Int. J. Micro. Myco.1(1), 31-38, September 2013
Roundup degrading bacteria were isolated from the soil and gut of fungus cultivating termites Macrotermes michaelseni using MM7 media supplemented with the pesticide as the sole source of carbon and energy. The isolates were gram negative rods the isolate from the soil was designated GS1 while that from termite gut was designated GT2. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolates revealed that isolates Both isolates GS1 and GT2 are closely related to Enterobacter sp AY 0822447 with 99% sequence similarity. The results of this study highlight the potential of these bacterial isolates to be used in bioremediation.
Alexander M. 1985. Biodegradation of organic chemicals. Environmental Science and Technology 18, 106-111.
Binks PR, French CE, Nicklin S, Bruce NC. 1996. Degradation of pentaerythritol by Enterobacter cloacae PB2, Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62, 1214-1219.
Breznak JA, Switzer JM. 1986. Acetate synthesis from H2 plus CO2 by termite gut microbes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 52, 623-630.
Brune A, Emersion D, Breznak A. 1995. The termite gut Microflora as an oxygen sink: microelectrode determination of oxygen and pH gradient in the guts of lower and higher termites. Applied Microbiology 61, 2861-2687.
Brune A, Fredrich M. 2000. Micro ecology of termite gut: Structure and function on a micro scale. Curr.opin.Microbiol 3, 263-269.
Cappucino JG, Sherman N. 2002. Microbiology A Laboratory Manual 6th Edition Pearson Education, Inc, Sanfransisco, C A.
Chaudhry RG, Chapalamaguda S. 1991. Biodegradation of halogenated organic compounds. America Society of Microbiology 55, 59-79.
Diaz E, Ferrandez A, Prieto MA, Garcia JL. 2001. Biodegradation of aromatic compounds by Escherichia coli. Microbiology. Molecular biology annual review 65, 523-569.
Eatton RW, Timmis KN .1983. Genetics of xenobiotic degradation. In Klug MJ, Reddy CA, (Ed.) Current perspectives in microbial ecology. American Society of Microbiology, Washington, DC. pp. 694-703.
Embley TM, Stackebrandt E. 1994. The molecular phylogeny and systematics of actinomycetes. Annual Review of Microbiology 48, 257-289.
Farmer JT. 1995. Enterobactericeae: introduction and identification In: Manual of clinical microbiology (6th Edition) (Murray PR, Baron EJ, Pfaller MA, Tenover FC and Yolken RH Editors), American society of Microbiology, Washington DC. p. 435-450.
Felsenstein J. 1981. Evolutionary trees for DNA sequences: a maximum likelihood approach. Journal of Molecular Evolution 17, 368-376.
Grant DJW. 1967. Kinetic aspects of growth of Klebsiella aerogenes with some benzoid carbon source. Journal of General Microbiology 46, 213-224.
Hardman DJ. 1987. Microbial control of environmental pollution: the use of genetic techniques to engineer organisms with novel catabolic capabilities. pp. 295-317, In. Environmental biotechnology, Forste CF and Wase DAJ (Eds.) Ellis Hardwood, Chichester,Uk.
Kanaly RA, Bartha R, Watanabe K, Harayama S. 2000. Rapid mineralization of Benzo (a) pyrene by microbial consortium growing on diesel fuel. Applied Microbiology 66, 4205-4211.
Kane DM, Dore J, Eggleton P, Bignell, Breznak A, Brauman A. 2001. Molecular phylogenetic profiling of prokaryotic communities in the gut of termites with different feeding habits. Federation of European Microbiology Society, Microbiology Ecology 35, 27-36.
Lerbs W, Stock M, Parthier B. 1990. Physiological aspects of glyphosate degradation in Alcaligenes species strain GL. Archives of Microbiology 153. p. 146-150.
Murray DW, Sowden LC, Calvin RJ. 1984. Bacteroides cellusolven sp. nov. a cellolytic species from sewage sludge. International Journal of Systematic bacteriology 34. 2. 185-187.
Schink B, Brune A, Schenell S. 1992. Anaerobic degradation of aromatic compounds In Winkelman G (Ed) Microbial degradation of organic compounds VCH, Wienhein Germany.P. 220-242.
Stach EM, Maldonado AL, Masson GD, Ward CA, Goodfellow M, Bull TA. 2003. Statistical approaches for estimating actinobacterial diversity in marine sediment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 69, 6189-6200.
Trevor JT, Barkery T, Bourquin AV. 1987. Gene transfer among bacteria in soil and aquatic environments: a review. Canada Journal of Microbiology 33, 191-198.
Yuste L, Corbella E, Turiegaro M, Karlso U, Puyet A, Rojo F. 2000. Characterization of bacterial strains able to grow on high molecular mass residue from the crude oil processing. Federation of European Microbiology Society Microbiology and Ecology 32, 69- 75