Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5(2), 103-113, August 2014
This experiment was conducted on a research farm of Mahidasht in the west part of Iran in RCBD design with three replications under normal and drought stress conditions. The analysis of variances demonstrated high significant results between studied genotypes on evaluated traits under both conditions. The varieties including Union, Clark, Elgine, L17 and Hy-1 had the highest while Williams, Halcor, Hack and Flanklin had the least grain yield per hectar under normal condition. In drought stress condition, the varieties such as Clark, LD9 and Elgine had the highest while Steel, Halcor and Baj-maj had the least grain yield. The M9 had the highest number of grain and pods per plant. Similarly L17 had the highest amount of grain weight under normal condition while L17, M9 and Steel had the highest number of grain and pods per plant under drought stress. In this study 6 drought tolerant indices on 14 soybean genotypes, indentified L17 as the highest potential yield 0.590 kg/plot while Baj-maj and Hack as the lowest 0.326 and 0.313 kg/plot. On the other hand, Clark and L17 had the highest yield stability while Halcor and Baj-maj showed the lowest stability of yield. The highest amounts of STI, GMP, MP, HARM indices was obtained for L17 but Baj-maj showed the least amounts of STI, GMP and HARM. The evaluation of biplot on six studied indices and 14 soybean genotypes revealed that GMP and STI had positive correlation with both stress and non-stress yields. Considering three dimensional plot in genotypes scattering using STI, L17, Hy-1, Elgine, LD9 and Clark were in A region of plot. On the other hand, Halcor, Steel, Flanklin, Williams, Hack and Baj-maj were in D region of plot. It means they had low yield under stress and non-stress conditions.
Abdipour M, Rezaee AH, Hooshmand S, Bagherifard G. 2008. Evaluation of Drought Tolerance of Indeterminate Soybean Genotypes in Flowering and Seed Filling Stages. Journal of Research in Agricultural Science 4(2), 140-150.
Ahmadi G, Zienaly Khane Ghah H, Rostamy MA, Chogan R. 2000. The study of drought tolerance and biplot method in eight corn hybrids. Iran. Journal of Agricultural Science31, 513-523.
Bansal KC, Sinha SK. 1991. Assessment of drought resistance in 20 accessions of Triticum aestivum and related species. Part 1: total dry matter and grain yield stability. Euphytica 56, 7-14.
Board JE, Tan Q. 1995. Assimilatory capacity effects on soybean yield components and pod number. Crop Science. 35: 846–851.
Board JE, Harville BG. 1998. Late-planted soybean yield response to reproductive source/sink stress. Crop Science38, 763–771.
Bouslama M, Schapaugh WT. 1984. Stress tolerance in soybean. Part 1: Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Science24, 933-937.
Clarke JM, De Pauw RM, Townley-Smith TM. 1992. Evaluation of methods for quantification of drought tolerance in wheat. Crop Science32, 728-732.
Dornbos Jr DL, Mullen RE. 1991. Influence of stress during soybean seed fill on seed weight, germination, and seedling growth rate. Canadian JournaL of Plant Science71(2), 373-383.
Fernandez GCJ. 1992. Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. P 257-270, In Kuo, C.G. (ed.) Adaptation of food crops to temperature and water stress. 531p. In Proc. Int. Symp., Taipei, Taiwan. 13-18 Aug. 1992. Publ. no. 93-410. Asian Vegetable Res. and Dev. Center, Shanhua, Taiwan. 257-270 p.
Fischer RA, Maurer R. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. I. Grain yield response. Australian J.ournal of Agricultural Research29, 897-912.
Gabriel KR. 1971. The biplot graphic display of matrices with application to principal component analysis. Biometrika58, 453-467.
Golabadi M, Arzani A, Maibody SAMM. 2006. Assessment of drought tolerance in segregating populations in durum wheat. African Agricultural Journal Research1, 162-171.
Heatherly GL. 1993. Drought stress and irrigation effects on germination of harvested soybean seed. Crop Science Society of America33, 777-781.
Kargar SAM, Ghannadha MR, Bozorgi pour R, Khaje Ahmad Attary AA, babaei H. 2004. An investigation of drought tolerance indices in some soybean genotypes under restricted irrigation conditions. Iraninan Journal Of Agricultural Science. 35(1),129-142.
Kim KS, Hyung Park S, Kim DK, Jenks MA. 2007. Influence of Water Deficit on Leaf Cuticular Waxes of Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.). International Journal of Plant Sci. Vol. 168, No. 3, 307-316.
Kobraee S, Shamsi K. 2011. Effect of irrigation regimes on quantitative traits of Soybean ( Glycine max L.). Asian Journal of Experimental Biological Science2(3), 411-448.
Li G, Zhang HY, Ji L, Zhao E, Liu J, Li L, Zhang J. 2006. Comprehensive evaluation ondrought-resistance of different soybean varieties. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 17(12), 2408-12.
Linkemer G, Board JE, Musgrave ME. 1998. Water logging effects on growth and yield components in late-planted soybean. Crop Sci. 38,1576–1584.
Masoumi H. 2011. Chemical and biochemical responses of soybean (Glycine max L.) cultivars to water deficit stress. Australian Journal of Crop Science5(5), 544-553.
Mitra J. 2001. Genetics and genetic improvement of drought resistance in crop plants. Current. Science. 80(6), 758-762.
Mohammadia R. Armionb M, Kahrizie D, Amrid A. 2010. Efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions. International Journal of Plant Production. 4(1), 11-24.
Panndy RK. 1987. A farmer on growing soybean on richland. International rice research institute. IRRI. 216 pages.
Pourdad SS. 2008. Study on drought resistance indices in spring safflower. Journal Acta Agronomy Hungarica 56(2), 203-212.
Rajaram S, Van Ginkle M. 2001. Mexico, 50 years of international wheat breeding. In: Bonjean, A.P., Angus,W.J. (Eds), The World Wheat Book: A History of Wheat Breeding. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris, France. 579-604p.
Rosielle AA, Hamblin J. 1981. Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environment. Crop Sci. 21, 943-946.
Saba J, Moghaddam M, Ghassemi K, Nishabouri MR. 2001. Genetic Properties of Drought Resistance Indices. J. Agric. Sci. Technol. 3, 43-49.
Sheng QX, Zhang-Xiong L, Rong-Xia G, Xing-Rong W, Zuo-Wang G, Ru-Zhen C, Li-Juan Q. 2012. Comparison of Evaluation Methods for Drought-resistance at Soybean Adult Stage. Acta Agron Sin. 38(4), 665-674.
Shiri M, Akhavan K. 2005. The effect of water deficit stress on yield and related traits with yield in late maturity seed corn hybrids. Final Report of Research, Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran, Registration No. 86/1073.
Shirinzadeh A, Zarghami R, Shiri MR. 2009. Evaluation of drought tolerance in late and medium maize hybrids-using stress tolerance indices. Iran. J. Crop Sci., 10, 416-427.
Kargar SAM, Ghannadha MR, Bozorgi pour R, Khaje Ahmad Attary AA, babaei H. 2004. An investigation of drought tolerance indices in some soybean genotypes under restricted irrigation conditions. Iranian J of agric Sci. 35(1), 129-142.
Tint AMM, Sarobol E, Nakasathein S, Chai-aree W. 2011. Differential Responses of Selected Soybean Cultivars to Drought Stress and Their Drought Tolerant Attributions.Kasetstart J.: Natural Sci. 45(4), 571 – 582.
Wilcox JR. 1987. Soybean: Improvement, production and uses. 2 th ed. Madison Wisconsin. USA.
Yan W, Rajcan I. 2002. Biplot analysis of test sites and trait relations of soybean in Ontario. Crop Sci., 42, 11-20. WWW.FAO.Org