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Morphological and genetic variation of Amaranthus spinosus L.: an adaptation evidence of climate differences and gene interaction

Arik Arubil Fatinah, Estri Laras Arumingtyas, Retno Mastuti

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Int. J. Biosci.3(11), 205-212, November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.11.205-212


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Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) natively live in America, Africa, Australia, Europe and Asia. This plant can be used as medicinal plant and also as food or feed. A. spinosus has phenotypic variation, especially in leave and stem type. It is because of plant adaptation. Plant adaptations impact to variation on morphological and genetic. Chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) is a common molecular marker that used in the genetic variability analyses. Phenotypic variation was analyzed using morphological and molecular data. The trnL intron, matK and rbcL genes were amplified and sequenced. The sequence data analyses using MEGA5, Bioedit and DNAsp software’s. The molecular data shown that A. spinosus from tropical zone was higher genetic variability then temperate zone. Plant in the tropical zone easy to be colonized and there isn’t gene flow barrier. So that, A. spinosus that adapt to different habitat have different morphological character and have higher genetic variability.


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Morphological and genetic variation of Amaranthus spinosus L.: an adaptation evidence of climate differences and gene interaction

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