Investigation on potential of Suaeda fruticosa as a source of edible oil

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Research Paper 01/12/2013
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Investigation on potential of Suaeda fruticosa as a source of edible oil

Maryam Shahi, Mohammad Saaghari, Ehsan Zandi Esfahan, Kamkar Jaimand
J. Bio. Env. Sci.3( 12), 101-107, December 2013.
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Given the extent of saline lands in Iran, cultivation and utilization of halophytes and salt tolerant species under the condition that both water and soil are saline could be a viable option in production and extraction of vegetable oils from halophytes and salt tolerant species.The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of a halophyte namely Suaeda fruticosa as a source of edible oil as well as qualitative and quantitative analysis of the oil. For this purpose, seeds of Suaeda fruticosa were collected from saline soils of Garmsar Desert Research Station. The extraction of fatty acids was performed by solvent in Soxhlet method, and GC was used to analyze the fatty acids.The quantity of oil present was 31.97%.According to the results of seed oil analysis by gas chromatography, the lipids in the seed were found to contain four saturated fatty acids (11.04%) and six unsaturated fatty acids (89.06%).Our data clearly indicate that the seeds of halophyte Suaeda fruticosa could be used as a source of oil for human consumption.


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