sampling points. Physicochemical parameters (pH, Eh, turbidity, conductivity, temperature and total dissolve solid), only one microbial parameter and one chemical test (As) were tested for each sample and values compared with World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for drinking water. The results of the study demonstrated that physical and chemical quality of water was satisfactory. Some samples (3 samples) were contaminated possible causes of contamination were leaking water mains and cross connections between water mains and sewers due to close proximity. It is recommended to carry out compulsory chlorination at water sources while maintaining reasonable residuals at the consumers end to eliminate the microbial contamination.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Evaluation of Drinking Water Quality in Urban Areas of Pakistan. A Case Study of Gulshan-e-Iqbal Karachi, Pakistan

Leeuwen FXR. 2000. Food and Chemical Toxicology 38, 51-58

Dara SS. 1993. A text book of Environmental Chemistry and Pollution

Holgate G. 2000. Environmental and Waste Management 3, 105-112.

Anwar MS, Lateef S, Siddique GM. 2010.Bacteriological quality of drinking water in Lahore.J. Biomedica 26, 66-69.

Wright J, Gundry S and Condroy R. 2004. House hold drinking water in developing countries: a systematic review of microbiological contamination between source and point of use. Trop. Med. Int. Health 9, 106-117.

PMDG. (Pakistan  Millennium  Development  Goals) Report. 2006., Government of Pakistan. Planning Commission. 2006, 75.

Global Water Partnership, Draft. 2000. South Asia-Water Vision2025, Country Report–Pakistan.

Kahlown MA, Tahir MA, Rasheed H, Bhatti KP. 2006. Water Quality Status, National Water Quality Monitoring Programme, Fourth Technical Report.Pakistan Council of Research in water Resources,5.

Aziz JA. 2005. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal11, 1087-1098.

Bridges G. 2007.Asian Water Development Outlook 2007. Country Paper Pakistan, Asian Development Bank, p. 9.

Water and Sanitation Program. 2005. Managing Karachi’s water supply and sanitation services: lessons from a workshop.

WHO (1996) Guidelines for drinking-water quality. 2nd edition, volume 2, 991 p.

Haydar S, Arshad M, Aziz JA. 2009. Pak. J. Engg. & Appl. Sci. Vol 5, 16-23)

Roxanne J. 2012. Drinking Water Quality: Testing and Interpreting Your Results, WQ-1341

World Health Organization. (WHO). 1986. Ammonia,(Environmental Health Criteria, No.54), Geneva.

Napacho ZA, Manyele SV . 2010.African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4, 775-789,

Water quality assessment and monitoring. 2010. Technical bulletin No. 6, UNICEF,

Properzi F. 2010. Rapid Assessment of Drinking water quality in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan country report of the Pilot Project Implementation in 2004-2005.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background