Interactive effects of cadmium stress and proline on physiological and biochemical parameters of faba bean plant

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Interactive effects of cadmium stress and proline on physiological and biochemical parameters of faba bean plant

Amri Assia, Layachi Naima
Int. J. Biosci.12( 5), 86-98, May 2018.
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Heavy metal stress is one of the major abiotic stresses that cause environmental pollution in recent decades. Under stress, Proline accumulated in many plants and acts as a signaling molecule and trigger specific gene expression, which can be essential for plant recovery from stress .Therefore, the present experiment was aimed to study the effect of proline on the performance of faba bean under cadmium stress condition. The effect of exogenous application of proline with different concentrations (0, 25 or 50mg / l) on faba bean (Vicia faba) plant grown under cadimium levels (0 or 150µM/l).Under Metal stress condition, all parameters [plant height and root length, root and shoot fresh weight, total soluble carbohydrates (TSC), chlorophyll (Chl) a and b, and total chlorophyll of faba beans were strongly depressed, except malondialdehyde (MDA) and proline contents. From these results, proline treatment alleviated the adverse effects of metal stress through increased the photosynthetic pigments, total carbohydrates, plant height and  fresh  weights of shoot, and seed yield as well as, total soluble sugars, compared with those of the corresponding cadimium levels, while decreased lipid peroxidation product as malondialdehyde (MDA) and the content of proline. These results indicate that application of proline was effective, and helped the plant to restore the altered physiological process induced by cadmium stress.


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