International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Impact of unpuddled transplanting and crop residue mulching on the yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

By: Mohammad Mobarak Hossain, Mahfuza Begum, Md. Moshiur Rahman, Abul Hashem, Richard W. Bell

Key Words: Crop residues, Strip tillage, Unpuddled, Yield

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 18(3), 11-19, March 2021.

Certification: ijaar 2021 0230 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

On-farm research was conducted at the Gouripur upazila under Mymensingh district of Bangladesh during boro (mid November- June) season in 2013-14 and 2014-15 to evaluate the performance of unpuddled rice cultivation with crop residue retention. The rice var. BRRI dhan28 was transplanted by two tillage practices viz., puddled conventional tillage (CT) and non-puddled strip tillage (ST), and two levels of crop residues viz., “no” residue (R0) and 50% residue (R50). The experiment was devised in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Results showed no significant yield differences between tillage practices and residue levels in 2013-14. But in the following year, ST yielded higher grains (5.72t ha-1), which was about 9.36% higher compared to CT. The higher grain yield in ST leading to 22.23% higher BCR than CT. Retention of 50% residue increased yield by 3.15% over no-residue, contributing to 10.58% higher BCR. The ST combined 50% residue produced the highest grain yield (5.81 t ha-1), which was credited to obtain the highest BCR (1.06).

| Views 34 |

| Views 34 |

Impact of unpuddled transplanting and crop residue mulching on the yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Al-Kaisi M, Licht A. 2004. Effect of strip tillage on corn nitrogen uptake and residual soil nitrate accumulation compared with no-tillage and chisel plow. Agronomy Journal 96, 1164-1171.

Brammer H. 1996. The geography of the soils of Bangladesh. The 1st edition. The University Press Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh p. 287.

BRRI (Bangladesh Rice Research Institute). 2014. Modern Rice Cultivation. The 16th edition. BRRI, Joydebpur, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh pp. 5-28.

Devasinghe, DAUD, Premarathne KP, Sangakkara UR. 2011. Weed management by rice straw mulching in direct-seeded lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Tropical Agricultural Research 22(3), 263 – 272.

Govaerts B, Fuentes M, Mezzalama M, Nicol JM, Deckers J, Etchevers JD, Figueroa SB, Sayre KD. 2007. Infiltration, soil moisture, root rot and nematode populations after 12 years of different tillage, residue, and crop rotation managements. Soil and Tillage Research 94, 209-219.

Haque ME, Bell RW, Islam MA, Rahman MA. 2016. Minimum tillage unpuddled transplanting: an alternative crop establishment strategy for rice in conservation agriculture cropping systems. Field Crops Research 185, 31-39.

Holland JM. 2004. The environmental consequences of adopting conservation tillage in Europe: reviewing the evidence. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 103(1), 1-25.

Hossain MI, Sarker MJU, Haque MA. 2015. Status of conservation agriculture-based tillage technology for crop production in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 40(2), 235-248.

Hossainmm, Begum M, Rahmanmm, Hashem A. 2016. Response of T. Aman and Boro rice to residue retention under strip tillage. Bangladesh Agronomy Journal 18(2), 39-44.

Huang G, Chai Q, Feng F, Yu A. 2012. Effects of different tillage systems on soil properties, root growth, grain yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Arid Northwest China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 11(8), 1286-1296.

IRRI (International Rice Research Institute). 2014. Statistical Tool for Agricultural Research (STAR), Biometrics and Breeding Informatics, PBGB Division, IRRI, Los Baños, Laguna, The Philippines 2014.

Islam AKMS, Hossainmm, Saleque MA, Rahman MA, Karmakar B, Haque ME. 2012. Effect of minimum tillage on soil properties, crop growth and yield of aman rice in drought prone northwest Bangladesh. Bangladesh Agronomy Journal 15(1), 43-51.

Islam AKMS, Hossainmm, Saleque MA. 2014. Effect of unpuddled transplanting on the growth and yield of dry season rice (Oryza sativa L.) in High Barind Tract. The Agriculturists 12(2), 91-97.

Kaschuk G, Alberton O, Hungria M. 2010. Three decades of soil microbial biomass studies in Brazilian ecosystems: lessons learned about soil quality and indications for improving sustainability. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42, 1-13.

Kumar K, Goh KM. 2000. Crop residues and management practices: effects on soil quality, soil nitrogen dynamics, crop yield and nitrogen recovery. Advances in Agronomy 68, 198-209.

Liu EK, Zhao BQ, Mei XR, So HB, Li J, Li XY. 2010. Effects of no-tillage management on soil biochemical characteristics in northern China. The Journal of Agricultural Science 148(2), 217-223.

Miah MAM, Islam MS, Miah MTH. 2002. Socio-economic impacts of farm mechanization on the livelihoods of rural labourers in Bangladesh. Journal of Farm Economics 12, 147-162.

Mvumi C, Ndoro O, Manyiwo SA. 2017. Conservation agriculture, conservation farming and conventional tillage adoption, efficiency and economic benefits in semi-arid Zimbabwe. African Journal of Agricultural Research 12(19), 1629-1638.

Perrin R, Winkelmann D, Moscardi E, Anderson J. 1988. The partial budget. In: From Agronomic Data to Farmer Recommendations: An Economic Training Manual (Ed Cassaday, K.). CIMMYT, Mexico. 2008, pp. 13-20.

Pittelkowcm, Liang X, Linquist BA, Van Groenigen KJ, Lee J, Lundy ME, van Gestel N, Six J, Venterea RT, van Kessel C. 2015. Productivity limits and potentials of the principles of conservation agriculture. Nature 517, 365-368.

Price GJ. 1985. Economic analysis of agricultural projects. The World Bank, Economic Development Institute. Washington D. C. 76, 119-168.

Qi YB, Huang B, Darilek JL. 2011. Impacts of agricultural land management on soil quality after 24 years: a case study in Zhangjiagang County, China. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research   54(4), 261-273.

Qin SP, He XH, Hu CS, Zhang YM, Dong WX. 2010: Responses of soil chemical and microbial indicators to conservational tillage versus traditional tillage in the North China Plain. European Journal of Soil Biology 46, 243-247.

Safdar ME, Noorka IR, Tanveer A, Tariq SA, Rauf S. 2013. Growth and yield of advanced breeding lines of medium grain rice as influenced by different transplanting dates. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 23(1), 227-231.

Sayre KD, Hoobs P. 2004. The raised-bed system of cultivation for irrigated production conditions. In: Lal R, Hobbs PR, Norman U, Hansen DO Eds. Sustainable agriculture and the intonational rice-wheat system, CRC Press pp. 337-355.

Sharma P, Abrol V, Sharma RK. 2011. Impact of tillage and mulch management on economics, energy requirement and crop performance in maize–wheat rotation in rainfed sub humid Inceptisols, India. European Journal of Agronomy 34, 46-51.

Shrivastav N, Basnet KB, Amgain LP, Karki TB, Khatri N. 2015. Weed dynamics and productivity of spring maize under different tillage and weed management methods. Azarian Journal of Agriculture 2(5), 118-122.

Singh A, Kumar R, Kang JS. 2014. Tillage system, crop residues and nitrogen to improve the productivity of direct seeded rice and transplanted rice. Current Agriculture Research Journal 2(1), 14-29.

Thomas GA, Titmarsh GW, Freebairn DM, Radford BJ. 2007. No-tillage and conservation farming practices in grain growing areas of Queensland-a review of 40 years of development. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 47, 887-898.

USDA (United States Department of Agriculture). 1979. Conversion Factors and Weights and Measures for Agricultural Commodities and Their Products. Economic Research Service Agricultural Handbook. The National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Statistical Bulletin No. 616, 1979. Available online at: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/154304/files/sb616.pdf. Accessed: August 16, 2018.

Wiatrak PJ, Wright DL, Marois JJ. 2005. Evaluation of strip tillage on weed control, plant morphology, and yield of glyphosate-resistant cotton. The Journal of Cotton Science 9, 10-14.

Zheng C, Jiang Y, Chen C, Sun Y, Feng J, Deng A, Song Z, Zhang W. 2014. The impacts of conservation agriculture on crop yield in China depend on specific practices, crops and cropping regions. The Crop Journal 2(5), 289-296.

Mohammad Mobarak Hossain, Mahfuza Begum, Md. Moshiur Rahman, Abul Hashem, Richard W. Bell.
Impact of unpuddled transplanting and crop residue mulching on the yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 18(3), 11-19, March 2021.
https://innspub.net/ijaar/impact-of-unpuddled-transplanting-and-crop-residue-mulching-on-the-yield-of-rice-oryza-sativa-l/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update