Evaluation of the effectiveness of post-harvest conservation methods for seedlings of Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir. J. K. Morton)

Paper Details

Research Paper 04/05/2024
Views (272) Download (91)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Evaluation of the effectiveness of post-harvest conservation methods for seedlings of Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir. J. K. Morton)

Arnaud Rodrigue Zongo, Rasmata Nana, Ousseni Berthé, Aboubacar Sory, Aboulazize Banhoro, Diaby Hadi Abdoul Kassamba
Int. J. Biosci.24( 5), 80-95, May 2024.
Certificate: IJB 2024 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Solenostemon rotundifolius is a tuberous plant with great food and economic potential in Burkina Faso. One of the major problems in its production is the loss of seedlings during storage, resulting in a shortage of raw materials at planting time. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of methods for preserving S. rotundifolius seedlings. A randomized block design with three (03) replicates was used. Twelve (12) preservation methods were tested. Measurements were made on the rate of budded seedlings, budding time, bud length and seedling loss rate. The results showed that six (6) conservation methods produced seedlings with a budding rate of over 80% and low seedling loss rates, ranging from 2.38% to 6.19%. These are: conservation in “Bitatoré” with millet husks as additive (BITA+G) with a seedling budding rate of 89.05 ± 2.27%, canaries with sand as additive (CAN+S) with a budding rate of 87.62 ± 2.17%, “Bitatoré” without additive (BITA) with a budding rate of 86,19 ± 2.33%, Storage in Sand and Sprouting (Tri S) with a budding rate of 85.71 ± 2.72%, canaries with wood shavings as additive (CAN+CB) with a budding rate of 85.24 ± 2.35% and canaries without additive (CAN) with a budding rate of 85.24 ± 2.54%. In addition, the seedlings produced by these methods had respective seed loss rates of 2.86%, 2.86%, 6.19%, 2.38%, 3.81% and 5.71%. The results also showed that seedling budding time varied from 51 ± 4 to 70 ± 3 days, depending on the storage method.

VIEWS 106

Abraham M, Radhakrishnan VV, Abraham M, Radhakrishnan VV. 2005. Assessment and induction of variability in coleus (Solenostemon rotundifolius). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 75(12), 834-836. https://eurekamag.com/research/004/400/004400225.php

Aksenova NP, Sergeeva LI, Konstantiva TN, Vskaya SA, Kolachevskaya OO, Romanov GA. 2013. Regulation of potato tuber dormancy and sprouting. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 60(3), 301-312. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1021443713030023.

Bischoff A, Vonlanthen B, Steiner T, Muller- Scharer H. 2006. Seed provenance matters – Effects on germination of four plant species used for ecological restoration. Basic and Applied Ecology 7(4), 347- 359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2005.07.009.

Dandago, MA, Gungula D. 2011. Effects of various storage methods on the quality and nutritional composition of sweet potato (Ipomea batatas L.) in Yola Nigeria. International Food Research Journal 18(1), 271-278. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289798691

Eleazu, CO, Eleazu KC, Iroaganachi MA, Kalu W. 2017. Starch digestibility and predicted glycemic indices of raw and processed forms of hausa potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius). Journal of Food Biochemistry 41(3). https://doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.12355.

Enyiukwu DN, Awurum AN, Nwaneri J. 2014. Potentials of Hausa Potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir.) J. K. Morton and Management of its Tuber Rot in Nigeria Greener. Journal of Agronomy, Forestry and Horticulture 2(2), 027-03. https://doi.org/10.15580/gjafh.2014.2.010314008

Gouado I, Fotso M,  Djampou  EJ. 2003. Potentiel nutritionnel de deux tubercules (Coleus rotundifolius et Solenostemon ssp.) consommés   au   Cameroun. 2ème Atelier International, Voies alimentaires d’amélioration des situations nutritionnelle Ouagadougou, 85-90.

Grubben GJH. 2004. Légumes. Pays-Bas, Fondation PROTA, 736 p.

Hundayheu M, Mcewan M, Namanda S, Low J, Vandamme E, Brouwer R. 2022. Participatory validation and optimization of the Triple S method for sweetpotato planting material conservation in southern Ethiopia. Open Agriculture 7(1), 120-131. https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2021-0063

Kwarteng AO, Ghunney T, Adu Amoah R, Nyadanu D, Abogoom J, Nyam KC, Ziyaaba JZ, Danso EO, Whyte T, Asiedu DD. 2018. Current knowledge and breeding avenues to improve upon Frafra potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir.) J K Morton). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 65(12), 659-669. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-017-0581-6

Kwazo HA, Sulaiman AU, Abdulmumin U, Muhammad MU, Mohammed S. 2021. Comparative assessment of chemical composition and anti-Nutrient components of Solenostemon rotundifolius tuber pulp and peel. African Journal of Food Science and Technology 12(4), 1-6. https//doi.org/10.14303/ajfst.2021.021.

Law RD, Suttle JC. 2004. Changes in histone H3 and H4 multi-acetylation during natural and forced dormancy in potato tubers. Physiologia plantarum 120(4), 642-649. https//doi.org/10.1111/j.0031-9317.2004.0273.x

Mani F, Bettaieb T, Doudech N, Hannachi C. 2014. Physiological Mechanisms for Potato Dormancy Release and Sprouting: A Review. African Crop Science Journal 22(2), 155-174. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/acsj/article/view/104945

Mohammed A, Chimbekujwo IB, Bristone B. 2013. Effect of different storage methods on development of post-harvest rot of Solenostemon rotundifolius (poir) J.K.Morton in Yola, Adamawa State-Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 3(5), 2224-3208. https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JBAH/article/view/5361

Nanbol KK, Deshi KE, Satdom SM. 2020. Studies of Dormancy Break of some Accessions of Hausa Potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir) J.K.Morton) in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science 8(8), 283-287. https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS90282776

Nanéma KR. 2010. Ressources génétiques de solenostemon rotundifolius (poir.) J. K. Morton du Burkina Faso : système de culture, variabilité agromorphologique et rela-tions phylogénétiques entre ses différents morphotypes cultives au Burkina Faso, Thèse Doctorat unique, Université Ouagadougou, 141 p.

Nanéma RK, Sawadogo N, Traoré RE, Ba AH. 2017. Marketing Potentialities and Constraints for Frafra Potato: Case of the Main Markets of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). Journal of Plant Sciences 5(6), 191-195. DOI:10.11648/j.jps.20170506.14

Ouédraogo, A, Sedogo A, Zongo JD. 2007. Perceptions paysannes de la culture et des utilisations du « Fabirama » (Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir.) J.K. Morton) dans le Plateau Central du Burkina Faso. Annales de Botanique de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, 13-21. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256662651

Prematilake DP. 2005. Inducing genetic variation of innala (S. rotundifolius) via in vitro callus culture. Journal of Nationale Science Foundation of Sri Lanka 33(2), 123-131. https://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v33i2.2342

Richard D, Giraud N, Pradere F, Chevalet P, Soubaya T.2010. Biologie, licence tout le cours en fiches, Dunod, Paris, ISBN 978-2-10-055510-9, 697 p.

Robert C. 2011. Gestion et entreposage de la pomme. Colloque sur la pomme de terre, 94 p. https://www.agrireseau.net/pdt/documents/Coffin.pdf

Sandhya C, Vijayalakshmi N. R. 2000. Antioxidant activity of flavanoids from Solenostemon rotundifolius in rats fed normal and high fat diets. Journal of Nutraceuticals, Functionnal and Medical Foods 3(2), 55-66. https://doi.org/10.1300/J133v03n02_06

Schippers R. 2002. African Indigenous Vegetables. An over view of the cultivated Species. Natural Resources Institute.214 p. https://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12060/

Sugri I, Kusi F, Kanton RAL, Stephen KN, Mukhtar Z. 2013. Sustaining Frafra potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius Poir.) in the food chain; current opportunities in Ghana. Journal of Plant Sciences 1(4), 68-75. https//doi.org/10.11648/j.jps.20130104.14

Sugri I, Kusi F, Yirzagla J, Abubakari M, Lamini S, Asungre P, Zakaria M, Attamah P, Azasiba J, Aziiba E, Kanton R,  Nutsugah S,  Buah S. 2021. Assessment of Postharvest Management of Frafra Potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius (Poir.) J. K. Morton). Current Topics in Agricultural Sciences 5, 79-101. https://doi.org/10.9734/bpi/ctas/v5/2208C

Tindall HD. 1983. Vegetables in the tropics. The Macmillan Press Ltd, UK, 533 p. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-17223-8