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Growth stage effect on proximate composition, minerals and sugar profile of the aerial parts of some candidate cultivars of mung bean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek)

Research Paper | April 1, 2019

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Mudasir Majeed, Qasim Ali, Shahzad Ali Shahid Chatha, Abdullah Ijaz Hussain, Ghulam Mustafa Kamal, Nadeem Abbas Faisal

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Int. J. Biosci.14( 4), 442-454, April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.4.442-454


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Aim of this study to analyze the effect of maturity or growth stages effect on proximate contents (moisture, ash, crude fat, crude fiber, total dietary fiber, crude protein, total carbohydrate and caloric energy) and nutritional (sugar and mineral) composition of aerial parts (seeds, leaves and straw) of mung bean lines. Maturity caused significant variation in studied contents and increase was observed in all proximate contents except moisture and crude and total dietary fiber contents among aerial parts. Ranges of moisture contents (2.13-12.73), ash (1.08-11.4), crude fat (0.03-1.39), crude fiber (5.32-32.45), total dietary fiber (7.32-34.47), crude protein (6.34-21.05), total carbohydrate (4.31-55.67)g/100g of dry weight (DW) and caloric energy contents (71-358)kcal/100g were found in studied aerial parts. According to the index of nutritional quality, mung bean aerial parts were proved good sources of protein, fiber, carbohydrate, caloric energy, sugar and minerals especially Na (0.98-22.29), K (31-1439), Ca (56-2481),mg (19-333), P (41-374.3), Fe (0.09-12.01), Mn (0.02-6.52), Zn (0.04-1.81), Cu (0.08-1.88) and Pb (0.03-2.71)mg/100g of DW were found. Due to maturity significant variation were recorded in minerals contents among aerial parts while non-significant variation was observed for sugar contents as well as in lines of selected mung beans. Results of present study convinced that mung bean aerial parts are also rich in balanced nutrients and minerals and they should be considered as potential sources of these minerals in human and animal’s diet.


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Growth stage effect on proximate composition, minerals and sugar profile of the aerial parts of some candidate cultivars of mung bean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek)

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