Evaluation of the income of forage products and byproducts of Amygdalus scoparia

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2013
Views (336) Download (5)

Evaluation of the income of forage products and byproducts of Amygdalus scoparia

Ahmad Zare, Hossein Arzani, Seyed Akbar Javadi, Mohammad Reza Eslami, Naser Baghestani Meybodi
J. Bio. Env. Sci.3( 12), 92-100, December 2013.
Certificate: JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]


Forage is the main product of Chenarnaz rangelands of Khatam City, and Amygdalus scoparia is a byproduct of this region. Amygdalus scoparia harvested by local people in a 30-day period in the end of the summer and is then sold in the market. In this study, some economic indicators of harvest and sale of by-products of Amygdalus scoparia were evaluated. Participants of the study were local farmers who grew Amygdalus scoparia. Results showed that the net income of forage production per family equaled 15.7 million Rials annually, and the obtained economic rent was estimated to be 202 thousand Rials per hectare annually. The average gross income of Amygdalus scoparia in a harvest period per household was estimated to be approximately 22.65 million Rials. Furthermore, after deduction of apparent and hidden costs, the net income per household in that period was calculated to be 14.3 million Rials. The results of the study indicated that economic rent from the exploitation of Amygdalus scoparia was estimated to be 706 thousand Rials per hectare annually. The expected values per hectare of rangelands were estimated to be 24 million Rials and 8.08 million Rials from harvesting byproducts, and forage, respectively. The expected total value of each hectare of rangeland relating to the production of main products and byproducts was more than 36.32 million Rials. Moreover, the contribution rate of the byproducts of Amygdalus scoparia to the expected total value of rangeland was calculated to be 0.78.


Arzani H, Mossayyebi M, Nikkhah A. 2006. An investigation of the effects of phenological stages on forage quality of different species in Taleghan summer rangelands. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 59, 251-261.

Amiri F, Arzani H. 2009. Range management and grazing capacity on vegetation indices. Journal of Range 3, 680-698.

DiCostanzo A, Cassady JM, Salzer TM, 1997. Wintering cow: An excel spreadsheet to balance winter beef cow rations, and evaluate winter feeding programs on annual cow cost and calf break-even price. 7 p.

FAO- UNDP. 1997. Negotiating a Sustainable Future for Land. Structural and institutional Guidelines for Land Resources Management in the 21 st Century. FAO, Rome, 61 p.

Faustmann M. 1995. b. On the determination of the value which forest land and immature stands possess for forestry. Journal of Forest Economics 1, 7-44.

Freed J. 2003. Non-timber forest products in local economies: The case of Mason County, Washington. Journal of sustainable forestry 13.

Grice AC, Hodgkinson KC. 2002. Global Rangelands: Progress and Prospects, CABI Publishing. CSIRO, Australia.

Heshmatol Vaezin SM, Barkaoui A, Peyron JL. 2007. Estimating the value of standing timber on the basis of parcel characteristics-the case of beech in Lorraine prior to the 1999 storms. French Journal of Forest 6, 625-638.

Khaldari M. 2003. Sheep  and  goat  husbandry. Jihad Daneshghahi publication, 528 p.

Khosravi H, Mehrabi A. 2008.Economic study of Ferula harvesting in Tabass Range, Iranian Journal of Natural Resources 5, No.2, 933-944.

Kupahi M. 2008. Principles of agriculture economics. Tehran university publication, 509 p.

Mahdavi A. 2006. Non-wood forest products and its harvest methods in Kamyaran County. MSc Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, 97 p.

Moghaddam MR. 2009. Range and Range Management. 6th edition, Tehran University publication,470 p.

Monjardino M, Pannell DJ, Powles SB. 2004. The economic value of pasture phases in the integrated management of annual ryegrass and wild radish in a Western Australian farming system. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 44, 265–271.

Mozaffarian V. 1998. Flora of Yazd. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, 437 p.

Murthy IK, Bhat PR, Ravindranath NH, Sukumar R. 2005. Financial valuation of non-timber forest product flows in Uttara Kannada district, Western Ghats, Karnataka, India 88, No’10, 7 p.

Connell O, Young MJ, Kingwell R. 2006. The economic value of saltland pastures in a mixed farming system in Western Australia. Journal of Agricultural Systems 89, 371–389.

Saeed A. 1995. Fundamentals of practical economics in forest management. Tehran university publication, 339 p.

Shylajan CS, Mythili G. 2003. Community dependence on protected forest areas:A study on valuation of non-wood forest products in a region of India. Sri Lankan journal of agricultural economics 5, No1, 26 p.

Thadani R. 2001. International non-timber forest product issues. Journal of sustainable forestry 13, No’s 3/4.