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Evaluation of some quantitative and qualitative characteristics of 5 cultivars of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) grown in Hormozgan Province

Shiva Ghasemi, Mostafa Ghasemi, Khadijeh Abbaszadeh, Morteza Salari

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.6(5), 62-65, May 2015

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Abstract

The goal of this investigation was to evaluate some qualitative and quantitative traits in fruits of five tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) cultivars. These traits were vitamin C content, pH, total soluble solids (TSS), titrable acidity, fruit diameter, fruit volume, fruit firmness, fresh weight and dry weight. Studied cultivars were Matin F1, Yaghoot, Sunseed, Sadeen and Raha. The results showed that there were significant differences in evaluated parameters among cultivars. The highest contents of vitamin C (36.32 mg. 100 g-1), diameter (6.77 cm), volume (221.25 cm3), firmness (2.45 Kg. cm-2), fresh weight (194.29 g) and dry weight (11.3 g) were belonged to the cultivar Sunseed. The highest pH (4.3) and TSS (2.49 %) were belonged to the cultivars Yaghoot and Matin F1, respectively. The cultivar Yaghoot also showed the lowest contents of vitamin C (21.37 mg. 100 g-1), TSS ( 1.65 %), titrable acidity (0.274 %), diameter (5.3 cm), volume (158. 75 cm3), firmness (1.825 Kg. cm-2), fresh weight (102.55 g) and dry weight (6.19 g) in compare with other cultivars. Thus based on the results, the cultivar Sunseed can be as a valuable cultivar among other cultivars, because the highest contents of vitamin C, diameter, volume, firmness, fresh weight and dry weight were belonged to this cultivar. The findings of this study may provide suitable information about nutritional value of studied cultivars for food experts and other researchers.

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Evaluation of some quantitative and qualitative characteristics of 5 cultivars of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) grown in Hormozgan Province

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