International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effects of consumption of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) seeds on nutritional characteristics and average values of serum metabolites in rat

By: Rosemonde Affouet Yao, Marcel N’Dri Kassé, Alassane Méité, Patricia Amenan Kouadio, Koffi Barthélemy Attioua, Jules Marius Kacou Djétouan, Hermann Kouamé Yéboué, Ernest Kouakou Amoikon

Key Words: Wistar rat, Germinated, bambara groundnut seeds, Nutritional value, Serum metabolites.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(3), 427-435, March 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.3.427-435

Certification: ijb 2020 0057 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Protein-energy malnutrition is a major public health problem for developing countries like Côte d’Ivoire. Promotion of local agricultural products, especially bambara groundnut seeds, could help to improve nutritional status of populations affected by this scourge. It is in this framework that current study was initiated in order to determine effects of consumption of powders from dried and germinated bambara groundnut seeds on growth and mean values of serum biochemical parameters in rats. A twenty-one day animal experiment was carried out with twenty-one growing male wistar rats, divided into three batches of seven rats. Animals were subjected to three diets of 10% protein, using herring fish powder for control diet (TP), dried seed powders (PBS) and germinated (PBG) of bambara groundnut. At the end of the experiment, body weight gain of rats subjected to PBS (0.85±0.32g) and PBG (1.66±0.67g) are lower than rats consuming fish powder (TP:2.40±0.35g). Likewise, dry matter ingested by rats under PBS (7.96±1.61g) and PBG (9.19±1.37g) are lower than control rats (10.20±1.82g). Compared to control rats (1.02±0.18g), total protein ingested by rats under PBS (0.80±0.16g) and PBG (0.92±0.14g) are also lower. Same goes for food and protein efficiency ratios. Concerning mean serum values of total proteins, rats fed with PBS (71±2.65g/L) and PBG (73.67±14.15g/L) have lower values than control rats (TP:79±3.61g/L). Those of triglycerides, total-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol are significantly higher (p≤0.05). However, PBG diet has better values than PBS (P≤0.05). All results suggest that bambara groundnut seeds could be used as foods of good nutritional values.

| Views 41 |

| Views 41 |

Effects of consumption of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) seeds on nutritional characteristics and average values of serum metabolites in rat

Amoikon KE, Kouame KG, Kati-Coulibaly S. 2012. Effect of chromium and proteins diets in rats. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences 2(2), 1-8.

http://www.ijpaes.com/admin/php/uploads/151_pdf.pdf

Anhwange BA, Atoo GH. 2015. Proximate Composition of Indigenous Bambara nuts (Vigna subterranean (L.) Verdc). Journal of Pure and Applied Science 2(1), 11-16.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273886170_Proximate_Composition_of_Indigenous_Bambara_nuts_Vigna_subterranean_L_Verdc

https://www.academia.edu/11571182/Proximate_Composition_of_Indigenous_Bambara_nuts_Vigna_subterranean_L._Verdc_

Aremu MO, Ibrahim H. 2014. Mineral Content of Some Plant Foods Grown in Nigeria: A Review. Food Science and Quality Management 29, 73-89.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316547094_Mineral_content_of_some_plant_foods_grown_in_Nigeria_A_Review

Bintu BP, Falmata AS, Maryam BK, Zainab MA, Modu S. 2017. Effect of feeding complementary diet blends formulated from Zea mays l. (maize), Vigna unguiculatal.Walp (cowpea), Voandzeia subterranean (l.) verdc (bambara nut) and Arachis hypogea l. (groundnut) on weaning rats. African Journal of Food Science and Technology 8(5), 099-107.

https://doi.org/10.14303/ajfst.2017.114

El-Sebeay AS, Hafez LM. 2018. Chemical and biological evaluation of some products from quinoa-based blends for celiac disease. Alexendria Journal of Food Science and technology 15(1), 23-34.

https://ajfs.journals.ekb.eg/article_16346_7724cc2557591560be56890b83892caa.pdf

Ewuola GO, Ibironke SI, Fashakin JB. 2015. Formulation and Nutritional Evaluation of Maize, Bambara Groundnut and Cowpea Seeds Blends Complementary Food. American Journal of Food and Nutrition 3(4), 101-105.

http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajfn-3-4-2

http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajfn/3/4/2

FAO. 2009. La situation mondiale de l’alimentation et de l’agriculture. Rome, 202p.

http://www.fao.org/3/i0680f/i0680f.pdf

Fasoyiro S, Yudi W, Taiwo KA. 2012. Processing and Utilization of Legumes in the Tropics – In book: Trends in Vital Food and Control Engineering. Book edited by Ayman Hafiz Amer Eissa, ISBN: 978-953-51- 0449-0.

https://www.intechopen.com/books/trends-in-vital-food-and-control-engineering/processing-and-utilization-of-legumes-in-the-tropics

Fouré J, Bénassy-Quéré A, Fontagné L. 2013. Modelling the world economy at the 2050 horizon. Economics of Transition 21(4), 617-654.

https://doi.org/10.1111/ecot.12023

Garcin H, Higueret P, Amoikon KE. 1984. Effect of large dose of retinol or retinoid acid on thyroid hormones in the rats. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism Journal 28, 92-100.

https://doi.org/10.1159/000176788

Laminu HH, Sheriff M, Bintu BP, Muhammad AA. 2014. Evaluation of the protein quality of composite meals produced from selected cereals and legumes of infants. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science 4(11), 536-542.

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Hauwa_Laminu/publication/270049836_Evaluation_of_the_Protein_Quality_of_Composite_Meals_produced_from_Selected_Cereals_and_Legumes_for_infants/links/549ee4890cf257a635fe6fa9/Evaluation-of-the-Protein-Quality-of-Composite-Meals-produced-from-Selected-Cereals-and-Legumes-for-infants.pdf

Lin CC, Huang PC. 2000. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of Acathopanax senticosus. Phytotherapy Research 14(7), 489-494.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099-1573(200011)14:7<489::aid-ptr656>3.0.co;2-g

Ndiang Z, Bell JM, Missoup AD, Fokam PE, Amougou A. 2012. Étude de la variabilité morphologique de quelques variétés de voandzou [Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc] au Cameroun. Journal of Applied Biosciences 60, 4410-4420.

http://www.m.elewa.org/JABS/2012/60/4.pdf

Olaiya OC, Soetan KO, Akinsulie OC, Tijani MO. 2017. Studies on haematology, serum chemistry and histology of liver and kidneys of male wistar strain albino rats fed graded levels of raw pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds. Ecronicon Nutrition 8(3), 75-84.

https://www.ecronicon.com/ecnu/pdf/ECNU-0800265.pdf

Olapade AA, Aworh OC. 2012. Chemical and nutritional evaluation of extruded complementary foods from blends of fonio (Digitaria exilis Stapf) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) Flours. International Journal of Food and Nutrition Science 1(3), 4-9.

http://researchpub.org/journal/ijfns/number/vol1-no3/vol1-no3-1.pdf

ONU. 2017. World Population Prospects: the 2017 revision, key findings and advance tables. Work document no. ESA/P/WP/248. New York (USA).

https://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/world-population-prospects-the-2017-revision.html

Osho SM. 2003. The processing and acceptability of a cassava based product (gari) with Soybean. Nutrition and Food Science 33(6), 278-283.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00346650310507118

Pahane MM, Tatsadjieu LN, Bernard C, Njtintang NY. 2017. Production, nutritional and biological value of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) milk and yoghurt. Journal of food measurement and characterization, 11 p.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11694-017-9541-2

Paśko P, Zagrodzki P, Bartoń H, Chłopicka J, Gorinstein SH. 2010. Effect of Quinoa seeds (Chenopodium quinoa) in diet on some biochemical parameters and essential elements in blood of high fructose-fed rats. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 65(4), 333-338.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-010-0197-x

Takao T, Watanabe N, Yuhara K, Itoh S, Suda S, Tsuruoka Y, Nakatsugawa K, Konishi Y, 2005. Hypocholesterolemic effect of protein isolated from quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) seeds. Food Science and Technology Research 11(2), 161-167.

https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.11.161

Rosemonde Affouet Yao, Marcel N’Dri Kassé, Alassane Méité, Patricia Amenan Kouadio, Koffi Barthélemy Attioua, Jules Marius Kacou Djétouan, Hermann Kouamé Yéboué, Ernest Kouakou Amoikon.
Effects of consumption of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) seeds on nutritional characteristics and average values of serum metabolites in rat.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(3), 427-435, March 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/effects-consumption-bambara-groundnut-vigna-subterranea-l-verdcourt-seeds-nutritional-characteristics-average-values-serum-metabolites-rat/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update