Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2013

| Download 3

Investigation of water deficit stress effects on yield and yield components of four soybean cultivars at different growth stages

Mohammad Mehdi Pour Siahbidi, Alireza Pour Aboughadareh, Abdolreza Bazdar, Mohammad Reza Naghavi

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.3( 8), 104-109, August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.8.104-109


IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


In order to evaluate effects of water deficit stress on yield and yield components of four soybean cultivars (Sahar, Williams, Hobit and Harcor), an experiment was conducted in the Agricultural Research Station in Shirvan Chardavul, Ilam, Iran in 2010. The experiment was arranged as split plot based on randomized complete block design in three replicates. The stress conditions consisted of three different levels of water deficit stress: I1: irrigation during all growth stages as control treatment, I2: omit irrigation at the onset of flowering stage (R1) and I3: omit irrigation at the onset of grain filling stage (R6). Results showed that water deficit stress had significant effect on number of pod, number grain per pod, number of grain per plant, 100grain weight, grain yield and biological yield. Also all of agro-morphological traits except harvest index influenced significantly by cultivars. The highest reduce of traits were at I2 to I3. In general, grain yield and yield components decreased with increasing water deficit. Therefore, water deficit can reduce the grain yield and its components however, the most grain yield and yield components was belonged to ‘Sahar’ and ‘Harcor’ cultivars under stress and non-stress conditions. Thus, these cultivars can be the most tolerant than other cultivars and the grain filling stage was the most sensitive growth stage of soybean to water deficit stress in this region.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Investigation of water deficit stress effects on yield and yield components of four soybean cultivars at different growth stages

Daneshian J, Jonoubi P, Tari-Barari D. 2010. Investigation of water deficit stress on agronomical traits of soybean cultivars in temperature climate. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1(2), 75-82,

Dencic S, Kastori R, Kobiljski, B, Duggan B. 2000. Evaluation of grain yield and its components in wheat cultivars and landraces under optimal and drought conditions. Euphytica 113, 43-52, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1003997700865

Desclaux D, Huynh TT, Roumet P. 2000. Identification of soybean plant characteristics that indicate the timing of drought stress. Crop Science 40, 716-722, http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.403716x

Ghasemi-Golezani K, Bakhshy J, Zehtab-Salmasi S, Moghaddam M. 2013. Changes in leaf characteristics and grain yield of soybean (Glycine max L.) in response to shading and water stress. International Journal of Biosciences 3(2), 71-79, http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.2.71-79

Inamullah A, Isoda A. 2005. Adaptive responses of soybean and cotton to water stress. Plant Production Science 8(2), 16-26,

Khalili M, Pour Aboughadareh AR, Naghavi MR, Talebzadeh SJ. 2012. Response of spring canola (Brassica napus L.) genotypes to water deficit stress. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Science 4(21), 1579-1586.

Kobraei S, Etminan A, Mohammadi R, Kobraei S. 2011. Effects of drought stress on yield and yield components of soybean. Annals of biological Research 2(5), 504-509,

Korte LL, Williams JH, Specht JE, Sorensen RC. 1983. Irrigation of soybean genotypes during reproductive ontogeny. I. Agronomic response. Crop Science 23, 521-527, http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1983.0011183X002 300030019

Kranz WL, Elmore RW, Specht JE. 1998. Irrigating soybean. University of Nebraska-lincoln extension educational programs,

Liu FM, Anderse N, Jensen CR. 2003. Loss of pod set caused by drought stress is associated with water status and aba content of reproductive structures in soybean. Functional Plant Biology 30, 271-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP02185

Mollasadeghi V, Valizadeh M, Shahryariand RA, Imani A. 2011. Evaluation of end drought tolerance of 12 wheat genotypes by stress in dices. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 7(2), 241-247.

Moustafa MA. Boersma L, Kronstad WE. 1996. Response of four spring wheat cultivars to drought stress. Crop Science 36, 982-986. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1996.0011183X003 600040027x

Pandey  RK,  Herrera  WAT,  Pendleton  JW. 1984. Drought response of grain legumes under irrigation gradient: III. Plant growth. Agronomy Journal 76, 557-560, http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1984.00021962007 600040010x

Pour Aboughadareh AR, Naghavi MR, Khalili M. 2013. Water deficit stress tolerance in some of barley genotypes and landraces under field conditions. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 5(2), 249-255,

Roy-Macauley   H,   Zuily-Fodil   H,   Kidric   Y, Pham-Thi M, Silva JV. 1992. Effect of drought stress on proteolytic activities in phaseolus and vigna leaves from sensitive and resistant plants. Physiologia Plantrum 85(1), 90-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1992.tb05268.x

Silvieira JAG, Costa RCI, Viefgas RA, Olive-Ina JTA. Figueiredo MVB. 2003. N-compound accumulation and carbohydrate shortage on n2 fixation in drought stressed and rewatered cowpea plants. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 1(3), 65-75,

Sionit N, Kramer PJ. 1977. Effect of water stress during different stages of growth of soybean. Agronomy Journal 69, 274-278. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1977.00021962006 900020018x

Sori J, Dehghani H, Sabaghpor SH. 2005. Study of genotypes of chickpea in water stress condition. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6, 1517-1527, http://www.journals.ut.ac.ir (not available DOI number)

Van Heerden PDR, Kruger GHJ. 2002. Separately and simultaneously induced dark chilling and drought stress effects on photosynthesis proline accumulation and antioxidant metabolism in soybean. Journal of Plant Physiology 159(10), 1077-1086. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2003.00966.x

Vendruscolo EC, Schuster I, Pilefggi MC, Scapim A, Molinari HBC, Marur CJ, Vieira LGE. 2007. Stress-induced synthesis of proline confers tolerance to water deficit in transgenic wheat. Journal Plant Physiology 164(10), 1367-1376. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2007.05.001