Measure the dynamics of malaria transmission using entomological approaches at Natitingou, Northern-East of Benin

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2018
Views (249) Download (10)

Measure the dynamics of malaria transmission using entomological approaches at Natitingou, Northern-East of Benin

Yadouleton Anges, Agbarin Ramziyath, Klotoe Jean-Robert, Tchibozo Carine, Agolinou Achase, Ahissou Fabrice, Tossou Roland, Akogbeto Martin
Int. J. Biosci.13( 5), 188-194, November 2018.
Certificate: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


To evaluate the level of malaria transmission at Natitingou Northern-East of Benin, a cross sectional entomological study was carried out from April 2016 to March 2017 in urban and rural areas of this city. Adult mosquitoes were collected in both areas by Human Landing Catch and Indoor Pyrethrum Spray Catches (PSC). Entomological parameters like the human biting rate, the Circunsporizoite protein (CSP) rate and the Entomological Inoculation Rate (EIR) were evaluated. A total of 21,018 mosquitoes were collected where Anopheles spp which contributed to malaria transmission represented 17.09%. The highest bites of An. gambiae s.l. during the rainy season was found in August at urban (33.75bites/p/n) and rural (25.83 bites/p/n) but, there is no significant different between the average HBR of An. gambiae s.l. in urban area (11.41 bites/p/n) and in the rural area (8.21 bites/p/n) (P>0.05). Transmission was high during the rainy season (June to November) and low during the dry season (December to May) and was vehicle by An. gambiae Colluzzi (65%). and An. arabiensis (35%). The EIR was significantly higher in the dry season in urban area (0.125bi/p/n) than in rural area (0.021 bi/p/n) (P < 0.05). However, during the rainy season, there was no significant difference between the EIR from urban and rural areas (P > 0.05). These findings showed that malaria is permanent at Natitingou both in urban and in rural area and was vehicle by An. Coluzzi and An. Arabiensis. These results will be useful to implement a strategy against malaria in this city.


Barber BE, Rajahram GS, Grigg MJ, William T, Anstey NM. 2017. World malaria report: time to acknowledge Plasmodium knowlesi malaria. Malaria Journal 16, 135-138.

Deressa W, Ali A, Enquoselassie A. 2004. Knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria, the mosquito and anti-malarial drugs in a rural community. Ethiopian Journal Health and Development 17, 99–104.

Mutuku FM, Bayoh MN, Gimnig JE, Vulule JM, Kamau L, Walker ED. 2006.  Pupal habitat productivity of Anopheles gambiae complex mosquitoes in a rural village in western Kenya. American Journal and Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 74, 54–61. PMID: 16407346.

Ndenga B, Githeko AK, Omukunda E, Munyekenye OG, Atieli H, Wamae P. 2006.  Population dynamics of malaria vectors in the western Kenya highlands. Journal of Medicine and Entomology 43, 200–2010. PMID 16619599.

Lindblade KA, Walker ED, Wilson ML. 2000. Early warning of malaria epidemics in African highlands using Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) indoor resting density. Journal of  Medicine and Entomology 37, 664–674. PMID 11004777.

Minakawa N, Sonye G, Mogi M, Yan G. 2004. Habitat characteristics of Anopheles gambiae s.s. larvae in a Kenyan highland. Medicine and Veterinary and Entomology 18, 301–305.

Alemu A, Muluye D, Mihret M, Adugna M, Gebeyaw M. 2012. Ten year trend analysis of malaria prevalence in kola Diba, North Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Parasites & Vectors 5, 173.

Yama Y, Ota M, Molla G, Beyene BB. 2016. Sharp decline of malaria cases in the Burie Zuria, Dembia, and Mecha districts, Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2012–2014: descriptive analysis of surveillance data. Malaria Journal 15, 104-109.

Mathanga DP, Tembo AK, Mzilahowa T, Bauleni A, Mtimaukenena K, Taylor TE, Valim C, Walker ED, Wilson ML. 2015 Patterns and determinants of malaria risk in urban and peri-urban areas of Blantyre, Malawi. Malaria Journal 15, 590-595.

Gillies MT, De Meillon B. 1968. The Anophelinae of Africa South of the Sahara (Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region). South Africa Institut Medicine Region 54, 335-343.

Scott J, Brogdon W, Collins F. 1993. Identification of single specimens of the An. gambiae complex by PCR. American Journal and Tropical Medecine and Hygiene 49, 520-529. PMID: 16407346

Quinones ML, Norris DE, Conn JE, Moreno M, Burkot TR, Bugoro H, Keven JB, Cooper R, Yan G, Rosas A. 2015. Insecticide resistance in areas under investigation by the international centers of excellence for malaria research: a challenge for malaria control and elimination. American Journal and Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 93, 69–78.  PMID: 16407346.

Mugwagwa N, Mberikunashe J, Gombe NT, Tshimanga M, Bangure D, Mungati M. 2015. Factors associated with malaria infection in Honde valley, Mutasa district, Zimbabwe, 2014: a case control study. BMC Research Notes 8, 829.

Yadouléton  AW,  N’Guessan  R,  Allagbé  H,  Asidi  A,  Boko  M,  Osse  R,  Padonou G, Gazard K, Akogbéto M. 2010. The impact of the expansion of urban vegetable farming on malaria transmission in major cities of Benin. Parasites & Vectors 3, 118-126.

Phillips DR. 1993. Urbanization and human health. Parasitology 106, S93–S107.

United Nations. 2004. World urbanization prospects: the 2003 revision. Data, tables and highlights. United Nations; New York 8, 11-34.