Growth, phenology and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate and its time of application at Hadero Tunto District, Kambata Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Paper Details

Research Paper 15/07/2022
Views (529) Download (70)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Growth, phenology and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate and its time of application at Hadero Tunto District, Kambata Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Alemayehu Adinew and Mulugeta Abebe
J. Bio. Env. Sci.21( 1), 37-48, July 2022.
Certificate: JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the world’s leading crops ranked in the third position in the world cereal crop production after wheat and rice. It is a multipurpose traditional crop generally grown for food, feed and fodder. The study was conducted in Hadero Tunto District, Kambata Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia during the main cropping season of 2019 with the aimed to investigate optimum nitrogen fertilizer rate and its time of application to increase productivity of maize crop. Soil fertility depletion and poor nutrient management are the major factors contributing to low productivity of the crop.  The treatments consisted of two factors, namely, four levels of nitrogen rates and five different application times. The experiment was laid in randomized complete block design (RCBD) in factorial arrangements with three replications. The analysis of variance showed that the maximum grain yield (6.417 t/ha) was obtained with the highest nitrogen fertilizer rate (200kg/ha) which applied 1/3 at planting + 2/3 at knee height time. While the least value (4.413 t/ha) was recorded in plots which receive (50kg/ha) which applied 1/3 at planting + 2/3 at near tasseling time. Like grain yield, total biomass yield of maize also increased linearly with increased in nitrogen fertilizer rates. Thus, the results suggested that use of 200kg N/ha which applied 1/3 at planting + 2/3 at knee height time was increased the yield of maize in the study area.

VIEWS 92

Abd El, Lattief EA. 2011. Nitrogen management Effect on the Production of Two Sweet Sorghum Cultivars underArid Regions Conditions. Asian J. Crop Science 3(2), 77-84.

Abebayehu A, Eyasu E, Diels J. 2011. Comparative Analysisof Soil Nutrient Balance at Farm Level: A case Study in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. Inter. J. Soil Science 6(4), 259-266.

Abera K. 2013. Growth, productivity and nitrogen use efficiency of maize (Zea mays L.) as influenced by rate and time of nitrogen fertilizer application in Haramaya District, Eastern Ethiopia.

Adhikari  P,  Baral  BR, Shrestha  J.  2016. Maize  response  to  time  of  nitrogen  application and planting seasons. Journal of Maize Research and Development 2(1), 83-93.

Adhikary BH, Baral BR, Shrestha J. 2020. Productivity of winter maize as affected by varieties and fertilizer levels. International Journal of Applied Biology 4(1), 85-93.

Amanullah KH, Riaz A, Khalil SH. 2009. Plant den­sity and nitrogen effects on maize phenology and grain yield. Journal of Plant Nutrition 32(2), 246-60.

Amanullah, Khan A. 2015. Phosphorus and compost management influence maize (Zea mays) productivity under semiarid condition with and without phosphate solubilizing bacteria. Front. Plant Sci 6, DOI: 1083. 10.3389/fpls.2015.01083.

Amanullah. 2016. Rate and timing of nitrogen application influence partial factor productivity and agronomic NUE of maize (Zea mays L) planted at low and high densities on calcareous soil in northwest Pakistan. Journal of Plant Nutition 39, 683-690. DOI: 10.1080/01904167.2015.1087031.

Baral BR, Adhikari P, Shrestha J. 2015. Growth and yield response of hybrid maize (Zea  mays  L.)  to  phosphorus  levels  in  sandy  loam  soil  of  Chitwan  valley,  Nepal. International Journal of Environmental Science 4(2), 147-156.

Begizew Golla and Desalegn Chalchisa. 2018. Response of maize phenology and grain yield to various nitrogen rates and plant spacing at Bako, West Ethiopia.

Central Statistical Agency. 2016. Central Statistical Agency, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; Addis Ababa: Agricultural Sample Survey 2015/2016, Vol. 1: Area and Production of Major Crops.

Dawadi DR, Sah SK. 2012. Growth and yield of hy­brid maize (Zea mays L.) in relation to plant­ing density and nitrogen levels during winter season in Nepal. Trop Agric Res 23(3), 218-27.

FAO.  2018.  Part-3:  Feeding  the  World,  Statistical  Year  Book  of  FAO  of  United  Nation, Retrived on December 21, 2019 from http://www.fao.org/3/ %20i3107e/i3107e03.pdf.

FAOSTAT. 2016.  Statistical  Database  of  the Food  and  Agriculture  Organization  of  the United Nations. Available online: faostat3.fao. org/browse/Q/QC/E.

Gehl RJ, Schmidt JP, Maddux LD, Gordon WB. 2005. Corn yield response to nitrogen rate and timing in sandy irrigated soils. Agron. J 97, 1230-1238.

Gungula DT, Togun AO, Kling JG. 2007. The ef­fect of nitrogen rates on phenology and yield components of early maturing maize cultivars. Crop Sci 13(3), 319-24.

Hammad H, Khaliq T, Farhad W. 2011.  Optimizing rate of nitrogen application for higher yield and quality in maize under semiarid environment. Agro Climatology Laboratory, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Jat ML, Satyanarayana T, Manundar K, Parihar CM, Jat SL, Tetarwal JP, Jat RK, Saharawat YS. 2013. Indian Journal of Fertilizer  9(4), 80-94.

Karki TB. 2002. Response of maize to nitrogen, phosphorous and their interaction on maize yield. M.Sc Thesis, Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

KCG, Karki TB, Shrestha J, Achhami BB. 2015. Status and prospects of maize research in Nepal.  Journal of maize research and development 1(1), 1-9.

Khaliq T, Ahmad A, Hussain A, Ali MA. 2009. Maize hybrids response to nitrogen rates at multiple locations in semiarid environment. Pakstan Journal of Botany 41(1), 207-224.

Khan HZ, Iqbal S, Iqbal A, Akbar N, Jones DL. 2011. Response of maize (Zea mays L.) varieties to different levels of nitrogen. Crop and Environment 2(2), 15-19.

Khan S, Khan A, Jalal F, Khan M, Khan H. 2017. Dry Matter Partitioning and Harvest Index of Maize Crop as Influenced by Integration of Sheep Manure and Urea Fertilizer. Adv Crop Sci Tech 5, 276. doi: 10.4172/2329- 8863.1000276.

Lawrence JR, Ketterings QM, Cherney JH. 2008. Effect of nitrogen application on yield and quality of corn. Agronomy Journal 100(1), 73-9.

Mourice SK, Tumbo SD, Nyambilila A, Rweyemamu CL. 2015. “Modeling potential rain-fed maize productivity and yield gaps in the Wami River sub-basin, Tanzania,” Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science 65(2), 132-140.

Nuss ET, Tanumihardjo SA. 2010. Maize: a paramount staple crop in the context of global nutrition. Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety 9(4), 417-436. DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1111/j.1541-4337.2010.00117.x

Onasanya RO, Aiyelari OP, Onasanya A, Nwilene FE, Oyelakin OO. 2009. Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen and Phosphorous Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) in Southwest Nigeria. Int. J. Agric. Research 4(6), 193-203.

Raouf Seyed Sharifi and Ali Namvar. 2016. Effects of time and rate of nitrogen application on phenology and some agronomical traits of maize (Zea mays L.).

Sharma R, Adhikari P, Shrestha J, Acharya BP. 2019. Response of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids to different levels of nitrogen.  Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science 4(3), 295-299.

Szulc P, Waligóra H, Michalski T, Rybus-Zając M, Olejarski P. 2016. Efficiency of nitrogen  fertilization  based  on  the  fertilizer  application  method  and  type  of  maize  cultivar (Zea  mays  L.).  Plant, Soil  and  Environment  62(3),  135-142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17221/654/2015-PSE

Ullah AM, Bhatti A, Gurmani ZA, Imran M. 2007. Studies on planting patterns of maize facilitat­ing legumes intercropping. J Agric Res 45(2), 1-5.

Variety Registration. 2012.  Crop Variety Registration, in, CVR (Crop, Addis Ababa, 2012).

Yacob Alemayehu and Meshu Shewareg. 2015. Growth and yield response of maize (Zea mays L.) to different nitrogen rate under rain-fed condition in Dilla area, Southern Ethiopa.

Zerihun Abebe and Hailu Feyisa. 2017. Effects of Nitrogen Rates and Time of Application on Yield of Maize: Rainfall Variability Influenced Time of N Application.