GC-MS analysis and antibacterial activity of Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) JF Pruski

Paper Details

Research Paper 07/12/2022
Views (495) Download (101)

GC-MS analysis and antibacterial activity of Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) JF Pruski

AVP. Karthikeyan, A. Ramesh
Int. J. Biosci.21( 6), 298-306, December 2022.
Certificate: IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) J.F. belongs to family Asteraceae. The presence of phytochemical compounds in the leaves of S. trilobata was evaluated using the standard procedure in methanol, acetone, ethanol and water extracts. Methanolic leaf extract of S. trilobata were analyzed for the presence of different volatile compounds by Gas chromatography-Mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) technique. There are about 14 different phytochemical constituents were identified through GC-MS analysis. The methanolic extract from S. trilobata leaves with the concentrations of 50, 75, and 100 µM were assessed for their effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Vibrio cholera and Escherichia coli. Both gram positive and negative bacteria produced their zone of inhibition at moderate level against S. trilobata methanolic leaf extracts.


Balekar N, Nakpheng T Katkam NG, Srichana T. 2012. Wound healing activity of ent-kaura-9(11), 16-dien-19-oic acid isolated from Wedelia trilobata (L.) leaves. Phytochemical and Pharmacol. Review 41(3), 590-605.

Bauer AW, Kirby WMM, Serris JC, Turck M. 1966. Antibiotic susceptibility testing by a standardized single disc method. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 45, 493-496.

Block LC, Santos ARS, Souza MM, Scheidt C, Yunes RA, Santos MA, Monache FD, Filho F. 1998. Chemical and pharmacological examination of antinociceptive constituents of Wedelia paludosa, J. Ethnopharmacol 61, 85-89.

Buddhakala N, Talubmook C. 2020. Toxicity and antidiabetic activity of ethanolic extract of Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski flower in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 262, 113-128.

Chethan J, Sampath Kumara KK, Niranjana SR, Prakash HS. 2012. Evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of methanolic flower extract of Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitch. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(41), 9829-9834.

Coe FG, Anderson GJ. 1996. Screening of medicinal plants used by the Garifuna of eastern Nicaragua for bioactive compounds, J. Ethnopharmacol 53, 29-50.

Dai ZC, Wang XY, QSS, Cai HH, Sun JF, Huang P, Du DL. 2016. Effects of leaf litter on interspecific competitive ability of the invasive plant Wedelia trilobata. Ecological research 31(3), 367-374.

Darah I, Lim SH, Nithianantham K. 2013. Effects of methanol extract of Wedelia chinensis Osbeck (Asteraceae) leaves against pathogenic bacteria with emphasise on Bacillus cereus. Indian J Pharm. Sci. 75(5), 533-539

Govindappa M, Naga SS, Poojashri MN, Sadanana TS, Chandrappa CP, Gustavo S, Sharanappa P, Kumar ANV. 2011b. Antimicrobial, antioxidant and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity and phytochemical screening of water extract of Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitchc. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(24), 5718-5729.

Govindappa M, Naga SS, Poojashri MN, Sadanana TS, Chandrappa CP. 2011a. Antimicrobial, antioxidant and in vitro antiinflammatory activity of ethanol extract and active phytochemical screening of Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitchc. J of Pharmacog Phytoth 3(3), 43-51.

Harborne AJ. 1998. Phytochemical methods a guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. Springer Science.

Harborne JB, Williams CA. 2000. Advances in flavonoids research since 1992. Phytochemistry 55, 481-504.

Havsteen BH. 2002. The Biochemistry and Medical Significance of the Flavonoids. Pharmacol. Ther. 96(2-3), 67-202.

Husain N, Kumar A. 2017. Characterization of antioxidant property of root extract of Sphagneticola trilobata in recovery of oxidative stress. Indian J. Sci. Res. 12, 116-20.

Li Donghai Liang, Zhenyi Li Donghai Guo, Mofei Zhou, Jing Yang, Xiaobo, Xu Jing. 2012. Study on the chemical composition and extraction technology optimization of essential oil from Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitchc. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(20), 4513-4517.

Mardina V, Halimatussakdiah H, Harmawan T, Ilyas S, Tanjung M, Aulya W, Nasution A. 2020a. Preliminary phytochemical screening of different solvent extracts of flower and whole plant of Wedelia biflora. IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 725, 1-7

Mardina V, Ilyas S, Harmawan T, Halimatussakdiah H, Tanjung M. 2020b. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of the ethyl acetate extract of Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) J.F. Pruski on MCF-7 breast cancer cell. J Adv Pharm Technol Res 11, 123-7.

 Mardina V, Mastura, Hamdani, Sufriadi E. 2020c. Flower of Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski JF, from Aceh, Indonesia: Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activity on HeLa Cells. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 1007, 1-7.

Meena AK, Rao MM, Meena RP, Panda P, Renu. 2011. Pharmacological and Phytochemical Evidences for the Plants of Wedelia Genus. A Review. Asian J. Pharm. Res 1(1), 712.

Mishra P, Singh VK, Garg N, Parvez S, Yadav N, Hwisa KI, Molvi SM, AlSharif BZ, Awen RL, Khosa. 2011. Phytochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Wedelia chinensis. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 2(1), 39-43

Mooza Al-Owaisi, Nora Al-Hadiwi, Shah Alam Khan. 2014. GC-MS analysis, determination of total phenolics, flavonoid content and free radical scavenging activities of various crude extracts of Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori leaves. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 4(12), 964-970.

Muhammad Tayyab, Durre Shahwar. 2015. GC-MS analysis of Cannabis sativa. Wedelia trilobata crude extracts. Phytomedicine 6, 133-134.

Nie CR, Zeng RS, Luo SM, Li HS, Hong MQ, Cheng LQ. 2004. Allelopathic potentials of Wedelia trilobata L. on rice. Acta Agronomica Sinica 30, 942-946.

Oliver-Bever B. 1986. In: Medicinal plants in Tropical West Africa, Cambridge Univerisity. Press, London 245-267.

Prasanth DSNBK, Lakshmana RA. 2018. Evaluation of Pharmacognostic, Phytochemical and Physicochemical Standards of Wedelia Trilobata (L.) Root. Pharm Res 2(1), 149.

Robards K, Prernzler PD, Tucker G, Swatsitang P, Glover W. 1999. Phenolic compounds and their role in oxidative processes in fruits. Food Chem 66, 401-36.

Santos-Buelga C, Scalbert A. 2000. Pro anthocyanidins and tannin like compounds nature, occurrence, dietary intake, and effects on nutrition and health. J Sci Food Agric 80, 1094-1117.

Shanmugam S, Malligeswari KS, Venugopalan R, Shanmugam T. 2011. Estimation of Wedelolactone content in Wedelia species by HPTLC technique J. Pharm. Res 4, 193-194.

Shanmuganathan T, Karthikeyan AVP. 2016. Antimicrobial activity of in vivo and in vitro plants of Cleome gynandra L. World J Phar Pharm Sci 5(7), 948-953. ISSN No. 2278 – 4357

Sunita Kanikaram, Hari Babu Bollikolla, Swarna Latha Kurapati, Ramya Krishna Pallapatti. 2018. A Quantitative estimation of phytochemicals, anti-diabetic and antioxidant activities of crude extracts of sphagneticola trilobata (L) and adathoda vasica Linn. J. Nat. Prod. Res 4(1), 155-159.

Taddei A, Rosas-Romero AJ. 1999. Antimicrobial activity of Wedelia trilobata crude extracts. Phytomedicine 6(2), 133-134.

Teo BS, Gan RY, Abdul Aziz S, Sirirak T, Mohd Asmani MF, Yusuf E2021. In vitro evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Eucheuma cottonii extract and its in vivo evaluation of the wound-healing activity in mice. J Cosmet Dermatol 20, 993-1001

Toppo KI, Gupta S, Karkun D, Agrwal S, Kumar A. 2013. Antimicrobial activity of Sphagneticola trilobata (L) pruski, against some human pathogenic bacteria and fungi. The bioscan 8(2), 695-700.

Trease GE, Evans WC. 1989. In: Pharmacognosy. Braille Tiridel Ed. 2nd Edition, Macmillan publishers.

Verma R, Rajendra S, Padaliaa C, Chauhana A, Sundaresan V. 2014. Essential oil composition of Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski from India. Journal of Essential Oil Research 26(1), 29-33.

Wendels S, Avérous L. 2021. Biobased polyurethanes for biomedical applications. Bioact Mater 6, 1083-106.

Widiyowati II, Wardani R, Azmi N, Sukemi S. 2020. DPPH radical scavenging activity of methanol extract of Wedelia trilobata flower from Samarinda City, Indonesia. MCTrops 1, 24-29.

Zhang YH, Liu MF, Ling TJ, wei Xiao Y, South CBG. 2004. Allelopathic sesquiterpene laetoes iron Wedelia trilobata. Journal of Tropical and Sub-tropical Botany 12(6), 533-537.