Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | April 5, 2023

| Download 49

Impact of the cereal-legume cultural association on maize production in the same plot: maize-cowpea example

Gorgui Diouf, Ablaye Faye, Mbacké Sembéne

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.22( 4), 16-22, April 2023

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/22.4.16-22


IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]


Zea mays L. is a highly developed cereal in the world. In Africa, particularly in Senegal, maize production has been low. To help improve its production, a study with the overall objective of food and nutritional security was conducted, particularly in the municipalities of Keur Mandongo and Keur Madiabel. A specific objective consisting in evaluating the impact of the maize-cowpea association on maize was necessary in this study. For its implementation, a good methodology has been adopted. This first consisted of sowing cowpea on maize rows ten days after sowing. Then, yield squares (eight per hectare) with sides of five meters were installed at plot level. Finally, the average weight of the ears (five to ten) of the squares of each plot made it possible to determine the yield by a formula which was used. In total, the results of the associated plots were acceptable, especially for the 2019-2020 campaign, i.e. a yield of 932.5 kg per hectare. The average yield of the controls was 1184.530 kg. On the other hand, for that 2020-2021, the results were nil, i.e. a yield of 0.00 kg per hectare. At the end of this study, the maize-cowpea association was recommended in order to safeguard food and nutritional security in maize in the study area, in Senegal and everywhere else in the world.


Copyright © 2023
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Impact of the cereal-legume cultural association on maize production in the same plot: maize-cowpea example

BEDE. 2014. Peasant seeds in West Africa. Journal of the 4th West African Farmers’ Seed Fair. www.bede-asso.org – 0033 4 67 65 45 12. www.aspsp-senegal.org – 00221 33 95 100 46. Djimini, Senegal. p.20.

Barro A. 2014. Effects of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) sowing density and shift in date on the agronomic performance of the maize (Zea mays L/)/cowpea association in real cropping situations in the villages of Koumbia and Gombeledougou (Burkina Faso). Master’s thesis in Plant Production. Technical University of Bobo-Dioulasso, Institute of Rural Development 21 p, 24-29 p.

CGAAER. 2017. Support for Senegal in its reflection on the creation of Chambers of Agriculture and agricultural and rural development. Report no. 16101. 34 p.

Coulibaly K, Sedogo PM. 2012. Performance technico-économique des associations maïs/niébé et maïs/mucuna en situation réelle de culture au Burkina Faso : Technical and economic performance of maize/cowpea and maize/mucuna associations in a real cropping situation in Burkina Faso: potentials and constraints. International Center for Research and Development on Livestock in the Subhumid Zone (CIRDES), 01 B.P. 454, Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso. Center for International Cooperation in Agronomic Research for Development (CIRAD), Montpellier, France. TA 30/B 34398 Montpellier, Cedex 5, France. Center for International Cooperation in Agronomic Research for Development (CIRAD), Montpellier, France. TA 01/07 34398 Montpellier, Cedex 5, France. Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA), 01 B.P. 476, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso. p.8

CIRAD. 2011. Production and development of maize at the village level in West Africa, 15 p.

CILSS. 2004. Consumption standards of the main food products in the CILSS countries. EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT: 03 BP 7049 Ouagadougou 03 BURKINA FASO. Such. (226) 50 37 41 25/26/27/28/29 Fax: (226) 50 37 41 32 Email: cilss@fasonet.bf Website: www.cilssnet.org  AGRHYMET REGIONAL CENTER: BP 11011 Niamey, NIGER. Tel (227) 73 31 16 / 73 24 36 Fax: (227) 73 24 35 Email: admin@agrhymet.ne  Website: www.agrhymet.ne   SAHEL INSTITUTE: BP 1530 Bamako, MALI. Tel: (223) 222 21 48 / 223 02 37 Fax: (223) 222 23 37 / 222 59 80 Email: dginsah@agrosoc.insah.ml Website: www.insah.org

FAO, ECOWAS Commission. 2018. National Gender Profile of Agriculture and Rural Development Sectors – Senegal. Country Gender Assessment Series, Dakar. 108 p.

FEM, PNUD. 2017. Strengthening Environmental Sustainability and Resilience of Food Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa: Options and Possibilities. 152 p. www.undp.org/africa/privatesector

FAO. 2012. Catalog of species and varieties of food crops of community interest in the CEMAC area. ISBN 978-92-5-107193-8, 68 p.

FAO. (CICIAV). 2010. Nutrition profile of Senegal. Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division. 64 p.

Maliki R. 2017. Combined effect of NPK and three different plant-based mulches on maize production and soil fertility in southern Benin. Benin Agricultural Research Bulletin – Special Issue Food Technology & Food Security (TA & SA) – December 2017. p. 10-26. ISSN on paper (on hard copy): 1025-2355 and ISSN online (on line): 1840-7099.

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Equipment, 2012. Official catalog of species and varieties cultivated in Senegal, 1st edition August 2012. p 69-76, 212 p.

NDIONE Y. 2010. Impact of agricultural policies on food security in Senegal.

Ndoye F. 2001. Evolution of food styles in Dakar. ENDA-GRAF, CIRAD. Cirad Master’s thesis, Option: Economic Analysis and Policy. Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Faculty of Economics and Management. p, 68 2001 ISBN 2-87614-445-X. p.63.

Robin M. 2012. Feeding Humanity: Film: Harvests of the Future. http://www.arte.tv/fr/les-moissons-du-futur/6815836.html10p.

SOKHNA C. 2018. Evaluation of hybrid maize varieties under growing conditions in the southern groundnut basin of Senegal. Thesis of Works Engineer at the Higher Institute of Agricultural and Rural Training (ISFAR Ex ENCR), p.49. Plant Production Department. University of Thies

Senegal. 2002. Integrated framework: diagnostic study of trade integration. 47 p.