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Impact of boron nutrition on phenology, growth and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.)

Research Paper | August 1, 2020

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Muhammad Ali, Amjed Ali, Muhammad Adnan, Muhammad Ehsan Safdar, Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Arshad Javed, Waseem Hassan, Athar Mahmood, Tauseef Iqbal

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.17( 2), 113-120, August 2020


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Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most essential cereal crops in Pakistan after wheat and rice. it is used as staple food all over the world because having excellent nutritive value as food for human being as well as feed for live-stock. An experiment was carried out at College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha to assess the impact of boron nutrition on growth, phenology and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). The experiment was laid out in randomize complete block design with 3 replications. Five different boron levels (0, 3, 6, 9 and 12kg ha-1) were applied on maize (YSM-112). The data regarding days taken to 50% emergence, days taken to 50% tasseling, days taken to maturity, leaf area index, total dry matter (TDM)kg ha-1, plant height (cm), number of cobs per plant, cob diameter (cm), cob length (cm), number of grain rows per cob, number of grains per cob, 1000 grain weight (g), grain yield (kg ha-1) and harvest index (%) was taken by using the standard procedures and analyzed statistically by using statistix 8.1. The results indicated that maximum value of leaf area index (5.68), total dry matter (TDM) (11097.76g ha-1), plant height (187.68cm), number of cobs per plant (2.21), cob diameter (3.13cm), cob length (16.07cm), number of grain rows per cob (16.51), number of grains per cob (440.52), 1000 grain weight (282.73g), grain yield (4518.25kg ha-1) and harvest index (32.68%) were observed when boron was applied @ 12kg ha-1. Therefore, it is concluded that application of boron @ 12kg ha-1 is better to improve the maize production under agro climatic conditions of Sargodha.


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Impact of boron nutrition on phenology, growth and yield of Maize (Zea mays L.)

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