Impact of planting date and row spacing on growth, yield and quality of Soybean; A Review
Anderson LR, Vasilas BL. 1985. Effects of planting date on two soybean cultivars: seasonal dry matter accumulation and seed yield. Crop Science 25, 999-1004.
Andrade FH, Calvino P, Cirilo A, Barbieri P. 2002. Yield responses to narrow rows depend on increased radiation interception. Agronomy Journal 94, 975-980. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj 2002.
Berger-Doyle J, Zhang B, Smith SF, Chen P. 2014. Planting date, irrigation, and row spacing effects on agronomic traits of food-grade soybean. Advances in Crop Science and Technology 44, 46-57.
Bertram MG, Pedersen P. 2004. Adjusting management practices using glyphosate-resistant soybean cultivars. Agronomy Journal 96, 462-468. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.4620
Board JE, Harville BG, Saxton AM. 1990. Narrow-row seed-yield enhancement in determinate soybean. Agronomy Journal 82, 64-68.
Board JE, Harville BG. 1992. Explanations for greater light interception in narrow-vs. wide-row. Crop Science 32, 198-202. https://doi.org/ 10.2135 /cropsci1992.0011183X003200010041x
Board JE, Kahlon CS. 2013. Morphological responses to low plant population differ between soybean genotypes. Crop Science 53, 1109-1119. https ://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2012.04.0255
Board JE, Kang MS, Harville BG. 1999. Path analyses of the yield formation process for late-planted soybean. Agronomy Journal 91, 128-135.
Bullock D, Khan S, Rayburn A. 1998. Soybean yield response to narrow rows is largely due to enhanced early growth. Crop Science 38, 1011-1016. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1998.0011183X003800040021x
Calvino PA, Sadras VO, Andrade FH. 2003. Quantification of environmental and management effects on the yield of late-sown soybean. Field Crops Research 83, 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00062-5
Calvino PA, Sadras VO. 1999. Interannual variation in soybean yield: interaction among rainfall, soil depth and crop management. Field Crops Research 63, 237-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/ S037 8- 4290(99)00040-4
Chauhan BS, Johnson DE. 2010. Implications of narrow crop row spacing and delayed Echinochloa colona and Echinochloa crus-galli emergence for weed growth and crop yield loss in aerobic rice. Field Crops Research 117, 177-182.
Clifton-Brown J, Schwarz KU, Hastings A. History of the development of Miscanthus as a bioenergy crop: from small beginnings to potential realisation. In Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (2015; Vol. 115, No. 1, pp. 45-57). Royal Irish Academy.
De Bruin JL, Pedersen P. 2008. Effect of row spacing and seeding rate on soybean yield. Agronomy Journal 100, 704-710.
Dornbos DL, Mullen RE. 1992. Soybean seed protein and oil contents and fatty acid composition adjustments by drought and temperature. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society 69(3), 228-231.
Egbe OM. 2010. Effects of plant density of intercropped soybean with tall sorghum on competitive ability of soybean and economic yield at Otobi, Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 1, 1-10.
Egli DB, Bruening W. 1992. Planting date and soybean yield: evaluation of environmental effects with a crop simulation model: SOYGRO. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 62(2), 19-29. https://doi. org/ 10. 1016/0168-1923(92)90003-M
Egli DB, Bruening W. 2000. Potential of early-maturing soybean cultivars in late plantings. Agronomy Journal 92(3), 532-537. https ://doi.org/ 10.2134 /agronj2000.923532x
Egli DB, Cornelius PL. 2009. A regional analysis of the response of soybean yield to planting date. Agronomy Journal 101, 330-335. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2008.0148
Elmore RW. 1998. Soybean cultivar responses to row spacing and seeding rates in rainfed and irrigated environments. Journal of production agriculture 11, 326-331. https://doi.org/10.2134/jpa1998.0326
Endres JG. 2001. Soy protein products: characteristics, nutritional aspects, and utilization. AOCS Publishing.
Farnham DE. 2001. Row spacing, plant density, and hybrid effects on corn grain yield and moisture. Agronomy Journal 93, 1049-1053. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2001.9351049x
Franklin KA, Whitelam GC. 2005. Phytochromes and shade-avoidance responses in plants. Annals of botany 96, 169-175.
Hamman B, Egli DB, Koning G. 2002. Seed vigor, soil borne pathogens, pre-emergent growth, and soybean seedling emergence. Crop Science 42, 451-457. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2002.4510
Heatherly LG. 1988. Planting date, row spacing, and irrigation effects on soybean grown on clay soil. Agronomy Journal 80, 227-231.
Hoeft RG, Aldrich SR, Nafziger ED. 2000 Johnson RR. Modern corn and soybean production.
Holshouser DL, Whittaker JP. 2002. Plant population and row-spacing effects on early soybean production systems in the Mid-Atlantic USA. Agronomy Journal 94, 603-611. https:// doi.org/ 10.2134/agronj2002.6030
Hymowitz T. 1990. Soybeans: The success story. Advances in New Crops 18, 159-163.
Kahlon CS, Board JE. 2012. Growth dynamic factors explaining yield improvement in new versus old soybean cultivars. Journal of Crop Improvement 26, 282-299. https://doi.org/10.1080 /15427528.2011.637155
Khubele K. 2015. Effect of Varieties and Row Spacings on Growth, Yield Attributes and Productivity of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] (M.Sc., Thesis), Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior (MP), India.
Lambert DM, Lowenberg-DeBoer J. 2003. Economic analysis of row spacing for corn and soybean. Agronomy Journal 95, 564-573. https:// doi.org/ 10.2134/agronj2003.5640
Lee CD. 2006. Reducing row spacing to increase yield: Why it doesn’t always work. Online. Crop Management.
Loomis RS, Connor DJ. 1992. Crop Ecology: Productivity and management in agricultural systems. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Lueschen WE, Ford JH, Evans SD, Kanne BK, Hoverstad TR, Randall GW, Hicks DR. 1992. Tillage, row spacing, and planting date effects on soybean following corn or wheat. Journal of production agriculture 5, 254-260. https://doi.org/ 10.2134/jpa1992.0254
Meyer DW, Badaruddin M. 2001. Frost tolerance of ten seedling legume species at four growth stages. Crop Science 41, 1838-1842. https://doi.org/ 10.2135/cropsci2001.1838
Oplinger ES, Philbrook BD. 1992. Soybean planting date, row width, and seeding rate response in three tillage systems. Journal of Production Agriculture 5, 94-99.
Paszkiewicz S. 1997. Narrow row width influence on corn yield. In Proceedings 51st Annual Corn and Sorghum Research Conference; Chicago, IL. American Seed Trade Association, Washington, DC, 130-138.
Pedersen P, Lauer JG. 2003. Corn and soybean response to rotation sequence, row spacing, and tillage system. Agronomy Journal 95, 965-971. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2003.9650
Pedersen P, Lauer JG. 2004. Response of soybean yield components to management system and planting date. Agronomy Journal 96, 1372-1381. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.1372
Porter PM, Hicks DR, Lueschen WE, Ford JH, Warnes DD, Hoverstad TR. 1997. Corn response to row width and plant population in the northern corn belt. Journal of Production Agriculture 10, 293-300. https://doi.org/10.2134/jpa1997.0293
Rehan J. 2002. Effect of planting patterns on growth and yield of different legumes (M.Sc., Thesis), Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Rehman M, Khaliq T, Ahmad A, Wajid SA, Rasul F, Hussain, Hussain S. 2014. Effect of planting time and cultivar on soybean performance in Semi–Arid Punjab, Pakistan. Global Journal. of Science Frontier Research: Agriculture and Veterinary 14, 3-1.
Robinson AP, Conley SP, Volenec JJ, Santini JB. 2009. Analysis of high yielding, early-planted soybean in Indiana. Agronomy Journal 101, 131-139. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2008.0014x
Sadras VO. 2007. Evolutionary aspects of the trade-off between seed size and number in crops. Field Crops Research 100, 125-138.
Sangoi L, Ender M, Guidolin AF, Almeida MLD, Heberle PC. 2001. Influence of row spacing reduction on maize grain yield in regions with a short summer. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 36, 861-869. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X20010003
Sweeney DW, Granade GV, Burton RO. 1995. Early and traditionally maturing soybean varieties grown in two planting systems. Journal of production agriculture 8, 373-379. https://doi.org/10.213 4/jpa1
Taylor HM, Mason WK, Bennie ATP, Rowse HR. 1982. Responses of soybeans to two row spacings and two soil water levels. I. An analysis of biomass accumulation, canopy development, solar radiation interception and components of seed yield. Field Crops Research 5, 1-14. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/0378-4290(82)90002-8
Trostle R. 2010. Global agricultural supply and demand: factors contributing to the recent increase in food commodity prices. rev. Diane Publishing.
Vonk J. 2014. Yield response of soybean to planting date and row spacing in Illinois. (M.Sc., Thesis), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Weaver DB, Akridge RL, Thomas CA. 1991. Growth habit, planting date, and row-spacing effects on late-planted soybean. Crop Science 31, 805-810. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1991.0011183X003100030052x
Wrather JA, Koenning SR, Anderson TR. 2003. Effect of diseases on soybean yields in the United States and Ontario (1999 to 2002). Plant Health Progress 4, 24-29. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-2003-0325-01-RV
Yari L, Daryaei F, Sadeghi H. 2015. Evaluation of seed size and NaCl stress on germination and early seedling growth of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 7, 60-65.