Grapes Post-harvest Decaying Process,Associated Fungal Pathogens and their Ecofriendly Control by Plant Extracts and Oils

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Research Paper 01/01/2020
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Grapes Post-harvest Decaying Process,Associated Fungal Pathogens and their Ecofriendly Control by Plant Extracts and Oils

Syed Shamsullah, Muhammad Ibrahim, Amjad Abbas, Muhammad Anayat Ullah, Muhammad Aslam, Muhammad Kamran, Sadam Hussain
Int. J. Biosci.16( 1), 197-204, January 2020.
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Grapes (Vitis viniferaL.) are amongst widely consumed fruit in the world. In Pakistan, about 66 thousand tons of grapes are produced annually from an area of 78.30 thousand hectares. Grapes are highly perishable commodity during transportation, storage, and marketing for general consumption and post-harvest losses are up to 16-23%. Numerous biotic and abiotic factors reduce the production and quality of grapes. In this study, samples of rotten grapes were collected from different fruit markets of Pishin (Balochistan) and Faisalabad (Punjab). The samples were subjected to isolate the fungal pathogens, responsible for the post-harvest decay of fruits. The fungal pathogen isolated was identified as Aspergillus flavus, and A. carbonarius causing post-harvest decay of grape berries. The pathogenicity of the two isolated pathogens was evaluated on different temperatures (5, 20, 30& 40 °C) on Thompson seedless variety of grapes. The temperature 40°C was found conducive for infection and proliferation of fungi. Five organic origin chemicals namely Neem, Castor and Clove oils, with concentrations of (500, 1000, 2000 ppm) for each oil and also Neem and Marigold Extracts with concentrations of (12.5, 25, 50%) of both extracts were used as antifungal agents. Among the tested organic compounds, Clove oil @ 2000 ppm was found better in delaying the decay process of both fungal pathogens. The decay was reduced up to 50% as compared to control. This study indicates that post-harvest application of essential oils can potentially enhance the storage life of grapes prior to marketing.


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