Influence of turmeric (Curcuma longa) tea on the growth and cocoon characters of a Philippine silkworm (Bombyx mori) hybrid

Paper Details

Research Paper 15/06/2023
Views (271) Download (31)

Influence of turmeric (Curcuma longa) tea on the growth and cocoon characters of a Philippine silkworm (Bombyx mori) hybrid

Jimilee M. Garcia, Gemma E. Arellano, Flory M. Libunao, Roel D. Supsup
Int. J. Biosci.22( 6), 210-217, June 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]


Turmeric (Curcuma longa) tea in various concentrations was tested on a promising Philippine silkworm (Bombyx mori) hybrid, DMMMSU 346, and was reared during dry, wet, and cool seasons to determine its influence on the growth and cocoon characters. The effects of the different concentrations of turmeric tea and rearing seasons were measured in terms of larval growth parameters; and cocoon and post-cocoon characteristics. Disease incidences at the larval stage as well as silk reliability were also evaluated. The study was carried out using a two-factor experiment in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Results showed that both turmeric tea concentration and rearing season significantly influenced the length and weight of silkworms, cocoon shell weight, filament length, and filament size. Disease incidences during the larval stage as well as resulting silk reliability during the post-cocoon assessment were significantly affected by the rearing season. Further, turmeric tea concentration significantly affected cocoon shell percentage. Adding turmeric tea to the mulberry diet of silkworms at a certain concentration and rearing season can improve the larval growth, cocoon, and post-cocoon traits.


Almojuela (CM), Arellano GE, Barrameda EM, Supsup RD. 2022. Improvement of silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) hybrids for cocoon and egg production using honey-enriched mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaves. Journal of Plant and Animal Sciences 32(4), 1143-1149.

Bhat TA, Choure T. 2014. Study of growth and instability in raw silk production and marketing in India. European Journal of Business and Management 6(14), 108-111.

Bukhari R, Kour H. 2019. Background, current scenario and future challenges of the Indian silk industry. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 8(5), 2448-2463.

Dacayanan MA Damasco CN, Libunao JP, Sampaga MB, Galano EA. 2023. Screening of mulberry varieties for larval growth, cocoon yield, and quality through silkworm rearing. International Journal of Industrial Entomology 46(1), 1-8.

Gobena WS, Bhaskar RN. 2015. Fortification of mulberry leaves with medicinal botanical plant extracts effect on silkworm Bombyx mori L. (PM x CSR2) (Lepidotera:Bombycidae) larval growth and cocoon traits. Journal of Biological Sciences 15(4), 199-206.

Hazel JR. 1995. Thermal adaptation in biological membranes: Is homeoviscous adaptation the explanation. Annual Review of Physiology 57, 19-42.

Hussain M, Ahmad Khan S, Naeem M, Aqil T, Khursheed R. 2011. Evaluation of silkworm lines against variations in temperature and RH for various parameters of commercial cocoon production. Psyche: A Journal of Entomology 2011.

Kanani PB, Daneshyar M, Aliakbarlu J, Hamian F. 2017. Effect of dietary turmeric and cinnamon powders on meat quality and lipid peroxidation of broiler chicken under heat stress condition. In Veterinary Research Forum 8(2), 163. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

Khan SA, Hussain M, Noureen N, Fatima S, Ane NU, Abbas Z. 2015. Yield performance of turmeric varieties intercropped with mulberry plantations. An Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences 15, 2076-2079.

Mala N, Sadatilla F, Babu HS. 2017. Strengthening of sericulture industry through fortification of mulberry leaves to enhance commercial cocoon characteristics of silkworm. Agriculture Update 12, Techsear-1.

Mano Y, Nirmal Kumar S, Basavaraja HK, Mal Reddy N, Datta RK. 1993. A New method to select promising silkworm breeds/combinations. Indian Silk 31(10), 53.

Rahmathulla VK, Mathur VB, Geetha Devi RG. 2004. Growth and Dietary Efficiency of Mulberry Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) Under Various Nutritional Environmental Stress Conditions. Philippine Journal of Science. Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute. Mysore, India.

Rajai R, Ebadi R, Mirhosseini SZ, Seidavi AR, Zolfaghari M, Etebari K. 2007. A review on nutritive effect of mulberry leaves enrichment with vitamins on economic traits and biological parameters of silkworm, Bombyx mori L. ISJ 4, 86-91.

Singh GP, Ojha NG, Kulshrestha V, Sahay A. 2007. Uses of Turmeric in Sericulture.

Thangavellu K. 2002. Conservation status of silkworm genetic resources in India. Satellite session of 19th Congress of International Sericulture Commission, Bangkok, Thailand, 21-25 September, 2002.

Yue GGL, Jiang L, Kwok HF, Lee JKM, Chan KM, Fung KP, Bik-San Lau C. 2016. Turmeric ethanolic extract possesses stronger inhibitory activities on colon tumour growth than curcumin. The importance of turmerones. Journal of Functional Foods 22, 565-577.