Improvement in nutrient contents of maize (Zea mays L.) by sulfur modulation under salt stress

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Research Paper 01/05/2018
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Improvement in nutrient contents of maize (Zea mays L.) by sulfur modulation under salt stress

Alia Riffat, Muhammad Sajid Aqeel Ahmad
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.12( 5), 100-117, May 2018.
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A key factor under saline conditions is the disturbance of osmotic potential that results in imbalance of nutrients in plants, while the application of sulfur not only improves the growth and nutrient status, but also improves the salt tolerance in plants. Thus, a study was carried out to determine the role of sulfur in salt tolerance of crop plants. The seeds of maize were sown in plastic pots filled with sand. Three levels of salinity (25, 50, 75 mM) and five levels of sulfur (20, 40, 60, 80, 100 mM) were applied at sowing time. Various growth parameters and nutrient contents were studied. The results showed that sulfur at 60 and 80 mM improved shoot and root length, fresh and dry weights, nutrient contents (K+, Ca2+, NO3, PO43-, SO42- ,Ca2+/Na+, K+/Na+) and lowered Na+ ions at all levels of salinity. For the determination of variation in salt tolerance potential, the phylogenetic tree was constructed by NTSys PC. Distance matrix showed that Agaitti 2003 and Pearl Basic showed high improvement in salt tolerance by sulfur application and showed more improvement in growth and nutrient contents in maize under salt stress conditions. While sulfur application has not much improved growth and nutrient contents in Pak Afgoi 2003 and Hybrid 1898 showing salt sensitivity as compared to other cultivars studied. In curx, sulfur application (60, 80 mM) has pronounced role in developing salt tolerance potential in maize cultivars by improving plant growth and nutrient contents.


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