Investigating the effect of carbohydrate buildup and sink limitation to photosynthetic rate: A review

Paper Details

Review Paper 04/08/2023
Views (562) Download (60)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Investigating the effect of carbohydrate buildup and sink limitation to photosynthetic rate: A review

Christine B. Dalogdog, Caitlin Andrea M. Perral, Cecille N. Gementiza, Mauricio S. Adlaon
Int. J. Biosci.23( 2), 106-112, August 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In crops, the physiological basis of dry matter production depends on the source-sink notion and the capability to utilize photosynthetic products. When the sink exceeds the source, it declines prematurely due to lack of assimilates. The source organs are leaves while the sink organs are the fruit of the plant. In process of photosynthesis, chlorophyll absorbs energy from sunlight to build carbohydrates in the chloroplasts of the leaves, and aerobic cellular respiration releases that stored energy by using oxygen to break down carbohydrates. Both organelles use electron transport chains to generate the energy necessary to drive other reactions. It was suggested by (Tejera-Nieves et al., 2023) that sink limitation is an important mechanism that drives photosynthetic decline. In their study, the starch (a carbohydrate) in the rhizome of perennial switch grass reached highest concentrations at the same the leaf photosynthesis rate is low. Strategies to mitigate sink limitation must be included to breeding practice to increase yields. The balance of sources and sinks is the subject of two recent papers, highlighting the possibility of combining improvements in both source and sink capacities (Paul et al., 2020; Sonnewald & Fernie, 2018). In this review, the effect of carbohydrate buildup and sink limitation to photosynthetic rate was investigated.

VIEWS 97

Aiqing S., Somayanda I., Sebastian SV., Singh K., Gill K., Prasad PVVV., Jagadish SVK. 2018. Heat stress during flowering affects time of day of flowering, seed set, and grain quality in spring wheat. Crop Science, 58, 380-392.

Andrade D, Covarrubias MP, Benedeto G, Pereira G, Almeida AM. 2019. Differential source–sink manipulation affects leaf carbohydrate and photosynthesis of early- and late-harvest nectarine varieties. Retrieved March 5, 2023 at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333252509_Differential_source-sink_manipulation_affects _leaf_ carbohydrate_and_photosynthesis_of_early-_and_late-harvest_nectarine_varieties.

Behboudian MH., Ma QF., Turner NC., Palta, JA. 2001. Reactions of chickpea to water stress: yield and seed composition. J. Sci. Food Agric. 81, 1288-1291. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.939

Biswas AK., Mondal SK. 1986. Regulation by kinetin and abcisic acid of correlative senescence in relation to grain maturation, source-sink relationship and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Growth Regul. 4, 239-245.

Braun DM. 2022. Phloem Loading and Unloading of Sucrose: What a Long, Strange Trip from Source to Sink. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 73, 553–584. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-070721.083240

Chaves MM., Maroco JP., Pereira JS. 2003. Understanding plant responses to drought from genes to the whole plant. Funct. Plant Biol. 30,239-264. DOI: 10.1071/FP02076

Chen S., Hajirezaei M., Peisker M., Tschersch H., Sonnewald U., Börnke, F. 2005. Decreased sucrose-6-phosphate phosphatase level in transgenic tobacco inhibits photosynthesis, alters carbohydrate partitioning and reduces growth. Planta 221: 479-492.

Evans LT., Fischer RA. 1999. Yield potential: Its definition, measurement and significance. Crop Sci. 39, 1544-1551. DOI: 10.2135/cropsci1999.3961544x

Farrar JF. 1988. Temperature and the partitioning and translocation of carbon in plants and temperature. Eds SP. Long and FI. Woodward. The Company of Biologists Limited. Pp. 203-35.

Fischer RA., Byerlee D., Edmeades GO. 2014. Crop Yields and Global Food Security: Will Yield Increase Continue to Feed the World. ACIAR Monograph No. 158. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.

Gao G, Feng Q, Liu X, Yu T, Wang R. 2022. The Photosynthesis of Populus euphratica Oliv. Is Not Limited by Drought Stress in the Hyper-Arid Zone of Northwest China. doi.org/10.3390/f13122096. https://www.m dpi.com/1999-4907/13/12/2096

Muhie SH. 2022. Optimization of photosynthesis for sustainable crop production. CABI Agriculture and Bioscience 3(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43170022-00117-3

Paul MJ., Foyer CH. 2001. Sink regulation of photosynthesis. J. Exp. Bot. 52, 1383-1400. DOI: 10.1093/jexbot/52.360.1383

Prieto P., Ochagavía H., Savin R., Griffiths S., Slafer GA. 2018. Dynamics of floret initiation/death determining spike fertility in wheat as affected by Ppd genes under field conditions. Journal of Experimental Botany, 69, 2633-2645.

Ray DK., Mueller ND., West PC., Foley JA. 2013. Yield trends are insufficient to double global crop production by 2050. PLoS One 8:e66428. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066428

Tejera-Nieves M, Abraha M, Chen J, Hamilton S, Robertson GP, James BW. 2023. Seasonal decline in leaf photosynthesis in perennial switchgrass explained by sink limitations and water deficit. Frontiers in Plant Science. DOI 10.3389/fpls.2022.1023571. Retrieved January 28, 2023 at https://www.researchgate.net/publication /366870852_Seasonal_decline_in_leaf_photosynthesis_in_perennial_switchgrass

Van Ittersum MK., Cassman KG. 2013. Yield gap analysis-rationale, methods and applications-Introduction to the special issue. Field Crops Res. 143, 1-3. DOI: 10.1016/j.heares.2012.12.001

Araus JL., Brown HR., Febrero A., Bort J., Serret MD. 1993. Ear photosynthesis, carbon isotope discrimination and the contribution of respiratory CO2 to differences in grain mass in durum wheat. Plant, Cell & Environment 16, 383-392. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.1993.tb00884.x.

Hütsch, B.W., Jahn, D., Schubert, S. 2018. Grain yield of wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) under long-term heat stress is sink-limited with stronger inhibition of kernel setting than grain filling. Journal of Agronomy & Crop Science. 205(1), 22-32.

Koch, K. 2004. Sucrose metabolism: Regulatory mechanisms and pivotal roles in sugar sensing and plant development. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 7, 235246.

Maydup M.L., Antonietta M., Guiamet J.J., Graciano C., López J.R., Tambussi E.A. 2010. The contribution of ear photosynthesis to grain filling in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Field Crops Research 119, 48–58. doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2010.06.014

Miyashima S., Roszak P., Sevilem I., Toyokura K., Blob B., Heo, JO., Mellor N., Help-Rinta-Rahko H., Otero S., Smet W., 2019. Mobile PEAR transcription factors integrate positional cues to prime cambial growth. Nature 565:490–494.

Motohide S., Gabriel FF., Song XJ., Motoyuki A., Haruka N., Keiki I., Tomoyuki Y., Mayuko I., Hidemi K., Akiko SA. 2015. Mathematical model of phloem sucrose transport as a new tool for designing rice panicle structure for high grain yield. Plant Cell Physiol. 56, 605-619.

Lobell DB., Cassman KG., Field CB. 2009. Crop yield gaps: Their importance, magnitudes, and causes. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 34, 179-204.

Yu SM., Lo SF., Ho TD., 2015. Source-sink communication: Regulated by hormone, nutrient, and stress cross-signaling. Trends Plant Sci. 20, 844-857.

Zhao, Y. 2018. Essential roles of local auxin biosynthesis in plant development and in adaptation to environmental changes. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 69, 417-435.