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Floral composition and diversity in Camp 7, Minglanilla, Cebu Island, Philippines with notes on anthropogenic activities

Hans Mikel L. Alvarico, Earl Ben P. Geraldizo, Jelian Marie A. Tapic, Mary Vez Niña B. Tura, Genalyn Tenio, Jake Joshua C. Garces

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Int. J. Biosci.15(3), 229-242, September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.3.229-242


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Much attention has been paid to the impacts of floral distribution on resident communities but studies that tabulate and assess floral diversity and composition in secondary forests, particularly in Cebu Island, Philippines, are scarce. As a safe haven for floral species, most secondary forests provide a glimmer of hope in the conservation of wildlife species. We studied the composition, diversity and structure of floral species in Camp 7, Minglanilla, Cebu Island, Philippines. Total abundance, richness, evenness and diversity of floral species were assessed within the study site. A total of 1,719 individuals of floral species, under 58 species and 28 families were found in the study sites. Sarcandra glabra (n=437) Artocarpus odoratissimus (n=97), and Donax canniformis (n=94) constituted the major floral composition. The abundance of alien plant species was higher than that of the native plant species in all study sites. With a recorded species evenness (PE=0.78), all quadrats proved to be hosting a wide array of floral species indicating that no single species is dominating the landscape, thus ensuring a high diversity index (H’=3.168). This high diversity within the site ensures productive ecosystem and well-balanced ecosystem structure and function. Yet, rampant anthropogenic disturbances (i.e., encroachment by informal settlements, timber poaching, and numerous resources extraction activities) were also identified. It is of great concern to protect and conserve the forest reserve, especially for stakeholders who are working on a community-based ecotourism project.


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Floral composition and diversity in Camp 7, Minglanilla, Cebu Island, Philippines with notes on anthropogenic activities

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