Mitigation of Temperature, Drought and Viral Diseases Stress in Vegetable Crops

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Research Paper 01/02/2020
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Mitigation of Temperature, Drought and Viral Diseases Stress in Vegetable Crops

Muhammad Najeebullah, Nusrat Parveen, Saeed Ahmad Shah Chishti, Etlas Amin, Fariha Shahzadi, Saba Aleem, Mehvish Tahir, Rasheda Aslam
Int. J. Biosci.16( 2), 164-172, February 2020.
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Vegetable crops are more prone to temperature stress, drought and viral diseases as compared to other crops. Each vegetable has special range of temperature for its growth and fruit setting. On account of fruit as an economical part of vegetables especially belonging to Cucurbitaceae, Solanaceae, they require mild temperature (12-29˚C). Temperature extremes not only hinder plant growth but also halt fruit setting. Additionally vegetable crops require continuous availability of medium moisture therefore drought causes severe reduction in growth as well as fruit yield. As vegetables possess succulent leaves therefore these crops are more susceptible to insects. Additionally insects also act as a vector for transmission of viral diseases. Considering aforementioned threats various approaches could be adopted for ameliorating the effect of these stresses. In addition to long term approach like stress breeding, short term approaches like protected nursery sowing, tunnel cultivation, mulching with plastic, lowering of temperature by using cooling pads and foggers use of insect net, drip irrigation, uses of fruit setting hormones and vegetable grafting could also be adopted.


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