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Investigation of hematological and blood biochemical parameters in guinea fowl of Korhogo, Côte D’Ivoire

Baudouin Angoua Kokore, Nahounou Mathieu Bleyere, Soualio Kamagate, Paul Angoué Yapo

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Int. J. Biosci.18( 6), 176-183, June 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.6.176-183


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Hematological and biochemical blood analyzes have been widely used as indicators to assess animal health status. Data on hematological and biochemical blood parameters of several avian species have been studied in temperate climates, but studies of birds in our tropical environment are rare. The objective of this study is to explore the hematological and biochemical blood parameters of guinea fowl intended for consumption in the city of Korhogo. To do this, a venous blood sample was taken from 32 apparently healthy guinea fowl (17 males and 15 females) for blood count and biochemical tests. At the hematological level, mean values of red blood cells, white blood cells, pack cell volume, mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin were 3.02±0.11×1012/L, 4.44±0.63×109/L. 27.28±1.02%, 123.99±4.95 fl, 38.79±1.83 pg respectively. They were higher in females than in males without significant difference. The mean hemoglobin of 09.98±0.41 g/dL is the same for both sexes. In terms of biochemistry, mean levels of glucose, total protein, aspartate amino-transferase, uric acid, calcium and phosphorus were 2.82±0.10 g/L, 4.88±0.46 g/L, 83.34±16.45 IU/L, 1.41±0.25 mg/dL, 6.16±0.55 mg/dL and 5.42±0.05 mg/dL respectively. These parameters did not differ significantly by gender. Except for pack cell volume, uric acid and calcium, all hematological and serum biochemical values were within the general reference range of avian.


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Investigation of hematological and blood biochemical parameters in guinea fowl of Korhogo, Côte D’Ivoire

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