Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | October 1, 2015

VIEWS 3
| Download 2

Impact of underground coal mining on surface water and ground water quality

Sana Akhtar, Maryam Khalid, Almas Hamid

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(4), 23-33, October 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Groundwater contamination and depletion resulting from underground coal mining activities is a worldwide environmental problem. The pumping of groundwater from flooded columns during underground coal mining deteriorates the quality of water and also depletes it. Heavy metals occurring in the earth’s crust naturally can interact with water. Direct interaction of water with naturally occurring heavy metals in earth’s crust or coal can contaminate water. Groundwater and surface water samples around coal mine area, located at Kallar Kahar, Pakistan were analyzed for Zinc, Cadmium, Lead, Iron, Manganese, Chromium, Nickel, Mercury and Copper concentrations. The analysis showed that the concentration of Iron as compared to other heavy metals was higher. The concentration of Cadmium and Copper was also noticeably high. Copper concentration in water samples ranged from 4.7ppm to 7.8ppm while the concentration of cadmium ranged from 0ppm to 10ppm. All samples contained lead ranging from 0.006ppm to 0.027ppm. Whereas Chromium and Zinc was below detectable limit. No trace of manganese was found in any of the groundwater and surface water samples collected from the mines and the pond. Monitoring wells should be established in the surrounding area to check the contamination of groundwater and instead of coal cleaner fuels should be considered to reduce the need for coal mining.

VIEWS 3

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Impact of underground coal mining on surface water and ground water quality

Alligui F, Boutaleb A. 2010. Impact of mercury mine activities on water resources at Azzaba-North-East of Algeria. American Journal of Environmental Sciences 6, 395-401. http://dx.doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2010.395 401.

Chandra A, Jain MK. 2013. Evaluation of heavy metals contamination due to overburden leachate in groundwater of Coal Mining Area. Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences 3(3), 2317-2322.

Fitzgerald T. 2000 Kentucky Resources Council Inc 47, 451-460.

Groudev S, Georgiev P, Spasova I, Nicolova M. (2008) Bioremediation of acid mine drainage in a uranium deposit. Hydrometallurgy 94, 93-99.

Malkani MS. 2012. A review of coal and water resources of Pakistan. Science, Technology and Development 31(3), 202-218.

Private Power & Infrastructure Board. 2004. “Pakistan Coal Power Generation Potential”.

Reza R, Singh G. 2010. Assessment of heavy metal contamination and its indexing approach for River Water. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology 7(4), 785-792.

Sangodoyin AY. 1991. Groundwater and surface water pollution by open refuse dump in Ibadan, Nigeria. International Journal of Discoveries and Innovations 3(1), 24-31.

Saria L, Shimaoka T, Miyawaki K. 2006. Leaching of Heavy Metals in Acid Mine Drianage. Waste Mangement and Research 24(2), 134-40.

Tiwary RK, Dhar BB. 1994. Environmental pollution from coal mining activities in the Damodar river basin.

Howladar MF. 2012. Coal mining impacts on water environs around the Barapukuria coal mining area, Environmental Earth Sciences 70, 215-226.

Adaikpoh EO, Nwajei GE, Ogala JE. 2005. Heavy Metals Concentrations in Coal and Sediments from River Ekulu in Enugu, Coal City of Nigeria, Journal of applied science and environmental management 9(3), 5 – 8.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background