Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2014

VIEWS 7
| Download 5

Influence of intercropped groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) on the performance of weed control treatments in maize production

S.T.O. Lagoke, E. Eni, J. A. Adigun, B. B. Phillip

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5(6), 1-8, December 2014

Certification:

IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Field trials were conducted in 2007 and 2008 early and late wet seasons, respectively at the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta (070 20`N, 30 23`E) in the forest-savanna transition agroecological zone of South-western Nigeria. Five weed control treatments viz pre-emergence application of commercial formulation of metolachlor plus prometryne (Codal GoldR, 412 EC) at 1.6kg a.i/ha alone, 1.6kg a.i/ha followed by supplementary hoe weeding at 6 weeks after planting (WAP), 2.4kg a.i/ha, two hoe weedings at 3 and 6 WAP and a weedy check were assigned to the main plots while intercropping methods which included four combinations of groundnuts between rows of maize spaced at 50cm and 75cm, as well as sole crops of maize and groundnut constituted the sub-plot treatments. Intercropped groundnut significantly suppressed weed infestation compared with the sole crops of maize and groundnut. Weed infestation was consistently lower in maize planted at intrarow spacing of 75cm in mixture with three groundnut stands in the inter-row between two maize stands and maize planted at 50cm in similar mixture with two groundnut stands compared with the other cropping methods. In both years of study, maximum cob and grain yields were obtained with sole maize spaced at 50cm within rows. Intercropped maize at 75cm produced grain yield comparable to the corresponding sole crop in both years. Intercropped groundnut in maize spaced at 50cm significantly reduced grain yield of maize in 2007 and non-significantly in 2008 compared to the corresponding sole crop. All the weed control methods evaluated resulted in significantly lower weed cover score than the weedy check.

VIEWS 7

Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Influence of intercropped groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) on the performance of weed control treatments in maize production

Adebomi OO. 2008. Effect of intercropped groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) density on the performance of weed control treatments in maize (Zea mays L.) production B.Sc. Project, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria 25-30.

Adigun JA, Lagoke STO, Karikari SA. 1992. Weed interference in transplanted sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Samaru Journal of Agricultural Reasearch 9, 49-61.

Adigun JA, Lagoke STO. 1999. Weed control in maize with various herbicide combinations in the Northern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Botany 12, 79-84

Adigun JA. 2002. Weed management with various herbicide combinations in maize-groundnut intercrop. Nigerian Journal of Crop Protection 20, 13-23.

Adigun JA, Lagoke STO. 2003. Weed management with various herbicide combinations in a maize-groundnut intercrop. Nigerian Journal of Plant Protection 20, 12-23.

Akobundu IO. 1987. Weed  Science  in  Tropics: Principle and Practice. John Wiley and Sons, 522 p.

Badmus AA. 2005. Effect of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) intercrop on weed control in maize (Zea mays) production M.Sc. Thesis, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, 90-101.

Badmus AA, Lagoke STO, Adigun  JA, Okeleye KA. 2006. Effects of intercropped groundnut and weed control methods on maize production in south western Nigeria. ASSET Series 6(1), 289-269.

Chikoye D, Ekeleme F, Udensi EU. 2001. Cogon grass suppression by intercropping cover crops in corn/cassava systems. Weed Science 49, 653-667.

Chikoye D, Ekeleme F. 2001. Growth characteristics of ten Mucuna accessions and their effect on dry matter of speargrass. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 18, 191-201.

Choudhary AH, Lagoke STO. 1985. Evaluation of herbicides and herbicide mixtures for weed control in groundnut in Northern Nigeria. Samaru Journal of Agricultural Research 1 & 2, 19 – 20.

FAOSTAT 2011. http://www.faostat.fao.org/site /567/ desktopdefault.aspx

Giwa MB. 2007. Effect of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) intercrop on weed control in maize (Zea mays L.) production. B.Sc. Project, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, 22-30.

IITA. 2000. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. Maize Improvement Programme  Research Report, Ibadan, Nigeria.

IITA. 2009. http://www.iita.org/maize (accessed on February 20, 2012).

 

Isah KM. 2002. Management of Striga hermonthica (Dee) Barth as influenced by maize variety and spacing, split application of compound fertilizer and legume intercrop. M.Agric.Thesis, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, 51-58.

Job TA. 1993. Role of Maize in the livestock Industry. In: Fakorede, M. A. B., Alofe, C. O. and Kim, S. K., ed. Maize Improvement, Production and Utilization in Nigeria. Proceedings of the Annual National Workshop of the maize Association of Nigeria, IITA, Ibadan, 239-242.

Lagoke STO. 1978. Methods of controlling speargrass (Imperata cylindrical L. Beauv.) in maize (Zea mays L.) Ph.D Thesis, Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 310-360.

Lagoke STO, Kataria DO, Ogungbile OA. 1981. Potential for improved weed control practices in field crop production in the Nigerian savannah zone. Paper presented at the seminar on Green Revolution in Nigeria, held at IAR. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, September 1982.

Magani IE. 1990. Effects of period of weed interference and season long weed control on maize (Zea mays L.) M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Agronomy, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, 73-80.

Odeniyi OO. 2008. The effect of intercropped groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on weed control treatments in maize (Zea mays L.) production. B.Sc. Project, Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. 28-32.

Ogungbile AO, Lgoke STO. 1986. On-farm evaluation of the economics of chemical weed control in Oxen-mechanized maize production in Nigeria Savanna. Tropical Pest Management, 32(4), 269-273.

Ojelade OB. 2004. Use of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) for enhanced weed management in maize (Zea mays L.) Postgraduate Diploma Project, Department of Plant Physiology and Crop production, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. p 67.

SP-IPM. 2003. Tackling the scourge of parasitic weeds in Africa. IPM Research Brief No.1, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Cotonou, Benin. 24 p.

Udensi UE, Akobundu IO, Ayeni AO, Chikoye D. 1999. Management of Cogon grass (Imperata cylindirica) with velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens var. ulitis) and herbicides. Weed Technology 13(2), 201-208.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background