Int. J. Biosci.17(6), 266-275, December 2020
Bacterivory is common in bivalves. To test the effect of methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) on the growth and survival of blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) larvae, MOB was used as a replacement to microalgae. Enriched and sub-cultured MOB is from the marine sediment sample from the Northsea coast of Yeserke, The Netherland. The feeding ration of MOB was 75% 50% and 25% combined with 25%, 50% and 75% microalgae, respectively, based on dry weight; and control treatments are 50% and 100% microalgae only. The microalgal diet used consisted of a combination of Isosychris galbana. Chaetoceros muelleri and Tetraselmis suecica. Growth and survival of mussel larvae fed with MOB showed no significant difference compared with the 100% microalgae diets on day 6. Average shell height among all treatments was 80.7 ± 1.99 µm and an average survival rate of 11.12 ± 2.61%. Nevertheless, due to massive mortality due to Vibrio sp. attack in the laboratory. The experiment was terminated on day 8. This study, however, even at a short time still displayed that the use of MOB offers a promising result as a replacement of live algae for mussel larvae. The data of this study provide good insights regarding MOB as a possible bacterial meal for mussel larviculture. More future research is needed on the application of the MOB as feed for mussels since this is the first time that the MOB is applied as food for blue mussel larvae.
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